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USSOCOM Awards

Looking at past USSOCOM awards is a good way to understand the types of technologies that USSOCOM pursues. It also provides a sense of the companies that USSOCOM funds. This information can be useful when submitting proposals. This page provides a list of USSOCOM SBIR awardees dating back to 1997. If one were interested, more detailed information, including an abstract about the technology, is available by clicking on the topic title.




Company Name Topic # Title
Eclipse Energy Systems, Inc. AF06-019Advanced Longevity System for the Environmental Protection of Electrochromic Materials

Abstract

Eclipse has a variable transmittance coating to meet the requirement for a single day/night visor for aircrews. The Eclipse Electrochromic Device (EclipseECD) is well suited for light modulation applications. The EclipseECD modulates transmitted light intensity over a broad range (80% to 20% transmission) by changing optical density under an applied electric field (1.5V). This process is reversed by changing the polarity of the applied field. This technology has a variety of uses beyond just visors but in all cases a proper sealing method for long term durability and survival is required for any sort of commercialization. The use of flexible and semi-rigid polymer substrates (such as polycarbonate flight visors) offers numerous advantages in terms of processing and applications. However, for electro-optical use, the primary limitation is that moisture and/or oxygen rapidly diffuses through these substrate materials, leading to performance degradation and shortened lifetime. Thus, the objective of this follow-on Phase II effort is to tailor the EclipseECD for long term environmental stability. The advanced packaging system developed during this program shall extend the fully-functional lifetime of the EclipseECDTM by significantly mitigating the effects of harsh environments that exist outside of laboratory conditions.

Contact Info

2345 Anvil Street North
St. Petersburg FL 33710-3905
EMAGIN CORP. AF093-021Ultrahigh Definition OLED Microdisplay (UDM)

Abstract

Commercialization of a very high definition (HD) (>2.3 megapixel) color Active Matrix OLED microdisplay has the potential to significantly increase warfighter effectiveness without compromises in resolution, field of view and digital capability. Warfighters require high performance virtual displays that provide 20/20 visual acuity with high information content, suitable for today"s/future network centric battlespace. Combining OLED technology with advanced CMOS semiconductor processes has led to the successful development of a HD WUXGA microdisplay. The inherent high contrast and fast response of OLED technology have contributed to the superior image quality/video performance of AMOLED displays. These attributes of OLED technology facilitate a path to a higher dynamic range than currently available, as well as provide a refresh rate high enough to eliminate motion artifacts. eMagin will bring the HD WUXGA prototype display to a TRL 7, at which time the display will become a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) product for dual use applications, will be listed and promoted as an eMagin Corporation catalog item and will be optimized for volume production. This effort includes a commercial qualification plan that will stress the microdisplays over several environmental parameters, and culminate with the validation of the WUXGA microdisplay as a volume production ready unit.

Contact Info

3006 Northup Way
Bellevue WA 98004-
Dynamic Structures and Materials, LLC BMDO01-002High Power Rotary Actuator for Kinetic Energy Weapons

Abstract

Dynamic Structures and Materials, LLC (DSM) proposes the design and development of a high power rotary piezoelectric driven actuator for optical assemblies for kinetic energy weapons. The proposed design uses an ultrasonic piezo ring motor to provide torque and speed. The simplicity of the design allows for very high actuation frequencies without excitation of undesirable modes, producing smooth and quiet motion through the range of travel. The motor also provides high resolution control authority of less than 0.001"and nearly instantaneous stroke without the windup or backlash found in traditional geared electromagnetic or hydraulic/pneumatic actuation technologies. Development of an electronics driver that requires minimal space and little or no power during hard-over or holding maneuvers is also proposed.

Contact Info

205 Williamson Square
Franklin TN 37064-
UTILITY DEVELOPMENT CORP. CBD 01-401Advanced Lightweight NBC Protective Clothing

Abstract

Our main objective will be to design, fabricate, and evaluate a lightweight semi-permeable or selectively permeable electrospun membrane, allowing ventilation of the wearer without exposure to outside chemical or biological hazards for NBC protective suits. These light weight semi permeable membranes will have the capability to provide time until agent break through after receiving an agent exposure. UDC will prove the feasibility and potential advantages of the new polymers for electrospinning, crosslinking and lamination of electrospun membrane and a carrier fabric during this Phase I program. These laminates will be tested for breathability, bond strength and launderability. At the end of Phase I, we will provide a report with results and conclusions, and a Phase II plan, schedule and cost estimate. This program will provide lightweight semi-permeable or selectively permeable electrospun membrane laminates for NBC protective suits. Semi-permeable membrane materials are already widely used in commercial applications. Electrospun fiber technology is not presently used in the commercial fabric industry, but offers great potential for integration of new materials into the fabric construction process, as well as potential medical and packaging applications.

Contact Info

112 Naylon Avenue
Livingston, NJ 07039
Rini Technologies IncH-SB04.2-006Compact Quiet Microclimate Cooling System

Abstract

The Tactical Assault Light Operator Suit (TALOS) is being developed by the United States Special Operations Command (USSCOM). Warfighters operating in hot regions while wearing encapsulating Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) will require a Compact and Quiet Microclimate Cooling System (CQ-MCS) to protect the suit operators from heat stress. RINI Technologies has developed a 1 liter sized man-portable personal cooling product that keeps a soldier"s body cool. Personal cooling technology improves physical and cognitive function, and reduces dehydration; benefits that have a positive impact on health and mental readiness, mission endurance and operational readiness. The proposed Phase II effort will focus on integrating RINI"s personal cooling technology with the TALOS suit. In the 6 month base effort RINI will test and evaluate the noise characteristics of RINI"s cooling system and deliver (3) prototype systems and (3) integration kits for the Gen 1 TALOS suit. In the Option 1 effort, RINI will target a 20% system weight reduction and 50% noise reduction and investigate using TALOS physiological data to control the CQ-MCS cooling rate. RINI will fabricate, test and deliver (3) CQ-MCS prototypes with (3) Gen 2 integration kits at the conclusion of the Option 1 effort.

Contact Info

582 South Econ Circle
Oviedo, FL 32765
Network Biosystems, Inc. H-SB09.1-001Low Cost and Rapid DNA-Based Biometric Device

Abstract

Sensitive site exploitation activities are focused on collecting forensic evidence left behind by persons involved in terrorist or other illegal activity, and the biological evidence recovered is often referred to as"touch DNA samples". Touch samples include fingerprints, skin cells found on clothing (e.g. a shirt collar), and oral epithelial cells found on the opening of a soda can or the rim of a drinking glass. The quantity of DNA that is recovered from touch DNA samples is highly variable, ranging from less than 6 picograms (pg)the amount of DNA in a single human cell, to 100 ng. The proposed Rapid DNA-Based Biometric Device will include subsystems for sample preparation (cell lysis and purification), multiplex PCR amplification using NDIS/CODIS-compatible STR primer sets, electrophoretic length separation of PCR products, and laser-induced fluorescence detection of the products to yield electrophoretic traces. These subsystems will be based on microfluidic instrumentation and biochips previously developed and tested by NetBio for the evaluation of forensic samples containing much larger quantities of DNA than present within touch samples. Accordingly, the focus of the proposed work is to adapt the existing technology to the generation of STR profiles from touch samples.

Contact Info

830 Winter Street
Waltham MA 02451-1477
TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. HSB010.1-006Cheetah-Traks: Subterranean Navigation Via Inertial Sensors and Multipath Resistant RF Ranging

Abstract

The integrated Cheetah Traks and Virtual Inertial Navigation System (V-INS) units will create a denied GPS navigation system capable of tracking unit locations and maintain that accuracy across a range of dynamics and environmental conditions. The target system is targeted to contain less than four components (IMU, computer, communication unit and display) and adds minimal weight to the user.

Contact Info

16516 Via Esprillo
San Diego CA 92127-1708
BOULDER NONLINEAR SYSTEMS, INC. SB092-014Development of New Adaptive Polymer Lenses

Abstract

Boulder Nonlinear Systems proposes to improve the manufacturability of adaptive polymer lenses (APLs) specifically as they pertain to rifle scopes. Phase II deliverables include: Polymer Lens Cores Design, tooling specifications and process procedures for Membrane Transfer Fixture (from cure release clamp) Design, tooling specifications and process procedures for Membrane Clamping Fixture (from alignment clamp bond) Design, tooling specifications and process procedures for Membrane Tailoring Fixture Integrated Fabrication Fixture Final Technical Report The proposed Phase II research will mature the APL manufacturing technology to the point where the lenses can be readily fabricated in sufficient quantity to be transitioned to low rate production for rifle scopes.

Contact Info

450 Courtney Way, Unit 107
Lafayette CO 80026-
Ekso Bionics IncSB103-001Low Noise, High Efficiency Hydraulics for Mobile Robots

Abstract

We propose to develop an exoskeleton device that significantly reduces the load the user bears while introducing a negligible metabolic impact. The proposed device employs a novel approach to the issues associated with excessive loading and represents a significant deviation from previous attempts to meet this need. We will develop a lightweight lower extremity exoskeleton for load carriage assistance at a Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 6. The device will weigh less than 25 lbs, be able to carry more than 100 lbs, include no active power elements, and be tailored fit the operator. Furthermore, we will provide integrated attachments for customized armor so that the exoskeleton will optimally carry the armor weight. By pursing an integrated approach, we will insure that the armor is both well positioned and well supported.

Contact Info

1414 Harbour Way South, Suite 1201
Richmond, CA 94804-3628
KREAMER SPORTS, INC. SOCOM 00-001Extreme Environment Hand-Wear system

Abstract

A variety of extreme environment hand-wear systems are currently available for military personnel ranging from three and six modular glove systems to a Cold/Wet Glove system. While these are designed to protect soldiers' hands from cold/wet climates, the basic system designs make them too bulky and cumbersome to provide the tactility and dexterity required in many military applications, including rappelling, fast-roping, and operating a weapon. Nor are existing systems designed to provide hand protection to -40 F. as required in this soliciation. Kreamer Sports manufacturers heated outdoor sportswear, including heated fingered and hooded fingered gloves, that utilize the latest state-of-the-art in conductive fabrics powered by several battery applications. The objective of the proposed work is to evaluate the newest advancements in thermal insulators, conductive heating materials, and heat transferring materials. Working on the body of research already performed by Kreamer Sports, we intend to produce data on new and innovative methods of heat generation and distribution. Our emphasis will be on advancing the viability of carbon/conductive materials to provide the desired extreme temperature performance while greatly improving the dexterity and tactility of current military hand-wear systems, at the same time investigating and analyzing the potential for other commercial and military applications.

Contact Info

7100 West Park Road
Shreveport, LA 71129
OUTDOOR RESEARCH SOCOM 00-001Extreme Environment Hand-Wear system

Abstract

The characteristics of materials and designs suitable for an Extreme Environment Handwear System that will meet the requirements of the Special Operations Forces will be quantified. Materials that appear most suitable will be obtained and tested utilizing ASTM tests and tests developed around specific SOF tasks. Current handwear will be surveyed, and those possessing design, materials or construction elements that appear promising will be selected. These, and current SOF handwear, will be subjected to extensive lab and field testing based on SOF requirements. Design elements that appear most promising, and new design concepts that emerge from these tests, will be selected for study. Advanced design concepts in ergonomics, modularity, system integrations, heat transfer, etc will be conceptualized and investigated. Promising construction techniques, including sewing, RF welding, gluing, etc. will be investigated. Prototype handwear systems that incorporate the most promising materials, construction techniques, and design elements will be constructed. These prototype handwear systems will be subjected to thorough lab and field testing to establish environmental and ergonomic performance and to provide a qualitative assessment of their compatibility with SOF mission-essential tasks. Based on these designs and results, recommendations will be made to USSOCOM for Phase II designs.

Contact Info

2203 1st Avenue South
Seattle, WA 98134
FIORE INDUSTRIES, INC. SOCOM 00-002RF Detector/Emitter

Abstract

Fiore Industries Inc. has extensive experience in a wide variety of RF and high power microwave (HPM) technologies. Fiore proposes an explosive RF emitter that transmits a large RF pulse. Nearby receivers tuned to this waveform can be made very insensitive then to interfering signals. Fiore has a teaming agreement with the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology's (NMIMT) Energetic Materials Research and Testing Center (EMRTC), who will provide the explosives handling and testing expertise. EMRTC has been very helpful in developing this proposal. Fiore and EMRTC have identified three interesting options for addressing the customer requirements. These options are: one direct RF-generation mechanism integrated into the explosive, and two options for using a conventional RF transmitter. The feasibility of all options will be explored. One promising device design will be pursued in detail.

Contact Info

5301 Central Ave., NE, Suite 9 P.O. Box 9243
Albuquerque, NM 87119
IDOLON TECHNOLOGIES SOCOM 00-002RF Detector/Emitter

Abstract

This proposal describes a self-powered, lightweight, micro-sized device, which canactivate several in-line explosive charges by sympathetic detonation. The detonation is performed without the use of connecting cables or other wired systems. As a result, less weight must be carried by the operator and the time and complexity to set up multiple charges is greatly reduced. The object of Phase I is to determine the feasibility of a self-powered piezoelectric transmitter which utilizes a digitally coded, UHF signal to facilitate sympathetic detonation. The aim of the proposed program is to build a prototype unit and evaluate it under a variety of realistic detonation scenarios.

Contact Info

72 Stone Place
Melrose, MA 02176
ZYBRON, INC. SOCOM 00-003High Performance Assault Zone Marking System

Abstract

Special Operations Forces is looking for assault zone marking systems to facilitate instrument approaches of fixed and rotary wing aircraft under extremely low ceiling/visibility (LCN) conditions (200' ceiling/0.5 mile visibility). In this proposal, very innovative system and components designs are presented to fully realize above goal. Our innovations are: 1. Two lighting systems-ground lighting system (GLS) and a lighting system (ALS) are designed. The GLS is an active system using visible or invisible LED or LD to the ground marks. The ALS has no light from the ground marks, but has light from aircraft to illuminate the passive ground marks. One soldier can deploy and remove the assault zone marking system in a short time. 2. Parabolic LEDs and honeilluminator with projection lens are designed for ground or air lighting system. This inexpensive and totally eye-safe device can largely increase the illumination distance to illuminate an area of 30 M in a distance of 300 M with the use of off-the-shelf LLLCCD or I2 of Gen-III on the aircraft. 3. By using fibers to combine 40 PInGaAs laser dio together, a LD with CW output power of 15 W at eye-safe wavelength of 1.55 m has been achieved and can illuminate an area of 30 M in a distance of 300 M with the use of off-the-shelf uncooled InGaAs FPA. 4. simple variable focus projector head is designed to keep the same illuminating size in different distances thus the light will not be wasted. 5. A common aperture optical head is designed to let the FPA and L share the same lens and get the image from the same illuminating area. 6. An imaging laser ranger is designed by modulating the CW PInGaA laser or using eye-safe pulse laser Nd:YAG at 1.54 m to get the distance to the ground. This will be helpful to do instrument approach in harshest weather conditions. 7. Uncooled BST FPA in 1-35 m is ato get both active laser illuminated zone image and passive LIR zone image thus can do instrument approach with/without zone marks. 8. retroreflective paint, tape, or corner cube is used to largely increase the visibility of the zone mark for better instrument approach from longer distance in bad weather condition.

Contact Info

3915 Germany Lane
Beavercreek, OH 45431
21ST CENTURY SYSTEMS, INC. SOCOM 00-004Assistant SOF Cross-country Route Planner

Abstract

We propose agent technology for an innovative cross-country route planner (movement by foot or vehicles without using roads) for Special Operations Forces (SOF). SOF troops routinely carry heavy loads on cross-country routes with elevation gain and loss (both expend energy compared to level terrain). SOF troops on a clandestine mission cannot choose a route of "least resistance". Route may require traversing across an obstacle (swamp) also expending high amount of energy. There is no current planner that provides a cost function for SOF mission cross-country travel. Additionally, lack of planning time often constrains route selection. The agent assists the operator to evaluate potential routes for level of effort expended by foot troops. The agent searches databases and prepares map overlays for route elevation change (both ascent and descent), distance covered and time. The agent analyses energy expenditure for each troop, each day over the entire route. It evaluates the energy expenditure of obstacles in potential route that requires the troops to traverse (e.g., snow & ice fields, swamps). The agent works with the operator to develop a situation map showing other mission vital information (e.g., possible exposure to a threat, route safety issue) that will indicated in a pop-up window. Tailored versions will allow a range of operator displays from simple (e.g., 2D elevation profile and 2D route-of march using DTED and DFAD) to sophisticated 3D animation using the latest overhead SAR imagery. The architecture supports all phases of mission and training.

Contact Info

427 South 166th Street
Omaha, NE 68118
CRE, INC. SOCOM 00-004SOF Ground Route Planner

Abstract

The SOF Ground Route Planner Phase I project is a feasible effort to start an effective program for fielding a ground route planning application for SOF forces. The project provides operational and technical requirements definition, prototype development, and prototype validation. The SOF Ground Route Planner integrates work, time, and risk algorithm onto multiple mapping systems and DII/COE data sources.

Contact Info

1600 Prince St. Ste. 613
Alexandria, VA 22314
PATHFINDER SYSTEMS, INC. SOCOM 00-004"SOF TRAK - Route Planning System for Special Operations Forces"

Abstract

The six month effort will develop a Preliminary Design for a Phase II route planning system, for ground, cross-country movement planning tailored to meet the requirements of Special Operations Forces (SOF) personnel. This route planner will be called SOF TRAK. The system will incorporate the use of Pathfinder's efficient route searching techniques, to develop a set of routes for a given SOF mission. The system will display these routes to the user in a simple and intuitive manner, to allow the user for select a route that best fits mission needs. The effort includes the implementation of a SOF TRAK Concept Demonstrator, hosted on a palm-size PC, which demonstrates the key technologies of the proposed system. At the end of the effort, SOF personnel will be able to use the Concept Demonstrator in the field, and in a garrison setting, to further define the requirements for a route planning system that can meet the unique requirements of USSOCOM.

Contact Info

200 Union Blvd., Suite 221
Lakewood, CO 80228
FOSTER-MILLER, INC. SOCOM 00-006Low-Cost, High Performance Transparent Armor

Abstract

A new single crystal alumina nanocomposite material is in development that has the potential to be an excellent hardface material for transparent armor. This project will develop a version of the new material specifically for transparent armor applications. The material is expected to have mechanical properties and ballistic performance roughly equivalent to, or better than, aluminum oxynitride (ALON). ALON is ballistically superior to transparent spinel and single crystal sapphire. Extrapolation of data within the public domain indicates that transparent armor performing at this level will defeat benchmark small arms threats at an areal density of approximately 7 lb/ft2 (34 kg/m2). The process to make the single crystal alumina nanocomposite material is expected to drastically reduce cost relative to the other transparent ceramic materials when scaled up for production. In the Phase I project, small transparent hardface specimens will be made and tested for optical and mechanical properties. The material's anticipated ballistic performance will be predicted from the mechanical properties. A plan for (Phase II) ballistic, optical, mechanical, and physical testing of larger armor specimens will be derived, and a producibility study will be done to determine estimated unit costs for hypothetical production of small to large transparent armor parts. (P-00857) Successful development of the new single crystal alumina nanocomposite material will allow the use of transparent armor having very high ballistic performance at much lower cost than existing transparent ceramics. Military applications include windows and vision blocks for armored vehicles, ballistic shield windows, face shields and goggles, aircraft transparencies and sensor windows, infrared domes for missiles, and laser ignition windows for medium and large caliber cannons. Commercial applications include law enforcement vehicle windows, ballistic shields, face shields, and executive protection armor configurations.

Contact Info

350 Second Ave.
Waltham, MA 02451
MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH SOCOM 00-006An Ultralightweight Nanocomposite Opaque Ballistic Shield

Abstract

New technology is required to demonstrate a multi-hit material that can defeat multi-threats at less than 4 lbs/ft2. Nanotechnology based engineered materials have the potential to demonstrate substantial ballistic performance enhancement over state-of-the-art armor systems. Recent developments in nanocrystalline ceramics have demonstrated ballistic performance that meets current weight goals but lacks the multi-hit capability. Nano-reinforced polymers have demonstrated exemplary ballistic performance with multi-hit capability. Combining nanocrystalline ceramic and nano-reinforced polymers in a multilayer composite that somewhat mimics seashell architectures has the potential to provide multi-hit capability against multi-threats at less than 4lbs/ft2. This program will fabricate, ballistic test, identify the relationship of the layers on ballistic performance, initiate compositional/layer optimization and deliver ballistic shield samples to SOCOM for further ballistic test confirmation The development and demonstration of a paradigm in advanced ultra-lightweight armor materials will have immediate applications in all military deployment, in law enforcement, security police, private vehicles, boats and buildings, and a variety of structural and aerospace applications.

Contact Info

7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
MSE-AML SOCOM 00-006Advanced Ballistic Shields Made Ultra-light and Affordable

Abstract

New materials are needed to reduce weight of ballistic shields, but they MUST be affordable in order to support commercialization goals. Reinforcing ceramics with fibers can reduce the weight of the opaque components and at the same time increase multi-hit capability and damage tolerance. MSE-AML proposes a cost effective approach to fiber reinforced ceramic composites for ballistic applications that is attractive for commercialization. Regarding the transparent materials, the primary challenge is to satisfy both the multi-spectral requirement and achieve the hardness necessary for good ballistic performance. A hot pressed mixture of multi-spectral materials of various hardness and cost has potential to provide an affordable solution. Both transparent and opaque materials must be combined efficiently in shield manufacturing and assembly processes to achieve optimal benefit. Phase I will demonstrate ballistic efficiency of the fiber reinforced ceramics and will investigate feasibility of performance and economics of the transparent material. Our ultimate goal is to develop and deliver SOCOM a shield with a reasonable area of protection against small arms fire in both opaque and transparent parts that is curved and comfortable to carry weighing significantly less than 20 pounds. The proposed fiber reinforced ceramics have the potential for wide spread use in the armor market due to their attractive properties including multi-hit capability, damage tolerance, shape flexibility, and manufacturability. They also have utility in wear applications and high temperature applications. Transparent materials for ballistic protection are important to all branches of the military. Potential non-armor applications include domes and windows.

Contact Info

1300 Marrows Rd.
Newark, DE 19711
IDOLON TECHNOLOGIES SOCOM 00-007Sympathetic Detonation Underwater With Optical Means

Abstract

The requirement for a light weight underwater detonator arises from the need to provide a reliable trigger signal under all conditions. The object of the Phase I is to determine the feasibility of an optical self-generating signal that has low power/energy requirments. This device will have a simple user interface and rugged construction. The aim of the proposed program is to build a prototype unit and evaluate it under a variety of realistic conditions. The results of this work are expected to be an underwater detonator that sends a reliable, unique signal due to a self-generating optical method. The commerical application of this device mining, demolition and avalanche control.

Contact Info

72 Stone Place
Melrose, MA 02176
VORTANT TECHNOLOGIES SOCOM 00-007Innovative underwater trigger signaling system

Abstract

For sympathetic underwater detonation, wireless triggering is highly desirable. A wireless trigger would avoid the problems associated with installing long, wired connections, and would permit a much larger stand-off from the detonation. Wireless underwater signaling, however, continues to be a difficult problem. For example, radio and acoustic waves have severe problems under water and near shore. A new type of signaling technology is proposed here. The technology takes advantage of properties of water which have not previously been used for communications purposes. A plan is presented to develop an underwater trigger signaling capability with this technology, and provide evidence that a trigger signaling system can be implemented with useful range and triggering capability. Successful preliminary feasibility test results are presented. The proposed technology will provide a new and effective method for underwater trigger signaling. It will allow trigger signals to be transmitted over significant distances. It is anticipated that the proposed solution will be very cost effective and provide signaling capability in a wide range of underwater conditions. The proposed technology has commercial application for SCUBA communication systems and communications with underwater craft.

Contact Info

160 Wildflower Circle
Sedona, AZ 86351
CONTINENTAL CONTROLS & DEVICES, INC. SOCOM 00-008Trimmable Waterjet Nozzle for Small Craft

Abstract

Under some conditions, many boats are susceptible to burying their bow into oncoming waves. In the case of SOCOM's new NSWRIB, the low bow profile, relatively high loading and soft inflatable sponson exacerbate this concern. In this project we investigate several methods to reduce bow stuffing. These include pushing down at the back of the boat with trimmable jet nozzles, bendable transom trim tabs and aft movement of the Cg. We also look at holding the front up with an additional lifting surface, or `hydroski', which is bolted to the bow and is normally above the waterline, but provides large vertical force when needed. Advanced dynamic computer modeling, and instrumented ocean testing of 1/8 and _ scale prototypes in Phase 1 will demonstrate the feasibility of an eventual low cost retrofit for production boats. This project has an immediate application to production SOCOM small craft as well as commercial and recreational craft, and should lead to a better understanding of planing boat behavior in waves.

Contact Info

1921 N. Gaffey Suite J
San Pedro, CA 90731
TRI-CYCLE PRODUCT DESIGN, INC. SOCOM 01-001Composite, Stuff-Proof Windshield and Lightweight Pilothouse Assembly

Abstract

The offerer proposes to design a fully responsive, Stuff-Proof Pilothouse Modification (SPPM), to the MK V Special Operations Craft. Utilizing a proven design methodology, advanced materials, and innovative engineering, a retro-fit to the existing deck structure will be defined. A "transition fitting" to mate the new pilothouse to the MK V's structure, and an innovative windscreen and pilothouse design, utilizing advanced material and configuration options that best suit SOCOM's stated critical characteristics of strength versus weight versus modularity, will be demonstrated. Finally, the design team will launch an investigation of techniques and strategies for innovative stowage of the electronics arch with its myriad antennae and antenna structures.The effort will ostensively provide for SPPM retro-fit of all of SOCOM's Mk V's currently operating with the Special Boat Squadrons. The effort will also provide naval designers with techniques to avoid stuff-proofing issues in future SOC designs. The materials, configurations and flexibility will further benefit the small to medium size boat industry by providing lighterweight, extremely strong and durable superstructures. Finally, innovations anticipated from the design options for the stowable electronics arch may enable production of less expensive antennas and promote new marine applications of COTS electronics.

Contact Info

43 Buena Vista Street, Suite 308
Ayer, MA 01432
FOSTER-MILLER, INC. SOCOM 01-001 Composite Pilothouse for the Mark V Special Operations Craft

Abstract

MK V SOC service failures have occurred where the windshield and entire pilothouse assembly have collapsed on wave impact. Such failures have even occurred at moderate speeds in fairly benign seas. The modular pilothouse can also suffer from structural degradation due to the disassembly operations required for C-5 transport. A composite pilothouse, with fully integrated windshields panels and modular aft enclosure options, has the potential to substantially improve the operational performance of the Mark V Special Operations Craft (MK V SOC). The Foster-Miller team will provide a strong, durable integrated structure with multiple novel options discussed herein. Foster-Miller will team with Friede Goldman Halter (FGH) and Structural Composites, Inc. (SCI) to design and implement an all-composite pilothouse for the MK V SOC. The proposed program will pursue development of a complete conceptual design for the composite pilothouse and initial testing of key design features. Foster-Miller will lead the overall composite design and address windshield integration, joining and integrated electronics issues. Friede Goldman Halter will provide expertise in the current design and performance requirements along with operational experience. Structural Composites brings strong expertise in large composite structures fabrication, particularly in U.S. Navy and commercial boat applications. (P-01404) The proposed program will directly benefit the MK V SOC with integration of a stuff proof pilothouse system in the near term. The overall technology development will support ongoing integration of composites in shipboard applications for the military while also enabling improved durability and performance in the commercial and recreational boating industry.

Contact Info

350 Second Ave.
Waltham, MA 02451
K+P AGILE, INC. SOCOM 01-001 Composite, Stuff-Proof Windshield and Lightweight Pilothouse Assembly

Abstract

In this Phase I SBIR Program, K+P Agile will develop a high strength, lightweight, modular, composite windshield structure for the MK V Special Operations Craft (SOC) that will not fail when the craft passes through a wave (or "stuffs") at speeds up to 50 knots. The new structure will be a modular, removable lightweight composite pilothouse assembly to replace current metal, glass and fabric structure that now includes the windshield, aluminum overhead, fabric/plastic covering materials, and aluminum arch. The new structure will also include embedded/telescoping sensors/antennae to mask the craft's capabilities while reducing RCS signature. The current MK V SOC windshield structure fails when the boat stuffs into a wave at high speed, is heavy, has numerous weak/leak points, and the fabric coverings do not provide a water tight enclosure. The new structure will permit effective heating and air conditioning of the entire pilothouse assembly and provide better protection of personnel. In Phase I we will design and build a scale prototype of the composite, stuff-proof windshield and lightweight pilothouse assembly using innovative composite materials and high-strength/lightweight design elements, as well as novel manufacturing approaches. In Phase II we will develop and test prototype(s) in operationally representative scenarios/configurations. COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL: The design and supporting technologies would be applicable to all craft that operate in open seas, military or commercial. Embedded antennae and/or sensors would have potential for pleasure craft. The system evolving from this SBIR would be implemented via retro-fit, which is also how commercialization could occur (i.e., retrofit commercial or pleasure-craft with high-performance/lightweight crew and passenger compartment covers).

Contact Info

1950 North Washington Street
Naperville, IL 60563
IDOLON TECHNOLOGIES SOCOM 01-002Clandestine Marker System

Abstract

The requirement for an inexpensive portable tagging system arises from the need to tag and track U.S. military assets. The object of the Phase 1 is to determine the feasibility of a clandestine barcode-like device, which has low energy/power requirements. This device will have a simple user interface and rugged construction. It is a further objective to demonstrate the feasibiilty of a "smart marker" system that is able to automatically record asset movement, for example, when military equipment enters and leaves a facility. The aim of the proposed program is to build a prototype unit and evaluate it under a variety of realistic operational scenarios.The results of this work are expected to be a marker capable of tagging and tracking many different types of assets. The application of this device will include law-enforcement and it will also have applications in shipping, and production plant control.

Contact Info

72 Stone Place
Melrose, MA 02176
PHOTON-X, INC. SOCOM 01-002 Passive Optical Bar Code Tagging, Tracking and Identification

Abstract

Photon-X team offers an innovative technique to passively or actively tag military troops, military vehicles, military assets and or undercover clandestine operational codes, which are undetectable by the human eye or conventional sensors. Photon-X has developed a patent pending sensor technology called spatial phase, which has demonstrated initial proof of concept for imaging, tracking multi-level transparent bar code tags. Spatial phase technology 1) creates an invisible multi-level optical bar code tag 2) is a portable sensor system for real-time identification of tags, 3) incorporates commercial-off-the-shelf camera technology and 4) uses easy to install bar codes. Spatial phase can be used for automated tracking and inventory of military assets as well as encrypted bar codes for clandestine operations. Spatial phase technology has also been proven to be invariant to lighting changes and has shadow penetration capabilities, where subjects who are hiding in shadows will now be detected. Photon-X has patents pending for this technology and has formed a commercial spin-off company called Sport-X to rapidly develop this tagging technology for Sports tracking/broadcasting and enhanced interactive computer animation. The Photon-X team will demonstrate during this phase I effort the feasibility of using our patent pending spatial phase tagging technology for SOCOM applications.Photon-X has spun-off a commercial venture (Sport-X) dedicated to developing a tagging, tracking and identification optical bar code system to be used in the Sports and interactive gaming markets. The Sport-X mission is to develop non-intrusive tags which can be easily placed on athletes and other sports gear to track these tags for real-time analysis of the players performance, fatigue, weaknesses, etc., this can be used by coaches or by broadcasters as sports commentary. Sport-X has estimated the sports training and player performance market to be several billion for each of the major sports, such as, Football, Baseball, Soccer and Basketball. The computer animation is when each of these passive non-intrusive tags are placed on the joints and the motion of these tags are recorded real-time and the 3D coordinates are transmitted by TCP/IP back to central base station for real life movement of animated scenes. The invention of new sensors continues to add new dimensions to the way humans "see" the world around them. New commercial markets will open up as the sensors become available this SBIR will help us accelerate the development of the technology and offer new potential markets for the technology.

Contact Info

102A Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
MARINE TURBINE TECHNOLOGIES, LLC SOCOM 01-003Application of Turbine Engines in Naval Special Warfare (NSW) Craft

Abstract

The objective is to modify and test gas turbine engines presently installed in/on marine craft to demonstrate that by adapting technology used on street legal vehicles can be used to reduce the heat and noise levels in marine craft. Whether or not the IR 15dB level or lower, and the above water acoustic/noise level to 60dB level or lower can be achieved, is a matter that can only be demostrated by adapting technology used in both helicopters and ground vehicles to marine engine installations and testing to prove the results. It will also demostrate that proposed remedies do not degrade engine performance and reliablity below acceptable limits for the intended use. The adaptation and installation of gas turbines in marine and industrial units advantages in horsepower to weight and overall size makes them extremely desirable in most all marine applications. The issues of sound attenuation and heat signature are relative to the particular installations. In some cases our customers want the exclusive sound a turbine makes, because of the attention it attracts, wereas our commercial customers typically require a more conservative approach. Ferry operators routinely operate from fixed based locations in and around high traffic areas; the engines are normally run continuouslu during loading and unloading. The impact of noise and heat are two concerns that have been dealt with in various forms depending on the vessels configuration. Given the increased size of these craft MTT can utilize several of the proposed systems we intend to use in our Phase 1 proposal, space is often the limiting factor in achieving optimum levels. The other areas that hold great potiental are police operations such as DEA, CIA, Customs and various covert non-military affiliations. The requirement for stealth operations is as important to these groups as NSW. MTT is currently involved in a proposed program called Project Eliminator, which is a cooperative effort to produce a 38 foot drug interdiction craft for the LA. State Police. This spec. boat is one we anticipate offering to associated agencies such as those listed above. Additionally, the technology developed through this effort will carry over into our industrial products including our portable high volume fire pumps, utilizing engines in the proposed horsepower range as required by ABS FiFi 1 and FiFi 2 classification. Current insurance requirements has mandated oilfield operators retrofit existing vessels to accommodate this new requirement. Our turbine packages offer the ability to deck mount said units in lieu of convention inboard installations making them more adaptable to existing craft. It is anticipated that 10 such units will be sold in the next 18 months. MTT currently has a FiFi 1 system in operation in the Gulf of Mexico with interest being expressed for the remainder of the projected sales listed above. In all cases the reduction of noise and IR will greatly improve the potential of this product.

Contact Info

298 Louisiana Rd, Port Of West St Mary
Franklin, LA 70538
NOESIS, INC. SOCOM 01-003 Innovative Technologies to Reduce IR and Airborne Noise Signatures Emanating from Gas Turbine Engines in Naval Special Warfare Craft

Abstract

Present Naval Special Warfare (NSW) craft are generally powered by diesel engines, which are relatively large, heavy and complex with many moving parts. And, while gas turbine engines have been examined as a compact, high-power, low-maintenance alternative, they tend to be relatively noisy and discharge large volumes of hot exhaust. Both of these characteristics are less than desirable from a detectability standpoint, and detectability is of vital importance during certain phases of many missions in which Naval Special Warfare Craft are employed. How then can these unfavorable characteristics be overcome to enable SOCOM to use the more compact, high-power, low-maintenance alternative for the NSW craft? This proposal explores innovative technologies that are currently available to reduce infra-red (IR) and airborne noise levels associated with gas turbine engines, thus reducing the ability of an enemy to detect, and once detected, to target NSW craft. Gas turbine engines also have fewer moving parts than reciprocating diesel engines and require overhaul at much longer intervals, thus serving to reduce operational costs. The proposed work will provide a design foundation for the retrofit of gas turbine engines in NSW craft, as well as the incorporation of similar technologies into future SOCOM Special Operations Craft such as the Medium Range Interdiction Craft.

Contact Info

10530 Linden Lake Plaza, Suite
Manassas, VA 20109
APPLIED MARINE TECHNOLOGIES, INC. SOCOM 01-004Tactical Simulator for Naval Special Operations Forces (SOF)

Abstract

Tactical scenarios are being combined with evolving multimedia display technologies and high performance simulators to enhance training opportunities throughout the military. To date, with the exception of the SDV-simulator, no high performance simulation tool has been developed to train Naval Special Warfare operators. This proposal demonstrates the feasibility of developing a SEAL Tactical Simulator (STS) that combines actual and hypothetical SEAL combat tactical scenarios with a high performance, multi-path simulation tool with the ability to track individual decisions, influence scenario progression, and lead to a logical conclusion based on the entire decision process. Some of the key traits that SEALs pride themselves on are flexibility and innovativeness. While there is a preferred answer to many situations, there is usually no single right answer. The simulation will be developed to permit "out of the box" thinking consistent with successful mission accomplishment. In the end, the "player" will be able to review each decision node, the consequence of his choice at each node, and then compare alternate courses of action and their relevance based on established doctrine, tactics, and historical case studies. The training value from the STS is for SEALs to experience realistic tactical situations and work through multiple decision points. Benifits: We must have the intellectual agility to conceptualize creative, useful solutions to ambiguous problems....This means training and educating people how to think, not just what to think." The STS will better prepare SEAL personnel to act and react during times of actual conflict, allowing SEAL personnel to safely rehearse their tactical decisions over and over again. By playing through a myriad of potential solutions they will hone their individual decision process and tactical judgment to a fine art, leading to a final benefit of a higher rate of mission success at a lower cost. Potential Commercial Applications: Because of the steady increase in prison populations of both State and Federal facilities as well as the increased requirement for corrections officers who are sufficiently trained to handle both day-to-day operations and crisis situations, we anticipate the introduction of training tools that will incorporate both familiarization and advanced Computer Based Training (CBT) capabilities into the standard practices of corrections facilities. AMTI also anticipates commercial growth in the areas of higher learning for management and leadership where senior management personnel are increasingly joining distance-learning programs to acquire their MBA's and Management degrees. The introduction of this technology will enhance the learning experience and provide colleges and educational institutes the opportunity to exploit reality based training environments where students can be placed in realistic management and leadership scenarios.

Contact Info

228 N. Lynnhaven Rd Suite 110
Virginia Beach, VA 23452
REALITY BY DESIGN, INC. SOCOM 01-004 SEAL Tactical Simulator

Abstract

Reality by Design, an Advanced Interactive Systems company, proposes to fuse two compelling technologies to create a training simulator that is capable of recreating these emerging threats with stunning realism. This SEAL Tactical Simulator will progress from a collection of suitable scenarios to development of tactical responses to determining the relative merits of each option. This new training system will provide the trainee with a networked virtual environment featuring high-resolution video based training scenarios. Transition between the two technologies will be smooth and seamless. Exercising both tactical and judgment skills, this simulation will provide a compelling environment complete with an immersive training station, scenario generation tools and after action review capability and it will all run on an inexpensive PC. This system will provide maximum training value at a reasonable price.Commercial potential exists for mission rehearsal of law enforcement officers, security personnel, or border patrols in dangerous, urban situations such as hostage rescue, anti-terrorist and crime-fighting activities. These applications will support distance learning and distributed simulation systems.

Contact Info

354 West Cummings Park
Woburn, MA 01801
TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, INC. SOCOM 01-006 Head-Mounted and Wrist-Mounted SOF Tactical Information Displays

Abstract

This Phase I SBIR Project will involve performance of a study to evaluate current commercial display technologies, head-mounted and wrist-mounted display configurations, and software that could fulfill the SOF requirements. The study will emphasize identification of the best display at the lowest power consumption. Based on the evaluation of current practice, innovative technology ideas will be presented to offer significant added value to and that can be embedded into portable tactical systems that are safe, reliable and economical. Accordingly, designs will be developed for Phase II for SOF Tactical Information Display (STID) to enhance personal and/or team performance through the use of tactical information assistants. The STID will have a wide appeal within the commercial sector and could be used effectively by a vast portion of military, civilian law enforcement and emergency services, as well as construction firms, the trucking industry, and other industries such as taxi companies. The STID would provide a high-resolution video interface for cellular telephones, other Personal Digital Assistants, as well as military, police, and emergency radios. These displays would permit users to view transmitted maps, location data, pictures, messages, and full motion video. It could also interface with portable CD-ROM or DVD drives to display maps, charts, pictures, full motion video, etc. It could have wide civilian applications.

Contact Info

429 West Airline Highway, Suite S
LaPlace, LA 70068
TRIDENT SYSTEMS, INC. SOCOM 01-006SOF Tactical Information Assistant

Abstract

The effectiveness of team-oriented tactical operations by SOF is greatly enhanced by the ability to tightly coordinate the actions of team members. In particular, advances in miniature commercial computer display technologies show promise for providing a powerful tool for disseminating information to team members. This display capability, coupled with advances in personal digital assistants (PDAs) for managing information and in wireless networking for disseminating that information, could be combined to form a powerful instrument for enhancing situational awareness and coordinating the activities of SOF personnel. Trident proposes to develop such a system, a SOF Tactical Information Display (STID), that combines wrist- and head-mounted miniature display devices with Bluetooth short-range wireless communications links for interfacing to other personal electronic equipment. Trident, working with Digital System Resources, Inc., will evaluate available miniature display technologies to select the best solution in terms of image quality, power consumption, and ruggedness. Trident will develop a control unit around the display that will process and format for display data received over the Bluetooth link. Trident will also develop an interface for other equipment that can be used to send data (imagery, text, sensor data, etc.) to the STID. The SOF Tactical Information Display would provide a valuable tool for providing situational awareness to battlefield personnel. The data networking capabilities of its Bluetooth interface would allow input from a wide range of personal electronics, and would support resource sharing and short-range audio communications among personnel. A display module of this type would also have utility in any number of situations requiring hands-free access to multimedia information, as well as teleconferencing and training applications.

Contact Info

10201 Lee Highway, Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
WINDERMERE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEM SOCOM 01-006 SOF Tactical Information Assistant

Abstract

This proposal provides potential solutions for the implementation of head-mounted and wrist-mounted wireless displays. This Phase I effort will identify and evaluate custom and Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) components. The SOF Tactical Information Display (STID) can be used to provide hands-free viewing of data sent from a wearable computer or PDA. .Phase I will include display evaluations as well as potential portable computer and optional accessories. Design considerations will provide the best solution with the lowest power consumption and environmental survivability. The physical size of the STID is influenced by the display selected, the wireless transmission used, ruggedness, and battery life requirements. The necessary tradeoffs will be made to provide a practical solution. Phase I determines which approach best fits the requirements of SOCOM. It will result in a detailed, in-depth, technical report identifying the risk areas, and recommending the approach(s). Components to be used in designing, fabricating and testing in the Phase II, will be presented in this report. The performance analysis and experimental results of Phase I will be detailed. An in-depth cost estimate for the Phase II development and test effort will also be provided. This program will provide improved technologies for wearable computing platforms. It will investigate existing commercial systems, identify needed technology upgrades for wireless displays, and integrate these technologies into tactical information assistants. The potential commercialization of this technology includes usage by law enforcement, military, emergency services, transportation industries, and construction firms.

Contact Info

2000 Windermere Court
Annapolis, MD 21401
CENTER FOR REMOTE SENSING, INC. SOCOM 01-007Body Worn Broadband Antenna

Abstract

Tactical data communications for military ground operations require multi-band and multi-channel operations. The constraints imposed by electromagnetic and survivability considerations dictate that the communication antenna be as low profile as possible, without severely compromising the ability of the warfighter to communicate even when operating under marginal propagation conditions. In this effort we propose novel techniques for designing ultra-wideband antennas that will exhibit satisfactory gain and impedance performance over the specified frequency bandwidth. The multiple elements of the antenna in the HF to UHF range can be used as a DF antenna. We use fractal structures for broadbanding of the elements. We propose to follow a strategy that first selects candidate antenna configurations that have the potential for broadbanding, and then apply a genetic engineering approach to loading and matching the antenna to achieve extremely wide bandwidths. We plan to produce a prototype design at the end of Phase I and to also investigate the feasibility of manufacturing the same in the follow-on effort (Phase II). The proposed scheme based on the use of the Genetic Algorithm (GA) is new and holds an excellent promise for designing ultra-wideband antennas for the warfighter. The proposed antenna will have widespread applications in various military operations, including SINCGARS, National Guards, Naval and Air Force Operations, as well as in the FAA, among others. The antenna will also satisfy the demands of wideband vehicular communications involving ISDN, spread spectrum, video, multimedia, and so on.

Contact Info

11350 Random Hills Rd., Suite 710
Fairfax, VA 22030
MEGAWAVE CORP. SOCOM 01-007Tactical Body Worn RF Antenna Vest

Abstract

This proposal describes the development of a conformal body worn antenna subsystem to be integrated into a tactical vest that is capable of operating in both an omnidirectional threat detection mode and a direction finding mode. In Phase I, the performance goals for the antenna subsystem will be established, and antenna configurations capable of meeting these objectives will be defined and analyzed both in free space and in the presence of the human body. Performance estimates including radiation pattern, gain, bandwidth and VSWR will be made using computational methods such as Finite Difference Time Domain. It is proposed to investigate designs based on the combination of impedance loading and meanderline loaded antennas (MLA) both of which have been patented. This approach will result in a low profile antenna that will have the desired 10:1 bandwidth for the initial development. Techniques for switching and combining the components of the MLA will also be examined and a preliminary prototype will be demonstrated at the end of Phase I. State-of-the art materials will be used to implement the antenna elements so that they are lightweight, extremely rugged and launderable. Body conformal VHF/UHF antenna systems that can be incorporated into military clothing will enhance mission effectiveness since they eliminate the need to stop and setup a separate antenna. Commercial benefits include antennas for multifunction wearable applications and electronic apparel.

Contact Info

PO Box 614, 200 Shrewsbury St.
Boylston, MA 01505
WAVEBAND CORP. SOCOM 01-007 Body Worn Antenna Vest

Abstract

WaveBand Corporation proposes to develop a new type of reduced size flexible or rigid antennas that can be mounted on the web gear or the vest of a tactical user. The requirements of both omni-directional and directional antennas as well as of multiband operation will be satisfied within a fractal design approach. Based on the antennas, a system for directional and direction finding operations will be designed and then fabricated and implemented in Phase II. We anticipate a possible extension of the proposed concept to combine the benefits of fractal antennas with some electronic beam steering options. Low cost reduced-size antennas have a large number of civilian and dual-use applications in the realm of RF and microwave antennas, devices, and systems for communications and signal collection needed in the broadband communications market.

Contact Info

375 Van Ness Ave, Suite 1105
Torrance, CA 90501
WINDERMERE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEM SOCOM 01-007 Tactical Body Worn RF Antenna Vest

Abstract

Tactical SOF users must currently stop moving and set up equipment to perform radio frequency (RF) detection and direction finding (DF). In response to SOCOM SBIR 01-007, this proposal seeks to permit "on-the-move", hands-free RF detection and DF by designing an antenna suitable for these purposes into common, existing web gear or protective vest. This effort will design a tactical, body worn antenna system which will support both intercept and DF applications, operating from 100 MHz to 1 GHz, with a goal to extend the operating range from 2 MHz to 40 GHz. Specifically, we propose researching alternative antenna types, and performing a detailed system design based on the results of our research coupled with substantive interaction with SOF users. Specifically, multiple antennas suitable for body worn applications will be investigated, including fractals, patches, composites, and conductible cloth. Designs suitable for both intercept and DF will be evaluated, with a goal of combining both functions into an array that can be integrated into the SPEAR vest worn by the user. Comparative analysis will be performed to determine the best overall design. Size, weight, technical performance, reliability, power consumption, cost, and ease of integration will be primary criteria for the analysis Although this system is being initially developed for SOCOM applications, commercial applications are not difficult to foresee. The extensibility of the bodyworn techniques developed in this effort to biotelemetry and wireless personal area networking are apparent as these technology areas are rapidly expanding in the commercial market. Furthermore, Windermere's past work with local and federal law enforcement suggests several applications for their mission environment. Other military services (e.g. The Army/Fort Huachaca) have expressed specific interest in the technology developed in this SBIR. Both commercial and government technical personnel working in the Technical Security and Countermeasures arena could employ a bodyworn DF antenna system to identify and locate the source of questionable emanations. Should commercial applications be pursued, bodyworn antennas and bodyworn DF systems have numerous applications, including radio frequency interference mitigation, biomedical signaling, biotelemetry, and numerous wireless personal area network (e.g. BLUETOOTH) applications. Windermere at present has commercial products, many of which have been the results of commercialization of government development efforts. These products have provided other government agencies with products, without incurring the expense of development. Windermere has numerous military and law enforcement customers who have benefited from these commercialization efforts

Contact Info

2000 Windermere Court
Annapolis, MD 21401
CANVS CORPORATION SOCOM 02-001Multi-Spectral Low-Light Imaging

Abstract

CANVS proposes a series of Color Night Vision systems be constructed during Phase-II. CANVS has a long history of experience in the field of Color Night Vision systems. Recent experiments by CANVS have provided validation for the proposed system configurations. Details of these experimental systems and their performance is covered in the CANVS technical proposal upload. Phase-I of this program will consist of detailing system level components. CANVS will create a performance model based on a combination of the system level components with accepted image intensifier modeling techniques. The resulting Color Night Vision system model performance will be compared with standard "green" night vision system performance under identical target and illumination conditions. The results of the Color Night Vision system model will then be used to refine the system configurations and form the basis for the creation of shop ready drawings at the beginning of Phase-II. At the request of various government agencies CANVS has severely limited the exposure of the CANVS technologies to commercial markets. This having been said, it has been made clear through a long series of interactions with various U.S. Government user communities that the CANVS technologies have universal appeal in the fields of close quarters combat, MOUT, surveillance, physical security, facial recognition in low light environments, and specialized medical applications. One market that CANVS has been working with very closely is the U.S. Law Enforcement, Emergency Medical, and Search & Rescue communities. It has been made abundantly clear that the CANVS Color Night Vision systems provide a substantial increase in performance over currently fielded devices. This capability will allow the use of Color Night Vision specific techniques to create a significant combat overmatch capability. The use of Color Night Vision specific illumination, marking, and IFF tagging (both passive and active) techniques combine to significantly expand the night time SOP. It is clear that the inclusion of color contrast into the field of low light level imaging provides a significantly improved core capability that has found universal acceptance as a means for expanding all current night vision operations.

Contact Info

1172 South Dixie Highway Suite
Coral Gables, FL 33146
EQUINOX CORPORATION SOCOM 02-001Multi-Spectral Intensified Night Vision

Abstract

Concepts for multispectral low-light-level imaging systems are presented along with image fusion techniques for presenting multispectral image data to an observer. Enhanced Situational Awareness, Driver Vision Enhancement

Contact Info

9 West 57th Street, Suite 1650
New York, NY 10019
I TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS SOCOM 02-001Color Sequential, Multi-Spectral Low-Light Imager

Abstract

This proposal describes a unique concept for a low light, compact image intensification system that provides multi-spectral input and output capability in contrast to the current broadband input/green output capability of conventional image intensification devices. Present image intensifiers use a broadband photocathode sensitive to visible and near-IR optical radiation and provide green imagery to the user. They have no ability to spectrally differentiate between objects in a scene. The advantages of color vision to distinguish objects in a scene are obvious and are provided in a rugged light-weight package in the system proposd herein. This next generation system uses one electronically tunable Fabry-Perot filter before and one after a conventional image intensifier tube to provide spectral information. The filters are synchronized to sequentically provide color imagey to a viewer. The other components are conventional except the green emitting phosphor is replaced by a white light emitting phosphor. The system operates at speeds sufficient to provide normal color imagery to the viewer. This system has enormous commercial potential because of its potential to provide near infrared spectral information to the user in addition to inproved night vision capability. Law enforcement, fire fighting, and other security uses for this sensor provides a large and diverse market for this sensors capability. Other potential users include the medical field and industrial applications.

Contact Info

2663 Wayside Dr.
Ann Arbor, MI 48103
LSA SOCOM 02-001 Multi-Spectral Low-Light Imaging

Abstract

Night-vision systems have significantly enhanced military operations in low-light conditions. These systems have improved greatly since their introduction; their resolution, light sensitivity, and signal-to-noise ratio have increased. However, current commercial night-vision systems produce a monochrome image on the intensifier tube screen. While these systems are extremely useful, their performance could be greatly enhanced if the color of objects could be discriminated. We propose a solution to achieve color night vision using existing intensifier technology and monolithic filters to provide color. Multistate color filters are placed in line with an image intensifier tube. The filters have a single aperture that can be switched to pass red, green, blue (RGB) wavelengths. When the wavelength passed by the filters is cycled rapidly through RGB, the human visual system perceives the images as a single, full-color image. The design has several advantages over alternative designs and is a leading candidate for a manufacturable, low-cost, color, night-vision system. Our design is solid state, i.e. has no moving parts. The filters are low-power devices that are ideal for portable, battery-operated systems. Also, our design has reduced complexity and size over multi-tube systems, making it easy to incorporate into existing night vision systems. Relevant applications are present in both military and commercial markets. The proposed device is a single-tube, lightweight, low-cost solution that can be easily incorporated into handheld or helmet-mounted binoculars and monoculars or rifle scopes. The enhanced capability of color night vision will provide immediate improvements to low-light level operations throughout the Military, Intelligence, Law Enforcement, Search and Rescue, and Fire Fighting communities. Others who would benefit from the capability include those involved in homeland security, secret service, and park service. Many other applications can also benefit from the ability to see color imagery under low light level conditions. The production devices have widespread use in non-destructive testing, preventative maintenance, medicine, forensics, commercial security, surveillance, and television. In addition, the technology can be incorporated into complex systems, such as collision avoidance systems and electro-optic seekers.

Contact Info

1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1300
Arlington, VA 22202
APPLIED SIGNAL TECHNOLOGY SOCOM 02-002Portable Wireless Monitoring Station

Abstract

With the rapid expansion of signaling technology and broad-based adoption and use of commercial communications systems (for example, cellular telephone, satellite telephone, and trunked radio) by enemy military, paramilitary, and terrorist groups, a new set of tactical situational awareness and force protection challenges must be addressed and met by deployed SOF signal surveillance teams. Applied Signal Technology, Inc. proposes to design and present a development plan for a Manpack Wireless Surveillance System specifically for use by SOF personnel for tactical wireless communications monitoring. This effort develops design for a full multi-channel cellular/PCS tactical surveillance system that uses low-power components in a very small package. The design will be leveraged from a functionally similar system. Commercial off-the-shelf subassemblies will be integrated with the leveraged development to generate a low risk design that meets SOCOM's needs. The wireless monitoring system will use a general purpose software architecture that enables simultaneous coverage of more than one signal type and allows the addition of signal processing upgrades and new signal intercept functions as they emerge. In addition to SOCOM's force protection requirement organizations involved in counter narcotics, homeland defense, counter terrorism, and investigative law enforcement drive the need for a flexible portable wireless monitoring system. The market for this system is driven by limited budgets and ever changing wireless communications protocols. Historically, a product specific to one wireless signal type was built. The cost of purchasing a product for each signal type has become prohibitively expensive for many government organizations. The number of products required to cover all possible signal types and the possibility that the target under surveillance would not be communicating on a supported signal type limited the utility of the equipment. Developing a single flexible wireless station that monitors current and future signal types removes this prohibition and provides government agencies with a cost effective solution.

Contact Info

400 West California
Sunnyvale, CA 94024
DIGITAL RECEIVER TECHNOLOGY, INC SOCOM 02-002 Portable Wireless Monitoring Station

Abstract

Special Operations Forces require a small, lightweight and environmentally rugged system to conduct tactical missions to monitor wireless communications. The system must be easy to transport and deploy, and be capable of battery and remote operation. The system must be cooled without relying on forced air techniques. The primary objective for phase I of this program is to examine in detail the technical aspects of the system architecture and generate a plan to develop the proposed system. Digital Receiver Technology (DRT) has successfully designed and produced receiving systems similar to the system specified under this proposal. Two systems, the DRT1501A and DRT1301B models, have technology directly applicable to the proposed system. The DRT1501A is a portable, battery-operated system developed for an environmentally challenging, tactical environment. The DRT1301B is a very small, lightweight, low power, battery-operated system developed for covert operations. Both systems employ an innovative mechanical design along with state-of-the-art electronics and software upgradeable architecture. In addition to applicable hardware design, DRT has developed proprietary software for the reception of the latest generation of wireless formats. The software is designed to run on standard Windows platforms and is field upgradable. One of the main benefits of this research and development effort will be the thermal design of the system. Innovative techniques must be employed to cool the electronics without utilizing fans. Fans cause reliability, environmental and operational problems for a tactical system. The thermal techniques developed under this effort may be used in other products to provide a more reliable and rugged system.

Contact Info

20250 Century Blvd, Suite 500
Germantown, MD 20874
SONETECH CORP SOCOM 02-002 Portable Wireless Monitoring Station

Abstract

The project can be described as a research effort that will result in a robust design of a next generation Portable Wireless Monitoring Station for SOF tactical users. The design will fully exploit current COTS equipment while new approaches will be developed as needed. The phase one effort is a four-month effort. The work is divided into 5 major tasks: 1) Requirements Analysis - What do the users really need?; 2) Industry Survey - What already exists to meet those needs?; 3) Engineering trades - Based on the outputs of 1 and 2, what will give the users the most for their investment; 4) Design System - Design a wireless monitoring system based on 1, 2, and 3. 5) Demonstration - Sonetech will demonstrate automatic signal classification of a target signal; 6) Design Plan - Prepare and deliver a detailed design plan for a Portable Wireless Monitoring Station. Dr. Harvey Woodsum, President and CEO will supervise all phases of work, while senior members of the technical staff will carry out the day-to-day activities associated with the task. In order to insure the successful completion of the research effort Sonetech Corporation will rely on its strong background in system design, DSP, algorithm development and signal classification. The algorithms and hardware developed during the SBIR effort could be imbedded not only in JTWS but in other similar monitoring systems as well. Further a working monitoring system that is cable of detecting and classifying and tracking threats will be in high demand by border patrol, coast guard personnel and other law enforcement agencies involved in homeland defense.

Contact Info

10 Commerce Park North, Unit 1
Bedford, NH 03110
NASCENT TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION SOCOM 02-003Control-Configured Concepts for Low Cost Air Cargo Delivery

Abstract

The objective of this proposal is to develop a low-cost air cargo delivery system that combines a very simple airframe/pallet design with a low-cost "embedded electronics" guidance system. Although various airframe possibilities will be considered, all will be UAV-type systems, guided based on feedback information rather than data acquired before the drop (using dropsondes, for instance). Our goal is to provide an alternative to winds aloft estimation, making the cost tractable through a low cost embedded avionics package (EAP) developed by MIT and commercialized by Nascent Technology Corporation (NTC). During Phase I we will show that guiding a drop vehicle using low-cost on-board electronics, rather than gathering information before a parachute drop can achieve longer range, higher accuracy and higher survivability. In addition, we hope to use very simple airframe designs to reduce cost, subsequently applying flight augmentation and automaton- based UAV guidance methods (also recently developed at MIT) to maintain performance. This proposal is for a new method for military, humanitarian, and disaster relief airdrop that is more accurate, enabling airdrop in locations previously unavailable (cities, exceedingly rough terrain, oil platforms, ship-at-sea emergencies). Cost reduction, increased accuracy, and increased survivability of airdrop are sought. In addition, successful development of a low-cost avionics system would have applications in other military sectors (UAVs, drones, ground force support), in education (low-cost flight test), and in entertainment.

Contact Info

20 Joyce Rd
Arlington, MA 02474
VERTIGO, INC. SOCOM 02-003Lightweight, Disposable Air Cargo Delivery System (LDACD)

Abstract

Special Operations units need rapid response resupply of lightweight but critical items, including ammunition, food/water, weapons and commo. Technology is advancing in the area of precision aerial delivery of cargo, but in general, current R&D for cargo delivery addresses heavier payloads (1 ton and up), requires moderate accuracy (100 m CEP) and uses high altitude release (20,000 ft) to minimize risk to the drop aircraft. While work in this area is helpful, it does not fully address the SOF need, which is for a light payload (60 lb), requires extreme accuracy (<10 m), and uses high offset release from moderate altitude to minimize risk to the drop aircraft. The proposed research will consider existing technology, along with innovative concepts, to formulate several concept definitions for evaluation against a requirements matrix. Deployable aerodynamic configurations will include small parafoil, inflatable wing, body-lift, and swing-wing. The proposed Phase I objective is to provide the government with feasible concepts for Lightweight Disposable Air Cargo Delivery (LDACD) Systems and to demonstrate a lightweight prototype of the most promising system under remote manual control. The military benefits of a lightweight disposal air cargo delivery system will be important mainly to Special Operations units of the various services, and to expeditionary forces, such as the Marines. For such users, the ability to request and to receive critical ammunition, food/water, weapons, and spares is a force multiplier, an enabler, and a lifesaver. Another potential near-term user is the Department of State for covert deliveries to embassies. In the far-term, once the technology is established as safe and reliable, it has the potential for use in package delivery, for example FedEx, with the benefits of reduced package handling and faster delivery time.

Contact Info

29885 2nd Street, Suite N, P. O. Box 117
Lake Elsinore, CA 92531
APPLIED EM INC. SOCOM 02-004 Tactical Antenna Switching and Positioning System (TASPS)

Abstract

Satellite communications has advanced remarkably and applications are now expanding rapidly, particularly in the use of very small aperture terminals (VSATs). In many instances, military forces are required to establish and maintain communications via SATCOM (using VSATs) while stationed temporarily on Navy ships. Applied EM, Inc. (AEM) proposes to design and develop a Tactical Antenna Switching and Positioning System (TASPS) that will enable continuous satellite (SATCOM) communications without accessing permanently installed Navy communications assets. AEM's design concept will provide unattended operational contact with SATCOM by utilizing spatial and polarization diversity techniques to acquire and maintain contact. Switch logic circuits integrated with dual receiver channels will automatically select the best antenna signal during periods of ship motions and signal blockage. The TASPS will include two lightweight, UHF antennas with portable electronics that can be temporarily installed at two different ship locations (possibly at port and starboard locations). The effective gain for the AEM design will be at least 9 dBic and will incorporate amplification as required to compensate for the lower gain characteristics when using omni-directional antennas. The proposed TASPS system will be both portable (in two containers) and `hardened' for shipboard environments. TASPS system could be used in a broad range of military and civilian applications where automatic RF switching and antenna tracking are necessary. Coast Guard, Drug Enforcement and Home Land Security are potential users for this technology.

Contact Info

24 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
ASTRON ANTENNA CO. SOCOM 02-004Tactical Antenna Switching and Positioning System (TASPS)

Abstract

The program objective is to design and build an inexpensive lightweight, portable, and sensitive Tactical Antenna Switching and Positioning System for UHF (240 to 320 MHz) SATCOM. It is to be designed to be carried aboard ships, installed at sometimes unpredictable locations, and placed into continuous operation with unattended operation. It is for operation over 225 to 400 MHz 100 watt operation, shipped in two cartons, each weighing not more than 60 pounds, function in an ocean environment and high winds (over 50 knots) and sea spray and fully DAMA compliant. This system could be used in a broad range of military, commercial, and paramilitary applications where automatic RF switching and antenna tracking are necessary.

Contact Info

22560 Glenn Drive, Suite 114
Sterling, VA 20164
MAGNETIC SCIENCES SOCOM 02-004 Tactical Antenna Switching and Positioning System (TASPS)

Abstract

A need exists for an inexpensive lightweight portable Tactical Antenna Switching and Positioning System to be employed on ships. The system should be capable of unattended operation, and continuous tracking of UHF geosynchronous satellites despite ship movement and periodic blockage of the satellite by the ship's superstructure. Closed-loop and open-loop tracking systems will be designed, built, and delivered to USSOCOM at the end of Phase I. This will allow test and evaluation in the field of both systems. Baseline designs are described in the proposal. Phase I R&D would improve these baselines, followed by computer programming and assembly during Phase I. The open and closed-loop systems will use the same small rugged industrial PC processor, same antennas and other hardware, but different software. The designs also build on a prior UHF SATCOM tracking antenna system developed by the offeror, which will be modified for this application. None of these systems are the same as currently used by USSOCOM. There is no interruption to the USSOCOM user's communications when it is being switched over to the other antenna. There are no mechanically moving parts; this is rugged and eliminates the effect of wind. Future work could include testing different antennas. This inexpensive lightweight portable antenna switching system will be used aboard ships and able to maintain UHF SATCOM links despite ship movement and periodic blockage by the ship's superstructure. This will obviate the need for co-use of the Navy's UFH SATCOM assets or impact the ship's vital communications systems. Similar applications also exist in other government and commercial satellite communications systems.

Contact Info

367 Arlington Street
Acton, MA 01720
SYNTONICS LLC SOCOM 02-004Tactical Antenna Switching and Positioning System (TASPS)

Abstract

To meet SOCOM's desire for an inexpensive, lightweight, autonomous UHF satcom antenna system that will operate onboard a maneuvering ship, Syntonics proposes to combine four technologies in a single system: (1) Electronically steered, phased-array flat panel antennas; (2) Integrated GPS, to facilitate signal auto-acquisition; (3) Beam dithering, to enable signal auto-tracking; (4) Signal strength comparison, to enable antenna auto-switching. This combination of four technologies will give SOCOM a user-friendly, highly automated antenna system that maximizes "up time" and minimizes user intervention. Portable satellite communications systems have become ubiquitous and the market for user-friendly satellite antenna systems is growing. The TASPS technology will directly appeal to any DOD user of portable SATCOM radios with intermittent blockages, such as arise onboard a maneuvering ship. Civilian agency users (e.g., Drug Enforcement Agency) who occasionally operate aboard ships also represent potential users of this technology. More significantly for commercialization, a one-antenna version of TASPS will appeal to mobile land-based users of SATCOM. Most land-based SATCOM antennas have no tracking ability, so a user must setup and remain stationary while communicating. TASPS' auto-acquisition and auto-tracking features will enable continuous communications while "on the move."

Contact Info

9520 Bendix Road, North
Columbia, MD 21045
ADVANCED CONCEPTS, INC. SOCOM 02-006Worldwide C4I for Special Operations Forces Combatant Craft

Abstract

This Phase I SBIR Project will develop a complete set of guiding documents which shall constitue a roadmap for implementing and deploying the Worldwide C4I for Special Operations Forces Combatant Craft solution. The documentation set will include analysis and results for algorithms in the areas of data compression, and encryption schemes. The document set shall contain the following: Concept of Operations, System Architecture Plan, Communication Interfaces (Radio and Tactical Data Networks), Sub-System Interfaces (IBS, IC2S/JC2S, DCM, DDD and a conceptual Personnel Status Monitor). The roadmap will allow implementation of a system that will provide data aggregation, prioritization, and dissemination amongst multiple systems internal to the platform and external systems via components comprised of Tactical Radio Networks (e.g. JTRS components, AN/PRC-117F) and Tactical Data Links (e.g. Link-11, Link-16). Benefits of this solution include the reduction of non-essential information that the operators and team members must process, and greatly enhanced situational awareness capability for the platform and command structure. Platform elements will be able to receive real-time data from assets such as Joint Stars or Rivet Joint via the Tactical Data Links as well as command updates via the Tactical Radio Networks. The command structure can receive platform situational awareness information to include the battlespace (sensor feeds, asset positions), the platform performance(power plant data, fuel level), and personnel status (Personnel Monitor when available). Commercial Applications include providing the information dissemination control for public first responders (Law Enforcement, Fire, Emergency), commercial marine vessels, heavy equipment, sport platforms (boat and car), and the custom coach market.

Contact Info

158 W. Johnstown Rd.
Gahanna, OH 43230
INNOVATIVE CONCEPTS, INC. SOCOM 02-006Worldwide C4I for Special Operations Forces Combatant Craft

Abstract

Special Operations Command wants to employ innovative, secure systems to enable real time communications with Special Forces Operations Combatant Craft deployed anywhere in the world. Communication structure must have sufficient bandwidth to enable command structure decision making, to monitor craft and personnel status, and to enable real-time failure analysis and in some cases, correction of deficiencies that critically impact mission performance. In addition to collecting and transmitting information from the IBS, Innovative Concepts proposes to deploy a system of secure communications using IDM TechnologyT on board the combatant craft that would increase situational awareness by incorporating data from remote locations such as video imagery, AWACS input, UAV data, and other real-time data available to the command structure. Once the protocol becomes a commercial standard, it could be applied to hundreds, if not thousands, of uses in the mobile wireless business. Innovative Concepts would continue development of the concept in our area of expertise, seamless mobile connectivity. Any entity that needs to move fast, in and out of networks, without having to worry about connectivity would benefit from this effort. Military, government, and civilian agencies involved in law enforcement, recovery operations or other types of activities requiring secure, reliable, mobile communications would benefit.

Contact Info

8200 Greensboro Drive, Suite 800
Mclean, VA 22102
TECHNO-SCIENCES, INC. SOCOM 02-006 Covert Communications System for SOCOM Combat Craft

Abstract

The purpose of this project is to provide technology for local and global communication with SOCOM combat craft. Specific communication protocols will be designed to optimize the tradeoffs among security, bandwidth, and error rate. The starting point will be our work on frequency hopped protocols for integrated voice-data transmission. Communications functions will be integrated into the TSi Trident Bridge Data Manager (BDM) system. The BDM includes communications functions together with on-board systems for data acquistion, cameras, night vision, and other sensors (engine order, turbo-charger RPM, etc.) for ship data, GPS based position determination, and wireless distress signaling for use in emergencies. The Trident BDM uses satellite transceivers for sending data from a ship to the Trident Command Center (TCC) and for receiving command signals from the TCC. In the proposed project TSi will adapt and enhance the Trident BDM technology package to provide a communications interface to the SOCOM IBS. All data transmissions will be encrypted. Functions will be provided to manage communications links. Local transmissions will be based on FH spread-spectrum technology. Using COTS satellite transceivers and Army tactical radio networks, the system can be tested in Phase I, and an effective operational system delivered in Phase II. The Trident technology is already in commercial use. The secure communications functions developed in this project will substantially increase the value of the Trident system, and permit us to greatly expand the Trident business base. Secure, networked radio communications will find wide application in law enforcement, SWAT, and related applications.

Contact Info

10001 Derekwood Lane, Suite 204
Lanham, MD 20706
CREARE, INC. SOCOM 02-007A Posture Awareness Training Suit

Abstract

Special forces personnel are often subjected to physically abusive conditions during transit to and from operation sites. At best, these conditions result in accelerated fatigue and reduced mission performance, and at worst, in injuries such as muscle strain or stress fractures. It is our hypothesis that by maintaining optimal body postures during transit, the net shock levels on muscles and bones can be reduced, as well as better dissipated, thereby reducing the risks of injury and fatigue. The primary objectives of the proposed work are twofold: (1) develop a full-body motion recording suit that monitors the three-dimensional shock stress at critical locations on the body; and (2) minimize fatigue and injury by providing training and real-time biofeedback to the individual to encourage advantageous body posturing. Our approach is to incorporate tri-axial accelerometers to measure shock, miniature low-power data acquisition hardware and software to record and store the shock data, wireless telemetry to simplify interface with a shore based computer for off line analysis, and real-time biofeedback to the user. Our eventual goal is to integrate this entire system into existing warfare gear, minimizing the additional logistics and physical constraints that would result from additional garments. There are two primary beneficial outcomes of this technology, both related to the reduction of fatigue and injuries associated with high-impact activities. The first is the capability for measuring and recording full-body shock characteristics in physically abusive environments, and the second is the capability for better understanding how to reduce the associated risks for injury or fatigue. This technology will improve training for equipment operation, downhill skiing, running, motor sports, etc.

Contact Info

P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
QUALVOX CORP. SOCOM 02-007 Special Operations Forces Combatant Motion Recording and Biofeedback

Abstract

Qualvox's FreeMotion Trainer will integrate advances in accelerometers, magneto-resistive sensors, rechargeable battery technology, low-power processors, and high-density memory devices roviding a motion analysis system with superior performance, reliability and usefulness. The system will consist of: sixteen sensor modules located on target body segments and one processor board all packaged in a low-profile bodysuit. The FreeMotion Trainer's high sampling rates and long record times will allow new insight into human motion in many different applications. A key innovation enabling these capabilities is our adaptive sample rate algorithm that will automatically switch to a high sample rate when impact threats are exhibited, thereby preserving the operational battery life and memory resources for longer periods. The combination of these technologies will provide a system that has a maximum sample rate of 2000 Hz and a continuous operational life of 24 hours at a minimum sample rate of 60 Hz. The FreeMotion Trainer will have a number of applications, such as sports medicine, sports equipment development, insurance, occupational and physical therapy, fraud detection in worker's compensation claims, automotive crash research and pain and suffering measurement for personal injury suits. For example, the sensor suit and biofeedback system could potentially be used in the study of occupational injuries due to strenuous lifting and other manual material handling tasks. Many companies and government agencies (OSHA, NIOSH, MSHA, Workers' Compensation Commissions, etc.) would have great interest in such a system that would reduce the frequency and severity of musculoskeletal injuries attributable to strenuous and highly dynamic physical tasks in the workplace. This technology also has applications in other government and department of defense applications, such as combatant performance and vital statistics monitoring, astronaut monitoring, robotic control through biometric modeling, real-time robot control, NASA research and military training. The FreeMotion Trainer will also be applicable in the field of computer human interaction with virtual training simulators. FreeMotion will provide greater interaction and reduced burden on trainees participating in virtual training scenarios.

Contact Info

503 1/2 6th Street, Ste. 5
Rapid City, SD 57701
ORBITAL RESEARCH, INC. SOCOM 02-008A Low Profile, Horizontal Waterjet for Combatant Craft Signature Reduction

Abstract

Propulsion systems aboard current SOCOM Combatant Craft utilize propulsor systems that produce large wake forms, such as rooster tail. Large wake forms exaggerate the true visible and radar cross section of the Combatant Craft and thus increase probability for detection by littoral sensor and radar systems. Common propulsor designs, which originated from the commercial and recreational industries, are not ideal for military operations that require a high degree of concealment. High profile waterjet wake forms can potentially compromise mission objectives. Orbital Research proposes a novel nozzle design that can be readily adapted to existing SOCOM watercraft propulsors to significantly reduce visible and radar signatures. This unique nozzle concept will reduce wake side profile by nearly 50% without losses in thrust or watercraft performance. In the Phase I, Orbital Research will conduct actual water tests on the proposed nozzle designs. In addition, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations will be perfomed to optimize internal geometry for proper mixing and flow behavior. Thrust, waterjet impingement, and signature reduction will be quantifed from both experimental and CFD data. Several combatant craft, such as the MK V Special Operations Craft, the Rigid Inflatable Boats, and the Riverine, are currently in need of advanced propulsor designs, create a potential market for this specialized propulsor system. Other applications may include reduced wake for ships near shorelines or structures.

Contact Info

673G, Alpha Drive
Cleveland, OH 44143
ARGON ENGINEERING ASSOC., INC. SOCOM 02-009 ANALOG/VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS LINK

Abstract

Argon Engineering proposes to design a family of low probability of intercept/detection (LPI/LPD) data links capable of conveying analog (voice) and data (video and sensor data) in line-of-site (LOS) and over the horizon (OTH) modes for Special Operating Forces (SOF) tactical users using Joint Threat Warning System (JTWS) radios. Argon Engineering intends to research and design novel software definable transceiver and computer architectures based on the next generation of Digital Receiver Technology, Inc. (DRT) technologies augmented with Compact PCI (cPCI) Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) /PowerPC processors. These architectures will permit the innovative incorporation of both the sensor and communications link in one device and will provide processing power needed to generate LPI/D communications via wideband featureless waveforms. Argon Engineering envisions multiple opportunities for commercializing the communications links developed under this SBIR. The immediate opportunities for commercialization involve other government agencies that have similar needs for LPI communications.

Contact Info

12701 Fair Lakes Circle
Fairfax, VA 22033
ENGENIUM TECHNOLOGIES, INC. SOCOM 02-009ANALOG/VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS LINK

Abstract

Contact Info

4220 Eagles Wing Ct.
Ellicott City, MD 21042
NOMADICS, INC. SOCOM 02-009Research for Mobile Communications for the Modern Warfighter

Abstract

To be effective, communications used by warfighters must be able to reach its destination without detection or interception by hostile forces. The system must provide multiple modes of operations that can be easily changed to support different operational arenas and to adapt their communications methods to external threats. Nomadics proposes to design such a system, ready for integration into Joint Component and Architecture and Framework (JCAF) and Joint Threat Warning System (JTWS) equipment. Nomadics will recommend in a supportable-fashion two wireless communication methods that meet the requirements for the Phase I topic request and that will be applicable for the Phase II follow-on development. A critical Phase I task will be the research and recommendation of a flexible, configurable, and upgradeable Radio Independent Interface (RII). Additionally, we intend to evaluate several different communication methods and construct a video compression feasibility system to simulate a point-to-point connection between two personnel transceiver devices to prove the feasibility of video at the bandwidth, latency, and error insertion rate provided by the devices. The proposed system will provide substantially reduced probability of detection and interception that will greatly benefit US and allied warfighters. Further, these enhancements will be beneficial to law enforcement and emergency response personnel. In the private sector, industrial users who wish to use wireless communications that are secure enough to protect proprietary and company confidential information or privacy-sensitive information such as medical records will also be eager to adopt such a system.

Contact Info

1024 S. Innovation Way
Stillwater, OK 74074
WINDERMERE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS SOCOM 02-009ANALOG/VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS LINK

Abstract

This proposal provides potential solutions for the implementation of an inexpensive, rugged, low power tactical data/communication link. This Phase I effort will identify and evaluate custom and Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) components. The Analog/Video Communications Link can be used by fielded soldiers for data/voice transfer to fellow soldiers or as a link for gathering data from remotely located sensors. Phase I will include detailed research of low probability of intercept/detection (LPI/LPD) transmission types. Design considerations will provide the best solution for short and long haul configurations. The use of audio/video compression will be explored to provide a link that is adaptable to data requirements. The necessary tradeoffs will be made to provide a practical solution. Phase I determines which approach best fits the requirements of SOCOM. It will result in a detailed, in-depth, technical report identifying the risk areas, and recommending the approach(s). Components to be used in designing, fabricating and testing in the Phase II, will be presented in this report. The performance analysis and experimental results of Phase I will be detailed. Products resulting from this research and development will provide more reliable and efficient LPI/LPD radio links that will have widespread use in the future digital battlefield environments, commercial wireless local area networks, and third and fourth generation (3G & 4G) data services. As the bandwidth needs of critical video, voice, and data accelerate and communications conditions become evermore challenging incorporating an adaptable baseband waveform in a software configurable platform will provide the ability to communicate without detection or intercept for military operations and around the wireless channel interference for both military and commercial applications providing more reliable and efficient wireless links. Environments plagued by uncontrollable RF interference - including the battlefield, office buildings, factory floors, airports, and hospitals - will be able to "tune" their radio equipment to better bypass these impediments.

Contact Info

2000 Windermere Court
Annapolis, MD 21401
HERRICK TECHNOLOGY LABORATORIES, INC. SOCOM 02-010 Development of Frequency Hopper/DSSS Detection Algorithms

Abstract

Development of detection and demodulation algorithms for selected DS spread spectrum emitters and perform laboratory testing of the algorithm against a simulated operational environment. Development of a software solution to the threat signals currently only addressed with special purpose hardware. Incorporation planned into the DRT family of hardware receivers.

Contact Info

47 Constitution Drive
Bedford, NH 03110
RADIX TECHNOLOGIES, INC. SOCOM 02-010Frequency Hopper/DSSS Detection

Abstract

Advances in spread spectrum communications systems have provided military and other users with readily available low-probability-of-intercept transceivers for secure, clandestine communications. The use of these systems may constitute a threat to Special Operations Forces. These forces need a system to detect, identify, locate, and copy modern LPI communication emitters to counter this threat. The system must be capable of deployment with ground forces, in maritime operations, in a support role on aircraft, or left behind for remote operation. Radix proposes to design an effective search system for threat LPI emitters to satisfy this need in a rugged, low power, small form factor, 100% COTS hardware architecture. The proposed system architecture uses the DRT receiver family. Radix algorithms, which have successfully operated against LPI signals on other programs, are integrated on COTS hardware processing nodes in a flexible, reconfigurable firmware/software design compatible with the JCAF. The processing nodes are specifically structured to expedite upgrades for signal variants or new signal types, to be scaleable by adding additional nodes in a larger receiver configuration, and to take advantage of technology upgrades as higher capacity programmable devices and faster processors become available. The primary opportunity for this technology is initially with the US military. Since the processing is sophisticated enough to allow operations in high density environments, the technology can be deployed in high altitude aircraft as well as in the air, maritime, and land tactical missions addressed in this proposal. The modularity necessary to scale the processing for signal density, SOI type, and bandwidth coverage allows a wide range of military applications. Use of standards-based hardware interfaces and JCAF software principles to aid platform and operating system independence provides the flexibility to fit into a variety of surveillance products by other vendors.

Contact Info

329 North Bernardo Avenue
Mountain View, CA 94043
TECHNOLOGY SERVICE CORP. SOCOM 02-010Frequency Hopper/DSSS Detection

Abstract

Modern low-probability of intercept (LPI) signals, such as spread spectrum frequency hopping and direct sequence coded waveforms (FHSS/DSSS), typified by wireless cell phone, IEEE 802.11, and Bluetooth signals, pose a serious challenge to conventional signal interceptors. Since Special Operations Forces (SOF) must continuously monitor such signals in a variety of tactical situations worldwide, novel new techniques are required to detect and identify such signals. TSC developed the concept of a Delay-Multiply Detector (DMD) interceptor, which it will adopt to the spread spectrum communications signal detection/identification problem. The DMD interceptor acts on digital data provided by a Digital Receiver Technology (DRT) family receiver, compliant with JTWS/JCAF requirements. During Phase I TSC, with the aid of SwRI, will survey the characteristics of FHSS and DSSS as well as other threat wideband signals employed worldwide, identify appropriate parameters for the DMD interceptor, and demonstrate its feasibility. Using simulation tools, we will estimate the interceptor's detection and identification performance, and design a preliminary Phase II demonstration test approach. Our goal is to fabricate the DMD interceptor in Phase II in C-PCI format, supplemented with post-processing algorithms resident in the receiver's host computer. Fitting the processing in a PCMCIA format will require subsequent miniaturizations efforts. It is anticipated that a direct benefit of this effort will be an enhanced intercept receiver, providing spread spectrum signal intercept capabilities to existing (or planned) operational SOF suites, both for the tactical and strategic (i.e., ELINT) environment, maximizing their ability to detect, analyze, and identify LPI waveforms. The developed technology will also result in a robust method for detecting other LPI emissions. As such, it may have commercial utility in such fields as ship collision avoidance, by detecting marine radar signals, and in other communications and radar applications.

Contact Info

11400 West Olympic Blvd., Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90064
VERTEX ENGINEERING, INC. SOCOM 02-010Frequency Hopper/DSSS Detection

Abstract

Currently SOF tactical users lack a software package that permit them to monitor spread spectrum signals. In this effort Vertex will reserach all current variants of Frequency Hopper Spread Spectrum and Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum used worldwide and design algorithms that will detect and identify these systems. Further will Vertex as a goal of the effort Vertex will design algorithms to demodulate these signals. Vertex will further design detailed algorithms for the exploitation of one particular variant. Vertex will also determine the technology requirements to implement a system in the JTWS to exploit these signals. This effort - when carried through Phase III - will result in a commerical software package that will operate "plug-and-play" in the JTWS to exploit these signals. It will also result in a spin off for software packages that can be used in the exploitation of wideband signals in general. There is clearly commerical applications to the military. There is also applications to non military users such as law enforcement.

Contact Info

PO Box 815
Brooksville, FL 35605
ASTRON ANTENNA CO. SOCOM 02-011 HF to UHF Camouflaged Antenna

Abstract

Research, design, and build a family of rugged inexpensive tactical antennas for deployed SOF personnel in two versions: one as a tent and the other as camouflage netting. Latest in antenna technologies to design a series of transparent antennas that can receive HF up to at least UHF (2 to 3000 MHz would cover the full UHF band). Both omni-directional and directional antennas are to be considered. This system is designed primiarly for military tactical operation but it will also have applications with law enforcement agencies, with some of these antennas for use in wireless/PCS base stations.

Contact Info

22560 Glenn Drive, Suite 114
Sterling, VA 20164
AVTEC SYSTEMS, INC. SOCOM 02-011HF to UHF Camouflaged Antenna

Abstract

Avtec views this SOCOM program as an RF systems development program, more than just an antenna development program. The family of antennas developed under this program must work with a wide range of communications systems, and also provide a wide range of functionality (communications reception and transmission over a broad frequency range with multiple radio systems, provide omni and directional coverage, and potential use as a DF system). The Avtec Team proposes to develop the design concepts for a family of affordable integrated antenna products into Special Forces tents and camouflage netting. This initial design will operate over the HF to UHF bands in receive, and will have a transmit capability of up to 100 watts at HF. These design concepts will allow the tent and netting structures to function as stand alone, or operate in series or parallel to obtain increased gain performance. These concepts will also allow both omni and directional performance, depending on deployed configuration geometries. The initial design concepts will be developed in a way to allow for potential future performance enhancements, to include frequency extension into the GHz range, and to accommodate a DF capability. We will look at both new and retrofitable production options. The benefits of a successful development of antennas in this class would (1) reduce the amount of separate equipment needed to deploy to the field (i.e., antennas and nets/tents), (2) reduce potential force detection vulnerabilities by having to expose separate structures in an exposed environment, and (3) a possible increase in performance depending on the arrayed construction of the equipment. These products will have immediate and direct application for the Special Operating Forces (SOF), both domestic and foreign (NATO forces and US allies). There may also be a market for these products in non-DoD applications such as Search and Rescue, and remote Forestry operations.

Contact Info

10530 Rosehaven Street, Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
WINDERMERE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMSSOCOM 02-011HF to UHF Camouflaged Antenna

Abstract

The highly dynamic and unpredictable nature of today's military missions and terrorist threats is a tremendous challenge and source of vulnerability for the modern SOF war fighter. Providing timely and accurate information to the war fighter is exacerbated by the ever-evolving landscape of signals, transmitters, and unique operational settings. The Windermere Group, a small business based in Maryland, has teamed with Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) to develop an expandable, flexible, and innovative HF to UHF Camouflaged antenna and netting configuration. As such, our team will research, design, and build a prototype rugged, inexpensive, tactical antenna for deployed SOF personnel in three different HF to UHF Camouflaged versions: 1. Tent Version 2. Camouflage Netting Version 3. Tent/Netting version with 100W HF transmitter A final report will be written detailing the preferred designs for both the Tent and Camouflaged Netting configurations, as well as providing the detailed results from the modeling and simulation efforts. Although this system is being initially developed for SOCOM applications, commercial applications are not difficult to foresee. The extensibility of the techniques developed in this effort to mobile communications and wireless personal area networking are apparent as these technology areas are rapidly expanding in the commercial market. Furthermore, Windermere's past work with local and federal law enforcement suggests several applications for their mission environment. Both commercial and government systems have applications that would benefit from the infrastructure of a system incorporating the antennas required for their communications systems. Other military services would also have applications that could leverage these ideas, such as those that employ networked wireless systems. Windermere at present has commercial products, many of which have been the results of the commercialization of government development efforts. These efforts have provided other government agencies with products without incurring the expense of development. Windermere has numerous military and law enforcement customers who have benefited from these commercialization efforts.

Contact Info

2000 Windermere Court
Annapolis, MD 21401
ARGON ENGINEERING ASSOC., INC. SOCOM 02-012Threat Warning Software

Abstract

Argon Engineering Associates proposes to create a prototype threat warning visualization that integrates key features of signal threat characteristics into a battlefield and Geographic Information System intensive environment. This is accomplished during an iterative approach during Phase I with the establishment of a visualization laboratory for Human-Computer Interface (HCI) evaluation. By rigorously applying object oriented methodologies, Argon Engineering will develop the threat warning software as a suite of tools and applications that can be easily integrated. The applications will be developed using the JAVA programming language where possible and packaged into JAVA Beans and/or CORBA objects to facilitate use in heterogeneous distributed computing environments. COTS and GOTS utilities will be incorporated where applicable to leverage existing software resources.

Contact Info

12701 Fair Lakes Circle
Fairfax, VA 22033
CUSTOM MANUFACTURING & ENGINEERING, INC. SOCOM 02-012 Threat Warning Software

Abstract

The Special Operation Forces (SOF) Threat Warning Software (TWS) will provide the SOF operator with the capability to rapidly detect, identify, receive alarms, and display the active emitters within his sphere of influence via emitter identification, direction finding (DF), and battlefield mapping functions integrated into a single user interface and display software. Furthermore, SOFTWS will provide SOF leaders with the capability to perform Electronic Surveillance (ES) within their sphere of influence with the data collected by the threat warning receivers? data utilized by his operators. Utilizing TWS the SOF Commander will be capable of collecting threat warning and ED into a TWS for analysis and dissemination to other DOD systems. TWS will provide the SOF operator with advanced individual, mission element, organization and Joint Task Force threat warning, enhance situational awareness, Electronic Surveillance, and data for Signal Intelligence and Information Operations/Warfare. During Phase I, CME will conduct research on target identification technologies and the latest in smart software, and prepare an assessment report different alternative approaches that could be used to meet SOF requirements. A threat warning software approach and design for the JTWS will be developed. By the end of Phase 1, CME will demonstrate a TWS prototype with DF and mapping capabilities. SOF tactical users will be able to employ a dynamic, open architecture software package on PCs or PDA?s that will give Special Forces a smart threat warning capability with the ability to easily integrate multiple receiver inputs in a plug-and-play manner. The TWS developed under this project will especially enhance SOF?s real-time situational awareness of localized threat emitters and enable SOF teams to rapidly detect, avoid, or attack these threats while hidden or on the move. Product spinoffs will be possible through the development of more JCAF compliant applications.

Contact Info

2904 44th Avenue North
St. Petersburg, FL 33714
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS CORP. SOCOM 02-012 Threat Warning Software

Abstract

ITAC will research, design and demonstrate (RD&D) the next generation JTWS software as the basis for future SOF technology advancement. Today's SOF tactical users lack dynamic software for smart threat warning and intelligence gathering capabilities to save lives and improve mission effectiveness. Our innovative software approach will be JCAF compliant, provide DRT and other intercept receiver interfaces, and incorporate advanced GIS displays and applications. The design will evolve from ITAC's proven and tactically relevant Intelligent Communications Exploitation (ICE) capability will be compatible with system configurations that employ PCI and PCMCIA technologies. Phase I RD&D will focus on the latest software technologies that incorporate intuitive user interfaces, graphic maps, overlay DF threat locations, present best cognitive situational awareness, and predict future events and activities. Benefits include capabilities for detecting, identifying, and locating friend and foe, linking maps, geo-registered imagery and UAV video to friendly and enemy elements, provide processing and exploitation speeds that provide "in-time" threat warning and archived data for post mission exploitation, reporting and replanning. In Phase I and during subsequent SBIR Phases, ITAC will place importance on technology advancement through spiral development and technology transition to suppliers and users within the commercial community. A successful Phase I will result in the integration and enhancement of legacy software and the development of preliminary algorithms and support databases for the three primary TWS baseline functions of: a) tasking and pre-mission planning, b) mission execution and c) post mission exploitation and reporting. Our goal is to use spiral technology integration and development techniques to ensure TWS technology advancement within the JTWS lifecycle. This will provide feasibility to more full develop the TWS mission support functions. A successful Phase I will provide the baseline component architecture and framework for evolving Phase II prototype TWS capability for demonstration in simulated and live-fly environments. Moreover, it will set the stage for considering dual-use transition capabilities for subsequent Phase III opportunities. Phase I will create a prototype which stimulates an art-of-the-possible situational awareness of the TWS operational, technical and logistic support environments. In addition to SOCOM's requirements for JTWS, there are significant opportunities with organizations involved in counter narcotics, homeland defense, counter terrorism, force protection, and investigative law enforcement. The expansion of the base capabilities of ICE and BRITEView to a general purpose, open architecture, and scalable TWS products for large scale, cost effect solutions supporting: ? Instrumentation of the US borders in support of Counter Terrorism, Counter Narcotics, Immigrations and Naturalization, Customs, etc. ? Requirements for comprehensive, transportable systems for security at major events such as the Olympics, Super Bowl, Political Conventions, the World Series, etc. ? Law Enforcement applications for Organized Crime, Gang Violence, Hostage Situations, etc. ? Harbor and Airport Security for terrorism, customs, immigration, etc. ? Limited scope systems for export ITAC's preliminary estimates of the US market conservatively exceed $100M. Export markets are more difficult to access based on current restrictions, however, they exceed the US market. A successful Phase I will result in the integration and enhancement of legacy software and the development of preliminary algorithms and support databases for the three primary TWS baseline functions of: a) tasking and pre-mission planning, b) mission execution and c) post mission exploitation and reporting. Our goal is to use spiral technology integration and development techniques to ensure TWS technology advancement within the JTWS lifecycle. This will provide feasibility to more full develop the TWS mission support functions. A successful Phase I will provide the baseline component architecture and framework for evolving Phase II prototype TWS capability for demonstration in simulated and live-fly environments. Moreover, it will set the stage for considering dual-use transition capabilities for subsequent Phase III opportunities. Phase I will create a prototype which stimulates an art-of-the-possible situational awareness of the TWS operational, technical and logistic support environments. In addition to SOCOM's requirements for JTWS, there are significant opportunities with organizations involved in counter narcotics, homeland defense, counter terrorism, force protection, and investigative law enforcement. The expansion of the base capabilities of ICE and BRITEView to a general purpose, open architecture, and scalable TWS products for large scale, cost effect solutions supporting: ? Instrumentation of the US borders in support of Counter Terrorism, Counter Narcotics, Immigrations and Naturalization, Customs, etc. ? Requirements for comprehensive, transportable systems for security at major events such as the Olympics, Super Bowl, Political Conventions, the World Series, etc. ? Law Enforcement applications for Organized Crime, Gang Violence, Hostage Situations, etc. ? Harbor and Airport Security for terrorism, customs, immigration, etc. ? Limited scope systems for export ITAC's preliminary estimates of the US market conservatively exceed $100M. Export markets are more difficult to access based on current restrictions, however, they exceed the US market. A successful Phase I will result in the integration and enhancement of legacy software and the development of preliminary algorithms and support databases for the three primary TWS baseline functions of: a) tasking and pre-mission planning, b) mission execution and c) post mission exploitation and reporting. Our goal is to use spiral technology integration and development techniques to ensure TWS technology advancement within the JTWS lifecycle. This will provide feasibility to more full develop the TWS mission support functions. A successful Phase I will provide the baseline component architecture and framework for evolving Phase II prototype TWS capability for demonstration in simulated and live-fly environments. Moreover, it will set the stage for considering dual-use transition capabilities for subsequent Phase III opportunities. Phase I will create a prototype which stimulates an art-of-the-possible situational awareness of the TWS operational, technical and logistic support environments. In addition to SOCOM's requirements for JTWS, there are significant opportunities with organizations involved in counter narcotics, homeland defense, counter terrorism, force protection, and investigative law enforcement. The expansion of the base capabilities of ICE and BRITEView to a general purpose, open architecture, and scalable TWS products for large scale, cost effect solutions supporting: ? Instrumentation of the US borders in support of Counter Terrorism, Counter Narcotics, Immigrations and Naturalization, Customs, etc. ? Requirements for comprehensive, transportable systems for security at major events such as the Olympics, Super Bowl, Political Conventions, the World Series, etc. ? Law Enforcement applications for Organized Crime, Gang Violence, Hostage Situations, etc. ? Harbor and Airport Security for terrorism, customs, immigration, etc. ? Limited scope systems for export ITAC's preliminary estimates of the US market conservatively exceed $100M. Export markets are more difficult to access based on current restrictions, however, they exceed the US market.

Contact Info

1875 Campus Commons Drive, Suite 300
Reston, VA 20191
NEXT CENTURY CORP. SOCOM 02-012 Threat Warning Software

Abstract

Next Century Corporation of Laurel, Maryland and Southwest Research Institute of San Antonio, Texas have teamed to develop a comprehensive, threat warning solution for SOF tactical users. This innovative solution integrates body-worn and other portable threat detection receivers with location and classification technology as well as advanced battlefield situation displays presented on a PDA. This powerful combination provides the warfighter with an integrated, at-a-glance, up-to-the-moment view of the battlespace that indicates his/her location, the nature and location of detected threats, and the location of other friendly forces. In addition, real-time data feeds to the PDA can incorporate GIS data, remotely sensed imagery, and other intelligence information. The proposed system approach includes a portable server that is used pre-mission to configure the PDAs with mission-specific information. During the mission, the server provides real-time information from all available sources, including information from other team members. After the mission, the server provides playback capabilities for "hotwash" and training purposes. The key innovations revolve around unique ways of aggregating and compositing information from many sources into a single, intuitive display with easy-to-use, drill-down, and navigation capabilities. The concept of using commercially available PDAs for the Threat Warning System will dramatically reduce the cost and operational utility (weight, power requirements, etc.). Potential commercial applications include real-time communications for service industry personnel and emergency response personnel.

Contact Info

8101 Sandy Spring Road
Laurel, MD 20707
APPLIED SIGNAL TECHNOLOGY SOCOM 02-013 Portable Signal Identification Training

Abstract

A unique approach to the problem of portable signal identification training (PSIT) is proposed through the use of an integrated signals database, training software, and the re-use of operator interface software. Two training scenarios are addressed: standalone training mode and transmit training mode. The proposed approach is based entirely on COTS hardware. The approach also minimizes the hardware parts count, minimizing cost and maximizing service, sparing, and re-use of necessary hardware. APSG proposes a Phase I effort to investigate and design a fully functional PSIT system for both training scenarios, and to develop a demonstration model of the first scenario. APSG will leverage its in-house wireless signal monitoring product experience, knowledge of related signals, and existing collection of signal snapshots to minimize program risk. The proposed system will provide training on a wide variety of signal types and training scenarios, and provide training on both signal characteristics and on monitoring system operation. In addition to SOCOM's force protection requirement, counter narcotics, homeland defense, counter terrorism, and investigative law enforcement drive the need for training in wireless monitoring system use and their target signals. The market need is driven by limited budgets combined with ever changing wireless communications protocols. The signals training equipment will be flexible to accept new signals, even of unanticipated types. Designing and building a flexible, extensible system will reduce the number of such systems needed and reduce the overall cost of such systems to the government, across the many agencies which stand to benefit from such a system.

Contact Info

1128 West 2400 South, Suite B
Salt Lake City, UT 84119
KLEIN & STUMP, INC. SOCOM 02-013 Portable Signal Identification Training

Abstract

The portable signal identification training is concise and technologically achievable. The Technical Objectives include the following: 1.Generate an intended use document specifying in sufficient detail how the system will be used in training in order to facilitate a high-level hardware system operability design and performance requirements specification. 2.Investigate and identify available small-footprint COTS hardware that fulfills these system operational requirements. 3.Research and identify if any signals software libraries exist, which ones are available for use in this system, and what the software interface requirements would be. 4.Identify software `look and feel' training requirements of SOCOM and associated target users. 5.Design and generate a signals' library software requirements document (SRD). 6.Specify the automated student assessment system requirements. 7.Generate a refined system interoperability document. 8.Perform any necessary preliminary system integration and testing (bread-board). 9.Finalize database design and begin coding. 10.Finalize training software design and begin coding. 11.Finalize real-time situation data, video/imagery system design, and begin coding. 12.Finalize automated student assessment system and being coding. 13.Determine the best, lowest power, easiest to use, and lowest production cost design possible. 14.Determine per system cost estimate for Phase III. Advances in technology now provide the opportunity to design, build, and use a highly flexible, portable, and realistic signals training system that can simulate virtually any signal environment. The inherent design of this system will permit it to be used effectively for all defense and national security applications and even selected wireless security applications. The system will be capable of replicating the functionality of a wide range of existing signals exploitation systems and will readily accommodate new signals and target signal scenarios as they occur. The system can be used by SOCOM in conjunction with the Joint Threat Warning System to include the Threat Warning Software. For military applications, our system could become "The Joint Threat Signal Training System" (JTSTS).

Contact Info

12000 Lincoln Drive West, Suite 107
Marlton, NJ 08053
ONTAR CORP. SOCOM 02-013Portable Signal Identification Training

Abstract

There is a need in the modern military to train soldiers in the detection and identification of RF signals such as cellular, radar, INMARSAT, military communications, etc. Currently soldiers are given what amounts to "on the job" training in signal recognition. There is no specific training system for this application. More specifically there is no system that would allow a soldier to train on these signals either in an informal setting, a formal "school house" setting, or in the field under simulated battlefield conditions. The proposed program will develop for SOCOM a system to meet the signal identification training requirements of the modern military. The proposed system will provide for informal video game-type training, formal classroom training, and transmission mode for field exercises. To proposed system will be based on the Ontar developed TENOR (Training and Education Network on Request). TENOR is a highly sophisticated Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) system, which is being implemented under an SBIR program for the US Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL/HEA), under contract F33615-01-C-6017 (Topic AF00-100, "ADL for Force Protection Training Technology"). TENOR will be the ADL training distribution media and interface for the proposed program. It leverages internet/intranet technology to deliver high quality content almost instantly to any location. The system has advantages which make it ideal for this application. The Phase I work will lay an excellent groundwork for Phase II. At the conclusion of Phase I we will deliver to the SOCOM a prototype software/hardware Signal ID Training System. We will have investigated several methodologies for distribution, retrieval, and recording training material relevant to RF signal identification, and made recommendations as to their suitability to meet the program requirements. We will have implemented an architecture for inter/intranet, wireless and handheld communication to access these materials. The Phase I system will demonstrate the following capabilities: portability; wireless (with fast access); multi-platform (desktop, handheld, pagers, cellular telephones, head mounted, etc.); security (both in the login, and data transmission and retrieval); voice interactive (voice commands, and voice transcriptions); readily adaptable to numerous signal databases; powerful processing capabilities; and use an open architecture (operating system agnostic, non-proprietary, use XML and HTML technology). The Phase I work will form the framework for the Phase II prototype system. We anticipate commercial products resulting from the proposed work. Ontar has found that there is a large commercial market for products derived from DoD research. Approximately 50% of our total corporate sales are from such products, with 45% of these sales outside the United States. These products are used by over 2500 DoD, industrial and academic institutions. Distance learning is an important part of both the civilian and military training. The proposed system will find wide applications in the basic training of electronics technicians. Ontar has a close working relationship with the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative (MTC) to identify business areas and partners. Our relationship with our subcontractor will allow us access to a large potential market.

Contact Info

9 Village Way
North Andover, MA 01845
INFORMATION SYSTEMS LABORATORIES, INC. SOCOM 03-001 Small, Low Cost Emitter Geolocation System for use by SOF Personnel

Abstract

The geolocater developed under this SBIR will be based on an existing design developed under the DARPA Wolfpack program and adapted for the SOCOM mission. It will be a modular device operating as part of a SOF tool box, and will employ a set of algorithms that can be applied to the given emitter type to produce optimum geolocation results. The best algorithm for the situation will be chosen automatically with no soldier input. ISL will analyze and develop these algorithms under this SBIR. Raytheon will be a subcontractor to ISL for this effort, and will supply the brassboard hardware for the Phase I feasibility and Phase II performance demonstrations. This hardware developed under wolfpack, and will be tailored in brassboard form for this SOCOM sponsored effort. Previous analyses and test support a geolocation accuracy of about 10 meters, which represents targeting accuracy for some weapons and has potential for improvement. The algorithms to be analyzed, evaluated, and refined under this effort include traditional and model-based time and angle of arrival (ToA, AoA) as well as amplitude comparison direction finding, model-based power only and various coherent techniques. All of these techniques benefit from location diversity, which motivates the placement of the geolocation units in widespread locations. This technology and its realization in system form has application to other DoD agencies. Interest in the DARPA Wolfpack program has been high, and a number of users should also be interested in a less complex version for geolocation only. There are other potential users at the Federal and State levels, including US Customs, the Border Patrol, The DEA and state and local law enforcement agencies. Situations where cell phone or radio location is required are all potential applications.

Contact Info

8130 Boone Blvd., Suite 500
Vienna, VA 22182
WINDERMERE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS SOCOM 03-001Emitter Geolocation

Abstract

SOF tactical users currently lack a small, dynamic package with the capability to geolocate emitters that they may encounter, while stationary or on-the-move, in the course of their missions. Through the development of such a package, and integration with other components of the SOF tactical Joint Threat Warning System (JTWS) "toolbox", risks can be reduced, advantages, gained; and lives, saved; during dangerous missions. The objective of this proposal is to investigate the technologies needed to develop an integrated emitter geolocation system that meets SOF tactical user requirements. In teaming, Windermere IT Systems (WITS) and The Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) provide competencies in all the major technological elements that will contribute to the successful development of a SOF tactical emitter geolocation system. Phase I of this initiative will focus on developing innovative prototype designs and system architectures for the Geolocation Field Unit (GFU) and JTWS base station receiver. To this end, the WITS / SwRI team will investigate advanced geolocation-relevant receivers; supporting subsystems such as antennas, RF, power, and GPS; mechanical packaging, concealments, and delivery mechanisms; as well as applicable LPI/LPD transmission technologies. A detailed cost analysis will be developed for both the GFU and the base station units. This system will have immediate use in the war in terrorism. Although designed primarily for SOF tactical operations, it will have applications in at least two PEO-IIs programs. It will also have application with the other military services (Marines and Army have expressed interest) and law enforcement agencies. Commercial applications are not difficult to foresee. The techniques developed in this effort are applicable to rapidly expanding commercial markets such as wireless surveillance, geolocation systems and wireless personal area networking. Furthermore, Windermere's past work with local and federal law enforcement suggests several applications for their mission environment. Both commercial and government technical personnel working in the surveillance arena could employ a networked wireless system such as this to reduce the manpower required to perform automated surveillance and geolocation activities. Another potential commercial application is the monitoring of assets.

Contact Info

2000 Windermere Court
Annapolis, MD 21401
F&H APPLIED SCIENCE ASSOC., INC. SOCOM 03-002 SOF Micro Lab

Abstract

The overall goal of this program is to build a compact, lightweight, portable laboratory kit that can be used to analyze chemistries, cell counts, parasites, bacteria, and other pathogens in blood, urine, and body fluids. Our proposed Portable Micro-Lab (PML) kit will be composed of two sub-systems: 1) Environmentally stable microdot test strips smaller than a stick of chewing gum and containing the individual solid phase assay chemistries 2) Hand-held electro-optic reader/processor The PML kit will be small, rugged, and easy-to-use. Within minutes and without bulky instrumentation or sample preparation, it will provide SOCOM field personnel test results. Additionally, these results can be stored electronically, analyzed, and transmitted wirelessly. The expected performance and features of the PML will far exceed that of anything currently available. In Phase I, we will show the feasibility of performing multiple blood tests, at the same time, from only one drop of untreated whole blood (no pre-treatment required) using microdot test strips and the hand-held electro-optic reader/processor. We will that the PML kit can be extended to other blood assays and additional body fluids. An overall system design approach will also be developed. The proposed Portable Micro-Lab (PML) kit will enable SOCOM field personnel to perform multiple chemical and biological assays in remote locations. The expected performance and features of the PML kit will far exceed that of anything currently available. It will be rugged, self-calibrating, and as easy-to-use as a home glucose meter. Additionally, no sample preparation will be required in the field. The small package, lightweight, and battery operation will allow it to be very portable. The system will require very small quantities of body fluid (i.e. one drop of blood) and the medical test results can be stored, compared to prior tests, analyzed, and transmitted wirelessly. In addition to SOCOM and other military applications, the Portable Micro-Lab can be customized for first responder (EMT, etc.), homeland security, emergency contingency, rural medicine, physician office lab (POL), and humanitarian aid organization applications. Additional spin-off technologies, devices, and applications are anticipated.

Contact Info

P.O. Box 853
Moorestown, NJ 08057
WAVE 80 BIOSCIENCES, INC. SOCOM 03-002SOF Micro Lab

Abstract

Wave 80 Biosciences, Inc. will develop a fully-automated biological fluids analysis system for use by Special Operations Forces (SOF). The compact, rugged Wave 80 SOF Micro Lab is capable of quickly and accurately performing a wide range of tests, including basic blood tests, urinalysis, and tests for parasites, bacteria, and other pathogens. The Wave 80 SOF Micro Lab consists of a reusable, PDA-sized handheld unit and inexpensive, disposable, credit-card-sized test cartridges. A new, patented microfluidic flow control technology is used to manipulate samples and reagents in the test cartridges, providing unparalleled system performance. Portable medical diagnostic devices for emergency medical responders and for use in developing countries. Possible home use markets.

Contact Info

144 Beulah St
San Francisco, CA 94117
EXTREME ENDEAVORS & CONSULTING SOCOM 03-003SOF Life Support Monitor

Abstract

Special Operations Command has divided patient care into three phases, evacuation from the hazardous region, triage and transport, and hospital care. A device is required for Phase Two that can sample, monitor and display vital signs, log the parameters in memory for up to twenty-four hours and download vital sign information once the patient has arrived at the medical facility. This system will not only provide the medic with life saving information, it will also provide the medical staff at the hospital with the vital sign history during transport. Extreme Endeavors is proposing the Field Medical Monitoring System for this application (FiMMS). Special forces and other military personnel generally require medical care in less than hospitable environmental conditions, requiring the FiMMS to be durable and able to work in any conditions present on Earth. Extreme Endeavors specializes in development of equipment for austere environments and has experience in some of the world's most severe medical emergencies. Utilizing experiences that taught us how to develop electronics for Antarctica and inside burning structures, Extreme Endeavors will provide proof of concept for the FiMMS in this Phase I project. Extreme Endeavors main goal is to commercialize this product for SOCOM, with the stringent environmental specifications and aircraft worthiness specifications present within SOCOM, the FiMMS could easily be applied to the civilian sector. The Department of Defense is composed of 1,413,577 personnel as of September 2002, all of which could unfortunately require the use of this device. There are over 28,000 fire departments in the United States, all of which could utilize the FiMMS in responding to emergencies, being the first on scene of automotive accidents and other tragedies.

Contact Info

Robert C. Byrd Technology Center, 500 College Hill
Phillipi, WV 26416
NOMADICS, INC. SOCOM 03-003SOF Life Support Monitor

Abstract

Nomadics will undertake the development of a reduced footprint life support monitor for use in far-forward battle environments. Existing systems are bulky and weight constrained causing their ineffectiveness in scenarios where the warfighter is wounded and requires acute medical attention in a timely manner. The proposed system will rely on advancements being made to acute care medical sensors that are amenable to ruggedization and emerging sensors that offer significant advancements over existing technologies and products. Subsystem components will be interfaced to a modular embedded processing system for storage while input and information display will be provided via a handheld device. The envisioned device will play a significant role in acute care situations where personnel are in need of timely and accurate vital sign monitoring and provide a means by which monitored information can be stored. The product will be advancement over the state-of-art by attempting to reduce the logistical footprint, weight, and bulk of the life support-monitoring requirement. The target user is military medical personnel devoted to supplying care in far-forward engagements. Logical future customers are first responders such as firefighters, EMS, and police. These commercial avenues will be pursued after the primary customer need is met.

Contact Info

1024 S. Innovation Way
Stillwater, OK 74074
TRIDENT SYSTEMS, INC. SOCOM 03-004 Enhanced Image Capture and Transfer Capability

Abstract

An essential task performed by Special Operations Forces (SOF) is the acquisition and distribution of intelligence information from remote locations. The value of this information for applications such as target identification can be greatly enhanced if it is augmented by the use of imagery. Digital images captured by SOF personnel at remote locations must be transmitted via satellite link to decision makers using tactical radio voice channels. This presents a problem to SOF users: these comms channels are both quite slow (normally 2400bps) and unreliable, while quality digital image files can easily be several hundred kilobytes in size; this results in very long transmission times, which can have a severe impact on mission effectiveness. In order to streamline this process as well as reduce the equipment footprint required for image acquisition, preparation, and transmission, Trident proposes the development of an integrated Tactical Imagery Communications Unit (TICU). This self-contained device will acquire images directly from digital still or video cameras, compress these images, and transmit them over tactical links. Trident will assess a number of approaches for implementation of this system and develop an innovative architecture for a low power, miniature device. The Tactical Imagery Communications Unit would provide a valuable tool for transmission of imagery from remote locations by easing the workload of SOF personnel, reducing their equipment requirements, and significantly speeding the transit time of imagery. A tool of this type would also have utility in any number of situations requiring image capture, compression, and transmission.

Contact Info

10201 Lee Highway, Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
VIPMOBILE, INC. SOCOM 03-004 VIPMobile Wearable Computer for SOF Reconnaissance Missions

Abstract

Current systems for the covert gathering of image data by SOF are limited to still images only and present cumbersome usability problems, including numerous swapping of memory cards between cameras and computers, insertion of the data controller card, and the need to use several programs in a standard general purpose user interface. Collection and transmission of video is currently not possible at all. The VIPMobile Wearable Computer (VWC) provides video capability with compression speeds that exceed commercial MPEG-2 encoders and achieves four times the compression ratio, with substantial power savings, in hardware. The VWC provides a custom user interface tailored to the specific tasks of simultaneously collecting and transmitting image data over military radios. Additionally, the VWC negates the need to swap cards, and interfaces cleanly via simple cables to a variety of digital still cameras and analog and digital video cameras. Audio collection and user annotation by audio are provided. The VWC is a small wearable computer based on the Linux OS with integrated display and control, and a secondary haptic/tactile control system operable in complete darkness. The VWC provides robust future extensibility via industry standard I/O such as USB and Firewire for future sensors including chemical and biological detection and SOF life support monitoring. Antipated benefits include a substantial increase in legacy radio capabilities by providing state-of-the-art 3D wavelet image and video compression technologies through a user-friendly compact wearable computer customized for military personnel, first responders (firefighters, medics, and police), and configurable for reconnaissance and combat unmanned sea/air/land vehicles. Potential commercial applications include sensor networks, surveillance cameras, hard disk recorders, peacekeeping missions, and compression cards for video phones.

Contact Info

17899 Lamson Road
Castro Valley, CA 94546
MEGAWAVE CORP. SOCOM 03-005Antenna Enhancements for SOF Applications

Abstract

During Special Reconnaissance (SR) missions, U.S. Special Operating Forces (SOF) require tactical VHF/UHF antennas with physical and electrical characteristics, as well as radiation performance, that significantly exceed those of the antennas currently issued with legacy radios. This proposal addresses the design and development of an Enhanced Antenna Suite (EAS) that can be tailored to SOF needs and configured depending on the nature of each mission. The planned EAS will provide enhanced mission effectiveness through improved LPI/LPD, visual covertness and overall link performance, while being portable, lightweight and easy to use in SR field environments. MegaWave proposes to combine recent experience in design, modeling and fabrication of its patented low-profile/broadband antennas, with innovative materials and technologies, to develop an EAS that addresses these mission requirements. In Phase I, we will work with the SOCOM COTR to define the performance goals for the EAS to establish a requirements framework for the subsequent efforts, optimize the antenna electrical performance using state of the art computer analysis, develop and identify the materials and processes necessary to implement the antennas, and conduct a "hands-on" demonstration to show the incremental progress achieved towards enhancement of SR mission capability and flexibility. Quick deployable antennas will find application for firefighters, emergency communications and other programs such as Unattended Ground Sensors and Wolfpack. Visually covert antennas can be used by the intelligence community and as an automobile glass antenna for terrestrial digital FM radio reception. All antennas in the suite will find use in the burgeoning Homeland Security area.

Contact Info

PO Box 614, 200 Shrewsbury St.
Boylston, MA 01505
SYNTONICS LLC SOCOM 03-005Antenna Enhancements for SOF Applications

Abstract

Syntonics will investigate and design a suite of tactical line-of-sight (LOS) antennas using some or all of these potential antenna configurations: Collapsing ("cigar-tube") Yagi; Fabric Yagi; Fabric corner reflector; Rhombic wire; Draped wire; and Fabric patch. Additional configurations may also be identified and investigated during Phase I. Design alternatives will be traded against each other considering factors such as antenna pattern and gain performance, easy of operation, weight, covertness, and field reliability/robustness. Once a notional suite of antennas is defined and reviewed with SOCOM, conceptual designs will be prepared and analyzed for each antenna in the suite. Breadboard antennas will be built and characterized. The designs will give the Special Operations Command (SOCOM) a comprehensive set of reconnissance antennas that address the full range of mission scenarios. Prototype units of the entire antenna suite will be designed in detail and and tested during Phase II. Compact, covert, field-rugged antennas for personal VHF/UHF radios would have an appeal beyond SOF special reconnaissance missions. Any military application with a personal radio operating in the VHF or UHF bands represents a potential market, both in the U.S. military and our allied militaries. Hobbyists interested in field use of small radios also represent a potential market.

Contact Info

9520 Bendix Road, North
Columbia, MD 21045
IROBOT CORP. SOCOM 03-006 Self-Mobile Trailier

Abstract

iRobot proposes to design a XTV (eXtreme Terrain Vehicle) to carry significant combat loads for SOF foot patrols to objective areas. The XTV is fully amphibious and has a novel 6WDrive, 6WSteer active suspension/adaptive traction system powered by a run silent hybrid diesel/electric drive. It can transit mountain paths, fast flowing rivers and cluttered urban alleys, either autonomously or by remote telop via PackBot OCU. The XTV could significantly enhance the SOF warfighting capabilites by getting heavier combat loads further into the objective area faster. The XTV also has large dual use potential in the agricultural, construction and security markets

Contact Info

63 South Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
MICRO ANALYSIS & DESIGN, INC. SOCOM 03-006 Self-Mobile Trailier

Abstract

The combat load for today's individual Special Operations Forces warfighter is 100 pounds or more, which is unacceptably high. Lighter loads will reduce SOF operator fatigue, and increase his ability to move greater distances in a shorter time than is possible today. As a solution to this problem, we propose to design a self-mobile trailer, a robotic "mule" capable of carrying loads up to 1000 pounds - cargo and seated or litter-borne personnel - and autonomously trailing a foot patrol over rough terrain. The team we have assembled for this work has unparalleled experience designing robotic vehicles, and we expect to leverage work on similar vehicles to rapidly assemble and evaluate design concepts. The Phase I work will result in an overall system design concept with supporting analysis that leads directly into the construction of a detailed design and prototype in Phase II. We see opportunity for marketing to the Army and Marine Corp for deep reconnaissance missions that would be similar to SOCOM mission demands, as well as potential commercial applications in security and warehousing, and as a supply carrier for smoke jumpers fighting fires in rough terrain. The principal benefit of a self-mobile trailer is in reducing SOF operator combat loads, increasing their endurance, and improving their situational awareness. Our proposed design is highly adaptable, allowing the vehicle to be configured for seated personnel, MEDEVAC, and cargo transport. The design will produce a vehicle capable of nearly silent operation, with extremely low visible, thermal, acoustic and radar signature. The vehicle will be highly mobile, capable of autonomously trailing a foot patrol over challenging terrain and fording small rivers. It will have a simple, man-wearable Operator Control Unit designed to facilitate operator mobility. The vehicle will be equipped with self-protection measures to prevent use by enemy forces.

Contact Info

4949 Pearl East Circle, Suite 300
Boulder, CO 80301
APPLIED SCIENCES LABORATORY, INC. SOCOM 03-007Emerging Weapons Technology Evaluation Model

Abstract

Accelerated development of directed energy technologies has presented new problems to mission planners and weapon operators regarding the capabilities, lethality and performance of weapon systems. The Emerging Weapons Technology Evaluation Model will address these shortcomings by providing users of varying technical expertise 1) the ability to model a variety of weapons in various mission scenarios and determine their effects on targets, and 2) the ability to specify the damage on targets and determine which weapon systems are capable. The flexibility of this modeling software allows for future growth as new weapons, targets, and platforms are introduced. Expert guidance will be built into the software and intuitive analysis tools available to assist analyses. Applied Sciences Laboratory, Inc. (ASL) has developed a software architecture for the modeling and analysis of specific types of directed energy systems that can be rapidly modified to meet the USSOCOM requirements. This architecture is modular and easily adaptable to accommodate growth for future requirements. Its structure has been optimized through years of development and use and has proven to adapt to a variety of directed energy modeling uses. Leveraging this existing architecture, ASL can quickly create a powerful modeling tool avoiding the risk and cost of new development.

Contact Info

P.O. Box 21158
Albuquerque, NM 87154
SCHAFER CORP. SOCOM 03-007Advanced Tactical Laser Adaptive Simulator-Visualization, Operations, Training, Engineering, and Rehearsal Toolkit (ATLAS - VOTER)

Abstract

The ATLAS-VOTER Toolkit is physics based with detailed aircraft models, environmental effects, operator, instructor, and analyst work stations, High Energy Laser (HEL) modeling, and graphic user interfaces. Because of the maturity of its component software modules, this SBIR effort could deliver a value added tool suite by the end of Phase I. We will combine the Schafer simulation products Integrated Systems Architecture and Analysis Code (ISAACr) and AirBorne Laser Engagement simulator (ABLEr) with the SDS AAcuityr products LiteFliter, Gateway Mission Function Server, and PC Image Generator. All five products are mature, formally validated and verified, and have a legacy of US DoD support. Their synergistic integration via Distributed Interactive Simulation protocols, and augmentation with Advanced Tactical Laser (ATL) system parameters, provides SOCOM a tool for developing ATL tactics and CONOPS. ISAACr will also be upgraded to generically model the entire spectrum of future HEL weapons and expected targets. The delivered tool suite will allow SOCOM to participate in distributed wargaming exercises in support of determining ATL military utility, and will provide a spectacular visualization capability for demonstrating to the chain of command how ATL and other laser weapons can be effectively integrated into future warfighting capability.

Contact Info

321 Billerica Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824
APPLIED SIGNAL & IMAGE TECHNOLOGY, INC. SOCOM 03-008Direction Finding (DF) Module

Abstract

The SOCOM direction finding (DF) requirement is a small, low-power package that is modular in design and capable of interoperating with a variety of receivers including the SIGINT Threat Warning receivers currently under development by Digital Receiver Technology, Inc. and Applied Signal Technology, Inc. Applied Signal and Image Technology is uniquely positioned to offer SOCOM a solution for this problem. ASIT already has a comprehensive direction finding and geolocation solution that operates with the DRT receiver systems, and we are currently working with Applied Signal Technology on a joint program to provide intercept, direction finding and geolocation of conventional and wireless (2nd and 3rd generation) signals. Our existing capabilities will be adapted and enhanced to achieve the stringent SOCOM size, weight, power, and performance requirements. The proposed solution will have an ability to connect to a variety of DF arrays such as the body worn antenna, and our approach will also provide a "leave-behind" option for a distributed, low-power geolocation module in which SOCOM has expressed interest in very recently (SOCOM SBIR 03-001) within the same package.

Contact Info

7763 Old Telegraph Road, Suite 7
Severn, MD 21144
TOYON RESEARCH CORP. SOCOM 03-008Miniature Direction Finding (Mini-DF) Module

Abstract

Toyon Research Corporation proposes to research and develop a low-cost, miniature direction finding (Mini-DF(TM)) module and build a proof-of-concept system. The primary focus of this Phase I effort will be to locate cellular and wireless communications and RF emissions in the 2.0 MHz to 3.0 GHz frequency range. The Mini-DF module will accept input from an external receiver that is using a single DF capable antenna, multiple omni-directional antennas, or a combination thereof. When possible, time difference of arrival (TDOA) and differential-Doppler (DD) techniques will be used to augment the performance of the DF measurements and to further improve the relative bearing estimates. The system will also provide a relative range estimate provided sufficient information exists. The Mini-DF system will be designed and built using only commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) technology. The final product will feature a PDA-type interface that is simple to use and will be capable of being upgraded through software changes.

Contact Info

Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
ALAMEDA APPLIED SCIENCES CORP. SOCOM 03-009Service Life Extension of Machine Gun Barrels

Abstract

The purpose of this Phase-I is to demonstrate the feasibility of using Alameda Applied Sciences Corporation's Coaxial Energetic Deposition (CED) process to increase the life of gun barrels, specifically the Mk-46 and Mk-48 light-weight machine guns, by depositing a protective refractory metal coating to the inside of the barrel as a replacement for the chrome coatings that are presently used. The CED process is capable of depositing virtually any metal or alloy and many types of ceramics to the inside of tubes while using no moving parts. One of the major benefits of the CED process is that the deposition ions are much more energetic than those of other deposition methods, for example sputtering or chemical vapor deposition. Because of these higher energy ions, CED deposited coatings tend to be denser, with fewer cracks and voids, and to adhere better to the substrate. Live-fire tests will be performed on coated Mk-48 gun barrels as part of this Phase-I.

Contact Info

2235 Polvorosa Avenue, Suite 230
San Leandro, CA 94577
LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC. SOCOM 03-009Nano-Scale Particle Coatings for Service Life Extension of Small Arm Components

Abstract

Wear and erosion limit the service life and degrade the performance of weapons used by U. S. Special Operations Forces. Gun barrel coatings to maintain barrel life, overall weapon performance and reduce sustainment costs are required. These new coatings will conform to environmental initiatives to reduce hexavalent chrome usage. Luna Innovations will develop a complete coating process and system based on novel nano-particle and thermal treatment technologies. Recent developments in nano-particle production will be exploited to formulate stable coatings that can be applied using conventional liquid coating application processes. The process includes, surface cleaning and treatment prior to coating using proven industrial methods. The freshly coated gun barrels are oven dried in a controlled atmosphere. Finally, densification of the nano-particle coating is achieved without heating the bulk gun barrel substrate beyond the tempering temperature. The resulting dense coatings will be well adhered to the gun barrel. This coating process is designed to be compatible with current gun barrel manufacturing processes. The nano-particle production and coating process is amenable to the use of powder or alloy mixtures to achieve the optimal chemical, thermal and mechanical properties for this application.

Contact Info

2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
UCT DEFENSE, LLC SOCOM 03-009 Renewal/Service Life Extension of Weapon (Machine Gun) Components

Abstract

The purpose of this project is to save the lives of our fighting men and women. SOCOM will reach this objective by identifying a feasible process, which will demonstrate that extending the life of small arm weapons components and barrels is possible. Developing such product is vital because it will provide the war fighters with a reliable weapon on which they could depend in the most austere environments. Nothing is more important to our fighting men and women than reliable weapons. This project is also important because it will reduce the acquisition and life cycle costs of the weapon. Both of these goals are feasible by the use of UCTD's UltraCem coating on small arm components and barrels. UltraCem is a multi-functional coating that will (1) add hardness, (2) increase wear and abrasion resistance, (3) reduce friction, (4) enhance lubriciousness and (5) increase temperature tolerance to the base material. All of these functions combined will protect the components/barrels from the erosive forces and will extend the life of small arms.

Contact Info

7825 SW Ellipse Way
Stuart, FL 34997
APPLIED SIGNAL TECHNOLOGY SOCOM 03-010 Team Transportable Communications/Collection Suite

Abstract

Propse a design to generate a scalable team transportable command center by integrating the JTRS communication backbone into the JTWS collection system. This system is modular in software and hardware. The object oriented, software defined radio is modeled after the OSI protocol stack to abstract applications from specific transport and physical layer instantiations. The hardware modules containing the underlying processing of the software defined radion can be cascaded to process any number of channels.

Contact Info

400 West California Ave
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS CORP. SOCOM 03-010 Team Transportable Communications/Collection Suite

Abstract

ITAC will research the latest in communication and collection technologies, and develop a plug and play, scaleable architecture to satisfy SOF portable command center needs. At the completion of Phase I, a demonstration will be provided of a seamless communications and collection capability, which can monitor a local communications/electronic warfare environment, coordinate the collection processes of remote sensors and forward deployed field units, correlate data from the various sensors, acquire relevant National information, and provide real-time situational awareness and threat warning to users within the network on meaningful geographic displays. The network based communications infrastructure will acquire data from remote sensors; share data with U.S. and coalition forces in the field; and receive the latest map, imagery and intelligence information from National assets. The broad based analytical tools and communications infrastructure will permit forward deployed forces to take a high-fidelity look at the signals environment and send back advanced signals for analysis. The results of analysis can then be forwarded to deployed units, updating threat information in real-time on the soldiers' threat displays, providing the field units access to analysts and linguists located at a safe location. The modular system will scale to large backpacks, transportable, and rack mountable units.

Contact Info

1875 Campus Commons Drive, Suite 300
Reston, VA 20191
NEXT CENTURY CORP. SOCOM 03-010Team Transportable Communications/Collection Suite

Abstract

Next Century Corporation and Southwest Research Institute have teamed to design and build the Team Transportable (T2) system proposed herein. Our T2 solution is designed to provide forward-deployed ground forces and commanders with an easy-to-deploy, remote, unmanned signal collection and processing front-end from which real-time updates are supplied to forward-deployed team members and to the back-end command post. The T2 solution will need to be sufficiently flexible to be effectively deployed in a variety of mission scenarios including those where:  the risk of a forward-manned cryptologic operation is too high, or  a forward-manned cryptologic operation is inappropriate for the environment or operation, or  expanded electronic force protection capabilities are required to support the SOF commander The T2 system will also need to have the flexibility to support and interface with a variety of antennas, receivers, radios and related systems. Toward that end, a key aspect of our proposed solution is the ability to effectively collaborate with other deployed signal collection and threat warning assets, such as the bodyworn and manpack systems, thereby further enhancing the situational awareness provided to the SOF team. Next Century and SwRI are leveraging the expertise and technology jointly developed by their team for the related SBIR from USSOCOM for the bodyworn Threat Warning System (Topic Number SOCOM02-012). The Next Century / SwRI T2 solution incorporates relevant features of the bodyworn threat warning system, thus ensuring architectural compatibility and interoperability between the two solutions. Our T2 solution also benefits from SwRI's expertise in developing larger command and control SIGINT collection and analysis systems for the United States Navy.

Contact Info

8101 Sandy Spring Road
Laurel, MD 20707
FOSTER-MILLER, INC. SOCOM 03-011Advanced Vest Designs for Special Operations Forces

Abstract

Special Operations Forces have a diverse set of needs and desires because of the wide variety of mission scenarios and conditions they undertake. This presents significant challenges for the design and manufacture of soldier garments to augment the performance of SOF operators in the field. Foster-Miller and its team have proposed a lightweight, dynamic vest design that will include and/or accommodate various advanced technologies such as integrated textile cabling, power systems, communications equipment, and various sensors. The basis for this vest will be electro-textiles, i.e., textile-based systems fabricated with advanced conductive fibers, that will form an integrated electrical backbone upon which other advanced body borne technologies can be interconnected, swapped, and/or custom configured. (P-030570)

Contact Info

350 Second Ave.
Waltham, MA 02451
PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP. SOCOM 03-011 Versatile, Expandable, Strategic, and Tactical Equipment Carrier

Abstract

To meet SOCOM needs, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Versatile, Expandable, Strategic and Tactical Equipment Carrier (VESTEC) technology to be integrated into the MOLLE (Modular Lightweight Load Carrying Equipment). The VESTEC will make the MOLLE more dynamic and lightweight, and enhance its capability. The VESTEC will be based on modular wearable connectors, adaptable smart pouches, Wired Integrated Texile Seam (WITS) internal communication links, sensor interface, and the Tactile Early-warning Sixth Sense (TESS) subsystem. The VESTEC system will integrate a power source, body sensors, and WITS cables for communications through imbedded fibers that will follow natural fabric contours and seams of the vest. The cabling and associated electronics within the WITS will form a "vest area network" (VAN) for the VESTEC. In Phase I, POC will develop, fabricate, and test a VESTEC model to demonstrate the feasibility of the concept. In Phase II an optimized and rugged engineering prototype will be built that will be tested under laboratory test conditions.

Contact Info

Information Technologies Division, 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
CENTELLAX, INC. SOCOM 03-012Broadband Down-converter for SOF

Abstract

The proposed Phase one Project goal is to design and simulate a down converter chip utilizing SiGe that provides pre-amplification, mixing and a flexible scheme of local oscillators to allow any 3 GHz segment of the frequency range between 3 & 40 GHz to be converted to dc-3 GHz for processing with a standard SOCOM 3 GHz receiver. The system architecture utilizes a minimal set of microwave oscillators from previous Centellax designs which are multiplied, divided and switched in a unique manner to provide the required performance and excellent SWaP. The use of 120 GHz Ft BiCMOS SiGe technology provides many advantages. Power consumption is low and the chip size is minimized. Reliability of the Silicon process is well understood and documented, better than GaAs and much better than InP. The process produces 8 inch wafers which makes costs low relative to the other technologies which use 4 or 6 inch wafers. SiGe has become more and more attractive for integrating high frequency subsystems as the Ft has increased in the last three years. Once feasibility is demonstrated in Phase one, specific designs matched to antenna configurations and specific radar requirements will be explored in Phase two.

Contact Info

451 Aviation Blvd., Ste. 101
Santa Rosa, CA 95403
RDAS, INC. SOCOM 03-012Radar Technologies for SOF

Abstract

The proposed effort addresses the threat warning receiver for the SOF through prototype design, development, fabrication, and experimental testing of a miniaturized receiver that: (1) has negligible emissions over a bandwidth of 3 to 40 GHz to preclude detection by an enemy receiver, (2) requires extremely low power to operate, (3) can be easily carried or worn and used by SOF, and (4) lends itself to covert operation. In addition, the development of algorithms that can execute the detection of threat emissions with little or no effort on the part of a SOF, except to turn a TWR on, is a major objective. In addition, RDAS' proposed architecture improves the mobility of the SOF because the size and weight of the TWR is minimized as well as keeping power consumption to a low level. The design philosophy for the proposed receiver is to receive the signals and down convert these signals to a frequency that is compatible with the current digital receiver and processor. This maximizes leveraging of the subsystems that have been developed to date. Furthermore, this design will be consistent with the desired direction finding capabilities associated with other modules and for interfacing with a Body Worn Antenna.

Contact Info

11003 E.Bradford Circle
Cerritos, CA 90703
POLICELL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. SOCOM 03-013 Battery Modulation for Communications Equipment

Abstract

Policell Technologies Inc. proposes 6 month research effort to demonstrate the feasibility of replacing the lithium BA-5590 with a rechargeable battery. It is proposed to design and develop basic pouch lithium-ion cells that are suitable for assembly of BA-5590 battery and deliver some basic pouch cells to SOCOM by the end of the Phase I program. The battery system will be based on Policell Technologies Inc.'s unique heat-activatable separator membrane and advanced liquid electrolyte or gel polymer electrolyte, using conventional liquid lithium-ion battery electrodes. The research work will be divided into six tasks. By the use of PTI's proprietary heat-activatable separator and advanced electrolyte, the resulting rechargeable lithium-ion cells could offer high energy density (175 watt-hr/kg for cellular phone cell), high rate capability, long cycle life, in particular, low as well as stable impedance during charge-discharge cycling, extended temperature range for cell applications, and improved safety. This heat-activatable separator and the advanced electrolyte technologies are proprietary to Policell Technologies and do not involve any third party licenses. Policell Technologies has developed these technologies over the last two years. The research and development work will be conducted in Policell Technologies Inc.'s facility which is located in Newark, New Jersey. The estimated total cost for this program is $98,980.72.

Contact Info

240 Martin Luther King Blvd
Newark, NJ 07102
ULTRALIFE BATTERIES, INC. SOCOM 03-013Battery Modulation for Communications Equipment

Abstract

The proposed Phase I work is to develop soft pack lithium polymer batteries with high energy density (>175 Wh/kg) and superior temperature performance. Ultralife has been engaged in lithium polymer battery research, development and manufacturing since 1996. Ultralife has achieved several milestones in improving lithium polymer battery performance over the past year. The current Ultralife 34106102 polymer battery has an energy density of 160 Wh/kg with excellent cycling performance and high temperature storage performance (see the attached graphs). The Phase I project will incorporate high capacity cathode/anode active materials and non-flammable electrolytes to reach the capacity and performance requirements. The improved lithium polymer battery could be used in the hybrid portable power system for military and commercial applications. Ultralife will provide 20 cells for SOCOM qualification at the end of the Phase I project.

Contact Info

2000 Technology Parkway
Newark, NY 14513
CYBERNET SYSTEMS CORP. SOCOM 03-014 Reconfigurable All Terrain Vehicle

Abstract

Adaptable soldiers need a highly adaptable, high performance vehicle. The most powerful solution is not to have a single all-purpose vehicle, but rather to have a set of universal modular components that can be configured into whatever vehicle is necessary for the task at hand. A single vehicle would be constructed of as many as 100 universal components, with each component weighing anywhere from 50 to 100 pounds. Each component includes universal joints for physical, stable connections, as well as power and data transfer. Much like an erector set, this modular vehicle could be carried or transported in pieces, and then placed together into any configuration as necessary. A group of 20 soldiers, each carrying a single component, can combine their components to make up four small, light dune-buggy type vehicles, a road-worthy vehicle, or a boat for crossing a river. No special engineering skills are necessary, as all the components are "plug-and-play", and based off of the principles of a children's construction toy, like LEGO or Capsella. Specialized components can be added for specific tasks - pontoons, rudders, and propellers for sea vehicles, cranes and plows for earth moving, or even wings for `ultra-light' type aircraft or gliders.

Contact Info

727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
SABRE ENGINEERING, INC. SOCOM 03-014Development of a Family of Modular Light Tactical Wheeled Vehicles (FMLTWV)

Abstract

The military requires a new vehicle core concept, one that can be quickly adapted to varying roles and tactical situations. Furthermore, the design must use part communality in order to reduce the impact on logistics. This means that the vehicle will have different models filling diverse roles while sharing a majority of components. Thereby reducing the number of spares required for support. The concept submitted in this proposal not only enables different configurations at the point of manufacture but it also provides for quick and ready adaptation while in the field, with the use of simple hand tools. Furthermore, not only would the vehicles share the same modular drive train components but the essential building blocks for the chassis and bodyworks would also be the same, taking advantage of new engineered materials including extrusions and composites. This new vehicle will also be offered in hybrid and non-hybrid models being able to take advantage of either simple conventional propulsion or the new hybrid propulsion with its reduced fuel requirement, stealth operation, enhanced performance and auxiliary power capability.

Contact Info

5748 W Ken Caryl Pl
Littleton, CO 80128
SHADOW MOBILITY SYSTEMS SOCOM 03-014 Development of a Family of Modular Light Tactical Wheeled Vehicles (FMLTWV)

Abstract

Shadow Mobility Systems will develop concepts for a Family of Light Tactical Wheeled Vehicles that are Modular and Common in design to integrate Plug and Play Variant Kits to perform specific missions for US Special Forces Teams.

Contact Info

1616 Hodges Ct.
Marina, CA 93933
PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP. SOCOM 04-002Polymer-Based Glass-Like Coating Material System for Multi-Layered Protective Film

Abstract

State-of-the-art aircraft/helicopter transparency materials lack the mechanical strength to withstand the environmental effects of blowing sand and dust particles, and thus degrade pilots' ability to see through. Scratched and damaged transparencies must be replaced, and this is both expensive and time consuming. The lifespan of the transparencies can be significantly increased by applying multilayered protective film, each layer of which can be peeled off when damaged, leaving a new clear protective film. To address this need Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a novel optically clear multilayer protective window film based on a unique glass?like polymer coating material, to be produced by a unique modification of the sol?gel process, combining mechanical durability with chemical resistance. The proposed material system can be coated on either flat or curved window substrates, with the multilayer coating films bonded together by an adhesive system such as vinyl acetate. In Phase I, POC will develop a polymer-based glass-like UV curable sol?gel protective coating, and laminate it into a multilayered protective film to demonstrate its unique properties. Phase II will scale up and optimize the window film material coating process to produce multilayered protective film to be field tested and demonstrate cost-effective manufacturability.

Contact Info

Electro-Optics Holo Div 20600 Gramercy Pl Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
UNITED PROTECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES, LLC SOCOM 04-002 Optically clear multi-layered protective window/sensor film for use on rotary wing aircraft

Abstract

Since the inception of windscreens on aircraft, the effects of erosion on the transparent materials utilized for this application has been problematic. With the development of faster aircraft, Night Vision Goggles and various sensors which utilize electromagnetic waves in the visible and IR ranges this problem has been intensified. The team at United Protective Technologies, propose to provide data to demonstrate the feasibility of eliminating erosion through the use of an innovative protective window film which is applied directly to the environmentally exposed surfaces of windscreens and sensor windows. This material can be applied in a multiple layer configuration or as single layer sheets. When the film is removed it will leave no residue on underlying layers, and will not adversely affect light transmission. It will absorb particulate impact which may otherwise damage an unprotected window, therefore increasing pilot safety. This film will work equally well on various windscreen materials including Glass, Acrylic, and Polycarbonate. Installation techniques will also be developed which will reduce the risk of the film detaching from the protected surface during flight. Lastly this protective film will filter out harmful UV radiation which not only affects pilots, but also expensive cockpit instrumentation.

Contact Info

4600G Lebanon Road
Charlotte, NC 28227
SIERRA MONOLITHICS, INC. SOCOM 04-003 Miniature Multi-band Radar Beacon (MMRB)

Abstract

The Dual band beacon SMP-2000 has been successfully deployed in various missions providing combat identification, multiple drop/landing/assault marking, and as point designators for targeting. However it does not meet the desired specifications for size and weight and lacks an integrated GPS readout. It also cannot communicate with the Joint Stars aircraft for Blue Force tracking. The advent of Silicon Germanium (SiGe) based RFICs permits the implementation of complex multi-GHz circuits onto a single chip. Sierra Monolithics proposes to develop a miniaturized version of SMP-2000 by incorporating many of the active and passive components onto a SiGe RFIC for each band. This reduction of size and weight will enable the addition of a GPS receiver and its antenna with minimal volume penalty. The proposed frequency source and modulation scheme will allow both beacon and JSTAR functions within the same unit.

Contact Info

103 West Torrance Blvd
Redondo Beach, CA 90277
AeroStream Communications LLC SOCOM 04-004 Miniature Quickscan Receiver

Abstract

Develop a miniature, lowcost scanning receiver.

Contact Info

24658 Foothills Drive North
Golden, CO 80401
IPITEK SOCOM 04-004COMPACT, LOW POWER, WIDEBAND ELECTRO-OPTIC QUICKSCAN RECEIVER

Abstract

The need for a system which can locate mobile, potentially hostile sources over a wide frequency range across the low frequency (LF, 10 kHz ? 1 MHz) to microwave (mwave, 1 ? 10 GHz) bands mandates a new type of antenna technology that can cover this frequency range with high fidelity. We propose to develop a wideband, rapidly tunable, compact, low power receive antenna that can be integrated into existing SIGINT/COMINT systems. These receiver subsystems will offer uniquely wide frequency range, low power operation, high sensitivity, and light weight. We have previously demonstrated that this technology can be used from DC to 8 GHz, with 80 dB of dynamic range.

Contact Info

2330 Faraday Avenue
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Oceanit Laboratories, Inc. SOCOM 04-004Miniature Quickscan Receiver

Abstract

Special Operation Forces personnel require a rugged, miniature receiver that is capable of monitoring RF energy while deployed on a mission. The RF receiver will give a better picture of the electromagnetic threat environment enabling a heightened situational awareness, yet the device must be small enough that it does not hamper the SOF warfighter during missions requiring stealth and rapid mobility. This proposal is to conduct a feasibility study on using a CMOS based RFIC implementation to miniaturize the front end of the Miniature Quickscan Receiver. The receiver front end will consist of the following components: bandpass filter (BPF), low noise amplifier (LNA), image rejection filter, mixer, IF filter, and IF amplifier. GaAs HBT technology will also be explored for comparison. Designs, simulation results, and conclusions will be delivered upon project completion.

Contact Info

1001 Bishop Street, ASB Tower, Suite 2970
Honolulu, HI 96813
B.E. MEYERS & CO., INC. SOCOM 04-005 Advanced Vision & Position Acquisition System (AVPAS)

Abstract

B.E. Meyers & Company proposes to deliver the Phase I requirements of the AVPAS by utilizing its research and development resources to examine new technologies, architectures, and designs. These efforts will result in providing to the government the market research, proof-of-concept analysis, and a proposed design for an AVPAS prototype. The prototype design will be founded on incremental testing and sub-integration of the architectures selected, thereby promoting certainty of schedule and minimal developmental risk.

Contact Info

14540 NE 91st Street
Redmond, WA 98052
INSIGHT TECHNOLOGY, INC. SOCOM 04-005Advanced Vision & Position Acquisition System (AVPAS)

Abstract

Our goal is to develop a single device or modular group of devices weighing less than three pounds that can provide all of the functionality required for individual dismounted special forces for surveillance, small arms fire control, and tactical network connectivity. This challenge requires expertise not only in each of the individual modules for day sights, night vision, range finding, GPS, compassing, and RF communications -- but more importantly requires the ability to expertly combine these multiple elements in a space efficient and user friendly manner. It is in this area that Insight Technology excels. Our effort will include the development of mission scenarios, an analysis of the operational and functional requirements, a market survey of the latest available functional modules for each of the functions listed, trade studies to determine the optimal configuration of the system, risk reduction demonstrations or experiments, a preliminary design of the system configuration selected, and a final report.

Contact Info

3 Technology Drive
Londonderry, NH 03053
LAMBDA SCIENCE, INC. SOCOM 04-006SOF Tactical Repeater

Abstract

A SOF Tactical Repeater will be a small, rugged, lightweight, programmable, easily deployed, software radio repeater that can be awakened via RF, by an authorized user, from a passive sleep mode. One or more antennae should be deployed away from RF shadowing, with line of sight to all users. In Phase I, Lambda Science will develop emplacement / antenna deployment methods, standby / wake-up methods, perform a top level design using COTS components, simulate and emulate the repeater's operation and signal processing algorithms in MATLAB, and evaluate the design in terms of size, weight, and cost. In Phase II, an experimental breadboard repeater will be created from a pair of existing military radios and a prototype SOF repeater will be designed, built, and tested using modern military radios.

Contact Info

P.O. Box 238
Wayne, PA 19087
NOMADICS, INC. SOCOM 04-006 Miniaturized Low Power Tactical Repeater System

Abstract

Short range line-of-site communication is an integral part of the SOF mission. In nearly all regions where SOF operations take place, there is little if any short-range line-of-site communications infrastructure that can support these missions. The objective of this project is to design and eventually build a small (less that 64 cubic inches, targeted) lightweight (less than 1 lb. targeted), man portable, channelized tactical repeater system for operation in the VHF and UHF frequency bands. The system will support voice and data both encrypted and un-encrypted radio relay over line-of-site. In Phase I, Nomadics will research and assess conventional repeater techniques and develop methods to minimize weight, size, power requirements, and cost while maximizing performance of the conventional repeater system. Nomadics will the design the repeater system with special consideration of urban and rural radio path requirements, antenna requirements and availability, modes of operation including voice, data, and encrypted voice and data, and deployment methods including hand, weapon delivery, robotic, UAV, and air emplacement.

Contact Info

1024 S. Innovation Way
Stillwater, OK 74074
NOVA ENGINEERING, INC. SOCOM 04-006SOF Tactical Repeater

Abstract

Special Operations Forces face a variety of scenarios that limit communications. Blockage by urban structures, urban and rural terrain obstacles, and a desire for over-the-horizon communication dictate the need for a tactical repeater. The proposed research will analyze candidate repeater architectures. Emphasis will be placed on cost, size, weight, power, functionality, time-to-market, ruggedness, and ability to be upgraded. The repeater will be designed to operate at VHF and UHF, and will be compatible with radios and waveforms currently used by Special Operations Forces. Attention will be given to system issues to insure the repeater fits in seamlessly with current hardware. For example, cosite issues will be carefully examined. The architecture will also be chosen such that use of the repeater will not involve soldier interaction that would detract from the main purpose of a mission. The hardware architecture will be designed to accept several types of power sources, including external power.

Contact Info

5 Circle Freeway Drive
Cincinnati, OH 45246
FRONT EDGE TECHNOLOGY, INC. SOCOM 04-008 Alternative Power Sources

Abstract

This program will develop a series of lightweight highly-reliable power sources (5, 10, and 25Wh/day capacities) for installation by SOF at remote sensor sites. Front Edge Technology's (FET's) proposed approach is to integrate ultra-high-reliability solar cells and FET's new long-life solid-state energy-storage-device into a robust lightweight "Power Module". The module components will be similar to those now being used by FET to develop a man-wearable solar-power system for Marine expeditionary forces. FET's preliminary design of a 10Wh/day Power Module measures only 5" x 7", weighs approximately half a pound, and is expected to have 4-year reliability of 99+%. Phase I of the proposed program will produce a breadboard, design studies, simulated life testing, and three optimized designs. Full-size fully-operational 25Wh/day prototypes will be fabricated and tested during Phase II.

Contact Info

13455 Brooks Drive, Suite A
Baldwin Park, CA 91706
SMARTSPARK ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC. SOCOM 04-008Alternative Power Sources

Abstract

SmartSpark Energy Systems proposes a battery-free power supply for unattended field use that combines advanced power electronics with state-of-the-art photovoltaics and high-density double-layer capacitors. The technical challenges are to develop and apply sophisticated power electronics for optimal energy management of a photovoltaic source, to store the energy efficiently in a reversible process over thousands of cycles, to provide tightly regulated dc power supply outputs, and to package the system to be waterproof and reliable under harsh weather conditions. The expected outcome is a modular system that can produce power unattended for at least four years while delivering energy of 5 W-hr/day, scalable to 10 W-hr/day and 25 W-hr/day. SmartSpark plans to combine its patented solar power processing and energy storage management inventions with innovations in power electronics control to achieve the technical objectives. The objectives include efficient energy conversion from photovoltaics even at low and variable light levels, energy storage input-output efficiency exceeding 80%, outputs that support standard 12 V, 5 V, and 3.3 V loads, and a package that allows the system to reach 100,000 hr computed mean-time-between-failure in wet environments. A system is planned that achieves this with a 2.5 kg (5.5 lb) mass and volume under four liters.

Contact Info

60 E. Hazelwood Dr.
Champaign, IL 61820
BREAULT RESEARCH ORGANIZATION SOCOM 04-009 Image Intensified Lightweight Lens Development

Abstract

In recent engagements, the military has employed unconventional methods to gain a tactical advantage. One of these methods is increased night patrols and night combat operations using night vision goggles. Even though the capabilities of these devices have increased, they are still large and heavy, which reduces individual mobility and increases soldier fatigue. The classical approach at reducing system weight is to replace the glass lenses with plastic components. However, this has had limited success because of the large index difference between glass and plastic and the large focus shift with temperature from plastic components. We propose a new approach where the requirements for the application match the performance of the light-weight, all plastic lens, NVG system. We will survey and analyze existing NVG systems and select a system whose performance and layout allow the glass lenses to be replaced with plastic lenses. We will also investigate different mechanical housing configurations using dissimilar metals and composite materials to compensate the focus shift from changes in temperature. By this approach, we will develop new processes that will further develop the capabilities of light weight night vision optics.

Contact Info

6400 E. Grant Road, Suite 350
Tucson, AZ 85715
GRAFLEX, INC. SOCOM 04-009 Image Intensified Lightweight Lens Development

Abstract

Formulate a low risk, design, development and produceablility plan for a lighweight, high performance fixed focal length and stepped zoom lenses suitable for visible and near IR imaging applications, such applications will include intensified direct viewing devices and man portable, day/intensified night video surveillance systems. Primary emphasis will be directed to maximum long range target surveillance requirements subject to practical portability considerations.

Contact Info

1281 N. Ocean Drive Suite 201, Singer Island
Riviera Beach, FL 33404
OPTICS 1, INC. SOCOM 04-009 Image Intensified Lightweight Lens Development

Abstract

The goal of the program is conduct research and trade studies to determine solutions for an advanced, lightweight, long range image intensified zoom lens system. The development will include research into the latest optical design techniques as well as advanced materials which will provide performance superior to the standard aluminum alloys used in military sights.

Contact Info

3050 E Hillcrest Drive, Suite 100
Westlake Village, CA 91362
AERODYNE RESEARCH, INC. SOCOM 05-001Renewable Electric Energy Source for Special Operations Force (SOF) Maritime Combatant Craft

Abstract

An electric power source is needed that is two-man portable or lighter, operates on logistics fuels (JP-8, diesel), is quiet, and has a low thermal signature. We propose the MICE (Miniature Internal Combustion Engine) generator that is currently being developed by Aerodyne Research to deliver 500 W electrical power using logistics fuels. The design for this MICE generator will weigh less than 16 pounds. A MICE generator for the SOC-R application will have roughly the same weight. In the Phase I program, a MICE generator system will be designed specifically for the SOC-R application. An acoustic suppression design to reduce the acoustic emission to a "quiet" level of 40 dB or lower will be developed and demonstrated. In the Phase II program, several prototype units of the 500 W MICE generator will be developed and delivered.

Contact Info

45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821
MESOSCOPIC DEVICES, LLC SOCOM 05-001SOFC Auxiliary Power Source for Surveillance Operations

Abstract

Special operations forces use special combat craft for surveillance missions. To enable stealth while on station, these boats require quiet auxiliary power sources. Large battery banks are currently used, but these batteries are heavy and limit the mission duration. Fuel cells have been proposed as possible quiet power sources, but existing systems, e.g. Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells, require specialized or potentially dangerous fuels such as highly compressed hydrogen that are impractical aboard ships or boats. We propose a compact, high-volumetric energy density solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) hybrid system operating on high-sulfur marine fuels. We will address critical system-level integration issues specific to deployment on the combat craft through detailed system modeling and system mechanical design. This approach will result in a quiet auxiliary power supply operating on safe logistics fuels with both high volumetric power density and high efficiency.

Contact Info

510 Compton Street, Suite 106
Broomfield, CO 80020
POWERIX TECHNOLOGIES, LLC SOCOM 05-001 SPLASHGen : A Renewable Electrical Power Source for SOC-R Operations

Abstract

This SBIR Phase-I effort proposes a novel, soldier-portable, low acoustic signature hybrid power generation system, SPLASHGen, which provides an alternative solution to the energy requirements of the SOCOM SOC-R mission. The proposed SPLASHGen technology is a parallel hybrid electric power system that uses a swing-engine-based power generation system that is augmented by a rechargeable battery pack when operating under peak loads. Preliminary sizing studies have estimated the total deployed mass of SPLASHGen below 20kg (including fuel mass for 72 hours continuous operation), distributed across two units measuring 6"x12"x12" and 12"x15"x15" units. SPLASHGen provides for a 9.26 times reduction over the original marine battery system, from 172.8kg to 18.65kg, achieves an order of magnitude increase in specific energy over battery systems and can be routinely transported by a two-man team, with each operative carrying approximately 9kg.

Contact Info

2000 Hogback Rd, Suite 13&14
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
PROTONEX TECHNOLOGY CORP. SOCOM 05-001Fuel Cell Quiet Auxiliary Power Unit for Special Ops

Abstract

Protonex will develop a quiet, durable, high-energy source which is able to power auxiliary electrical equipment for SOCOM operations. It must be able to withstand a harsh operational environment and be lightweight, compact and man portable. Protonex proposes to develop a quiet Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) that will meet all the energy, power and other requirements for this application. This system will be based on proven Protonex NGenT fuel cell technology combined with an innovative, snap-in fuel cartridge that has a high energy density and is environmentally friendly. The proposed system will have superior metrics to all other technology alternatives available for the specialized requirements. Protonex is currently developing a number of innovative fuel cell based portable power products for a variety of military needs that are best in class in terms of weight, volume and cost versus alternative solutions. The company proposes to design a specific solution for this SOCOM application based on Protonex's knowledge and experience gained from this substantial body of product development.

Contact Info

153 Northboro Road
Southborough, MA 01772
MARTIN ELECTRONICS, INC. SOCOM 05-002Door Breaching Ammunition

Abstract

The MEI1080 HELLHOUND 40mm Low Velocity Multi-Purpose Grenade is a fixed type ammunition designed to be fired from a 40mm Grenade Launcher. The round consists of an A5 filled metal projectile body, slightly longer than the current M433, with a rotating band, a point initiating-base detonating fuze with Safe and Arm technology, and a cartridge case assembly with MEI's proprietary energy delivery system to allow a heavier weighted cartridge to obtain 247 f/s velocities. The MEI1080 has twice the A5 fill amount and a 40% increase in the shrapnel pattern than the M433 and with the point initiating-base detonating fuzing applies enourmous energy to any static door combination when initiated.

Contact Info

10625 Puckett Rd.
Perry, FL 32347
MECHANICAL SOLUTIONS, INC. SOCOM 05-002Door Breaching Ammunition

Abstract

United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) currently has identified a need to develop improved door breaching capabilities. In response, Mechanical Solutions, Inc. (MSI) has conceived a novel, non-lethal, door-breaching munition. This 12-gauge shotgun round would contain magnetic powder and small, strategically positioned magnets. The powder would approximate a solid projectile upon firing because of the magnetic forces acting on it, but would then disperse rapidly after transferring its energy while removing targeted door hardware. MSI's concept offers improved kinetic energy potential versus similar designs without generating large fragments of matter, dramatically improving the safety of the shooter and of those on the opposite side of the door. MSI is confident that it can successfully construct such a munition, having recently conducted substantial research on prototype non-lethal munitions that used magnetic technologies. MSI has assembled an outstanding team of munitions consultants along with its seasoned staff of engineers, in order to ensure successful implementation of this important and timely project.

Contact Info

1719 Rt. 10 East, Suite 305
Parsippany, NJ 07054
POLYSHOK, INC. SOCOM 05-002 Door Breaching Ammunition

Abstract

This research will prove the feasibility of producing an improved 12 gauge door breaching munition with substantially reduced collateral damage. Current 12 gauge shotgun breaching munitions have problems breaching heavy/hardened doors, hinges and locksets. With the exception of the current Polyshok IRP round, all current breaching munitions pose significant risk of collateral injury to innocent bystanders on the inside of the breached door. The effectiveness of all conventional breaching munitions is limited to the amount of material the projectile can push out of its way during impact, before running out of energy. A more effective 12 gauge door breaching munition requires a more efficient expenditure of energy. A more efficient process would be to mimic a non-explosive shape charge such as the patented Polyshok IRP round. Our projectile will be designed to punch into the target and immediately release a highly disruptive radial energy discharge. This results in an explosively fast and widespread expansion process. The round will expend its energy laterally through the entire impact phase of flight and substantially increase the area of the door structure affected by the impact with no potential for a solid projectile to exit the inside of the door.

Contact Info

2702 Woodmere Dr.
Panama City, FL 32405
ASSETT, INC. SOCOM 05-003 Velocity Sensing Sonar for Naval Special Warfare Undersea Vehicles

Abstract

This proposal responds to the need for a more capable velocity sensor for Naval Special Warfare undersea vehicles that will enable 3D bottom and water column tracking. Currently the Advanced Seal Deployment System utilizes a Doppler Sonar capable of operations at altitudes of up to approximately 300 meters over the sea bed for bottom track mode. There is also a stated need to decrease weight, volume and power consumption when compared to the current system. Having an accurate velocity sensor is key to navigating underwater. To address these concerns, ASSETT's proposal combines existing sonar designs in an innovative fashion using high frequency sonar for altitudes to 400 meters and low frequency sonar for altitudes beyond 1000 meters. All of this is packaged in a manner that takes advantage of modern technology to reduce weight and volume and a unique method of powering the low frequency portion of the sonar that limits power usage. ASSETT has assembled a strong team consisting of our employees who have over 50 combined years of sonar systems experience, a recognized consultant we have worked with for over 25 years and EDO, the premier provider of ceramic sensor technology and systems to the US Navy.

Contact Info

8616 Phoenix Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
RD INSTRUMENTS SOCOM 05-003Velocity Sensing Sonar for Naval Special Warfare Undersea Vehicles

Abstract

This Phase I proposal is to establish the feasibility of developing a velocity log suited to navigation of small underwater vehicles that are required to transit to the littoral zone from deeper open ocean waters during clandestine operations. The instrument will measure three components of bottom- and water-relative velocity over a wide altitude range of less than 1 to greater than 1000 m. It will be accurate, small, light-weight, and use little average power. We propose an innovative hybrid design combining several technologies we have already developed. As correlation velocity log (CVL) technology is ideally suited to achieving high altitude bottom-tracking with a limited aperture, we will scale down and update our 22 kHz CVL to a frequency between 38 and 75 kHz. Accuracy and covertness concerns at low altitudes motivate us to add a Doppler velocity log transducer (probably a 2D phased array operating at 600 kHz), with shared electronics in the hybrid system minimizing size and weight. During Phase I we will design the hybrid velocity log sonar, validate the concept, and specify a prototype to be built and further developed in Phase II.

Contact Info

9855 Businesspark Ave.
San Deigo, CA 92131
GECO, INC. SOCOM 05-005Unmanned Autonomous Vehicle Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Payload Interface Master Module, PIMM

Abstract

The GECO Payload Interface Master Module Phase I development approach capitalizes on both our telecom and defense electronic design experiences to provide SOCOM with an optimal PIMM design. GECO's research trade studies will allow us to deliver the best performance that commercial technologies can support and our design engineering experience will insure the optimal solution is fielded in a package that is both rugged and supportable. This approach allows the insertion of the latest and most capable COTS technologies including WiMAX and cellular standards to support the need for a low cost line-of-sight high rate sensor data link. This approach also supports the beyond line-of-sight moderate rate video data link with the most advantages solution. GECO's experience includes system design and integration of video data links on UAVs and the integration of this data into a helicopter crew station. The integration of this data to the SOF user will be accomplished without risk due to our previous experience with designing and integrating video sensors and software into a classified system. Finally, our capabilities to manufacture hardware such as the Digital Video Adapter product will allow the PIMM to be easily integrated into any Mission Equipment Package the SOCOM customer specifies.

Contact Info

1754 N. 48th St.
Mesa, AZ 85205
TRIDENT SYSTEMS, INC. SOCOM 05-005 Unmanned Autonomous Vehicle Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Payload Interface Master Module, PIMM

Abstract

Special Operations Forces deployed to remote areas have a need for technically innovative UAV ISR data delivered in real-time via common secure data communication architectures. Despite recent technological advances, delivering still imagery, video and other sensor data down to the SOF team level over a single medium in near real-time is still not possible. Trident Systems proposes to build a small, lightweight, reliable yet rugged Payload Interface Master Module (PIMM) that would provide connectivity to UAV sensors, processing power to compress and output video, audio, meta-data and other sensor data in a single stream, and the ability to securely transmit this information over LOS or BLOS communications channels. This system would be composed of world-class COTS components, including a PXA270 based single board computer, a state-of-the-art mini-UAV data link from L3, and custom ground station software to permit SOF operators to command, control and cross-queue the UAV sensors. The proposed Phase I effort will focus on developing an accurate CONOPS description, capturing operational and functional requirements for the PIMM and developing a conceptual top level design. In addition, Trident will prototype key pieces of the PIMM architecture to mitigate risk and provide insight into the PIMM design.

Contact Info

10201 Lee Highway, Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
VIPMOBILE, INC. SOCOM 05-005 Unmanned Autonomous Vehicle Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Payload Interface Master Module, PIMM

Abstract

Significant advances have been made in sensor development, unmanned air platforms, and electronics system performance. However SOF tactical teams often do not receive near real time imagery intelligence and other sensor data relating to their area of operations. The objective of this project is to design and prove the feasibility of building a light weight, rugged, and low cost payload interface master module (PIMM) for use on a UAV. The PIMM will provide the ability to command, control, communicate, and cross-queue multiple ISR payloads onboard the UAV via commercial communications paths. The project will also include modification of a current SOF Ground Segment that can be used to control the sensor payload and receive the sensor data from the UAV. VIPMobile's proposed solution will include the use of high performance light weight computers running VIPMobile's custom software for image management and compression as well as bi-directional sensor control from the Ground Segment to the PIMM. The Ground Segment design will be influenced by VIPMobile's existing Enhanced Image Capture and Transfer (EICT) ruggedized handheld computer that was developed for SOCOM. Implementation of this project will allow state of the art UAV sensor data to be made fully available to SOF tactical teams.

Contact Info

655 Montgomery Street, Suite 540
San Francisco, CA 94111
NEW SPAN OPTO-TECHNOLOGY, INC. SOCOM 05-006 OLED display packaging method for harsh military environment extremes

Abstract

Organic light emitting diode (OLED) technology for improved panel displays (e.g. navigation, integrated bridge systems, etc.) is widely recognizing as the brighter, thinner, lighter, lower power, more water tight, less expensive, and faster than the active matrix liquid crystal display (AM-LCD). In order to realize OLED, significant advancements have to be made in display device efficiency and packaging technology to withstand the maritime environment extremes such as shock, vibration, salt, water, high and low temperatures. New Span Opto-technology Inc. proposes a novel white light emitting OLED display having partially conjugated poly(phenylenevinylene) (PPV) polymer and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) encapsulation system to endure the harsh environmental conditions. Our innovative packaging idea using PDMS encapsulation will overcome the harsh marine environmental barriers including shock, vibration, temperature extremes, and salt water and will be compatible with requirements for Night Vision Imaging System such as sunlight readable, low power consumption, and wide view angle. Total system weight and fabrication cost of this novel OLED display device would be dramatically reduced when compared to conventional AM-LCD displays or currently used hermetic sealed OLED displays. We will demonstrate a bright single-layer white OLED device and test its reliability to meet military standard environmental specification (MIL-STD-810D) requirements.

Contact Info

9380 SW 72nd Street, B-180
Miami, FL 33173
NSCRYPT, INC. SOCOM 05-006Direct Write Electroluminescent Display for Combatant Craft

Abstract

The proposed project focuses on a fabrication method for solid state high efficiency, bright electroluminescence (EL) displays for SOF Combatant Crafts using direct write technology. The direct write fabrication method is an elegant alternative to traditional fabrication methods for semiconductor devices such as vacuum deposition techniques, masking, high process temperatures, etc. The direct write EL display structures will be very simple, extremely lightweight, compact, versatile, and relatively inexpensive to produce in large quantities. This project will develop an efficient, reliable method of manufacturing of novel electroluminescence displays capable of stable, extended service and low power consumption under a wide range of environmental conditions.

Contact Info

2721 Discovery Drive, Suite 400
Orlando, FL 32826
PICO TECHNOLOGIES SOCOM 05-006Flat Panel Displays for Harardous Naval Combat Environments

Abstract

This proposes research and development of improved flat panel displays. The proposed high definition graphic displays are for use in computer applications of all kinds, including environments that place high performance demands on display panels and high stress on support structures. Performance attributes proposed include: thin, lightweight, low-power, wide viewing angle, bright colors, quick response, display-centric in a wide variety of sizes ranging from large computer displays to hand-held portable communication devices. Application environments are exemplified by those encountered by special operations forces during day and night combatant craft operations. Panel ruggedness, with tolerance for vibration and water immersion are operational requirements. Light emitting diode (LED) technology is proposed for these applications. Electricity is directly converted into visible light. Flat panel displays employ integrated thin film transistor back planes that control front plane LED subpixel elements. The high switching speed of subpixel electronics tightly control graphic images with millions of vibrant color shadings without smearing. LED technology has a long history of use in many commonplace consumer products with high reliability and the proven technology is poised to economically respond to many performance and ruggedization challenges that active matrix liquid crystal display technology currently used onboard SOF craft cannot meet.

Contact Info

2813 South Hiawassee Road, Suite 201
Orlando, FL 32835
EQUINOX CORP. SOCOM 05-007Identifying Individuals at a Distance via Thermal Imaging of the Face

Abstract

This effort will develop dual intensified/thermal infrared algorithms and hardware technology to detect, identify and track human individuals.

Contact Info

9 West 57th Street, Suite 1650
New York, NY 10019
OBJECTVIDEO SOCOM 05-007Identify and Track Important Assets

Abstract

ObjectVideo proposes a video system to identify faces on non-cooperative subjects at a far distance. The system will be deployed hidden in hostile terrain to monitor people who travel through the camera's view, and it will report back to a central station only if it sees a known fugitive. The output will be a video clip of the person who just crossed the camera's field of view, and a database face shot of the likely match. The hardware will be light enough, small enough, and energy efficient enough to perform these tasks independently. There are three key technical challenges. (1) Acquisition - Development of suitable pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) algorithms so that the system can find a target's face over a long distance, and enhance it for better identification. (2) Identification - Improvement of current face recognition software to handle different angles and lighting so that it can match against a rudimentary watch list. (3) Design of the hardware that will enable all algorithms to run in an insubstantial form factor. ObjectVideo already has significant experience with computer vision-based automated video surveillance technologies and their application to real-world scenarios, including porting them to hardware.

Contact Info

11600 Sunrise Valley Drive, Suite # 290
Reston, VA 20191
SECURICS, INC. SOCOM 05-007 FIINDER: FPGA Intensified-Image Networked Detector w/ Embedded Recognition

Abstract

The system goal is a network-enabled FPGA-enhanced system for self-contained low-power image-intensified recognition. The system will support reprogramming, through-the-network, of its real-time recognition, FPGA supported identification of many asset classes. This effort focuses on feasibility questions for remote face-recognition. Facial recognition at significant distances is non-trivial and often subtle. Securics' founder led the only major study of facial recognition beyond 30 meters. This project expands that research to improve basic understanding of the critical issues in long-distance identification, addresses a novel research approach to using intensified images for face-recognition and provides for the design of a low-power, lightweight, reprogrammable, embedded recognition system. This project will collect the first ever Intensified Imagery (II) face database, and benchmark multiple algorithms on visible, II and LWIR imagery. This will include cross-modality testing, where one modality is enrolled and another is used for recognition. This project will address other issues by extending Securics' patent pending theory predicting failure of biometric systems and improving them via perturbation enhancing recognition of non-cooperating subjects in long-distance surveillance-oriented biometric identification. The final objective is the core of the FIINDER system including embedded systems design and prototyping, analysis of algorithms suitability for FPGA implementation, power-budget analysis, and field-testing.

Contact Info

2595 Rossmere Street
Colorado Springs, CO 80919
CHI SYSTEMS, INC. SOCOM 05-008 Advanced Tactical Handheld Extended Networked Sensor (ATHENS)

Abstract

Technological improvements have provided our military with many tools that they can utilize in the field. These tools, while useful, tend to add to the already heavy burden carried by SOF forces into the field. They also increase the cube that each soldier must carry into the field. This necessitates the need for combining several systems into a single viable unit. In response to this opportunity, CHI Systems, Inc. proposes to develop the Advanced Tactical Handheld Extended Networked Sensor (ATHENS) radio system. The ATHENS radio system combines current transceiver, scanner, and networking technologies into a single lightweight package. This radio will provide normal transceiver functionality, with the added capabilities of a software driven scanner that will provide SIGINT threat warnings and share such threats over a secure network. The resulting Phase I products will include a breadboard solution, recommendations for developing additional capabilities for the radio, and a structured plan for further developing ATHENS technology during the Phase II effort.

Contact Info

1035 Virginia Drive, Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
DIGITAL RECEIVER TECHNOLOGY, INC. SOCOM 05-008Advanced Tactical Threat Warning Radio

Abstract

DRT will perform an investigation to identify a feasible design approach for a handheld threat warning and communications radio through the use of reconfigurable software radio techniques. Design aspects for the RF, digital, and power supply elements will undergo careful study in orer to identify customized integrated circuits that will minimize size, weight, and power consumpion. The aspects of mechanical design will be studied to find innovative ways for reliable and durable packaging of a mixed-signal product, as well as techniques for thermal management and ergonomic concerns. The system software architecture will be closely examined to identify the required functionality for both the requirements of processing needed for SIGINT radio operation, and the requirements for software radio architecture for use as a communications device. Finally, DRT plans to use the findings of this study to establish the development baseline if DRT is selected to receive the Phase II award.

Contact Info

20250 Century Blvd, Suite 300
Germantown, MD 20874
PERCEPTEK SOCOM 06-001 Automated Detection and Cueing

Abstract

The single most effective method to thwart security threats posed by people with hostile intent is to detect their presence early. Unfortunately, large scale standoff detection of humans is difficult. Various sensors, including still and video cameras, have been designed and applied to human detection, however, to date a person is required to be in the detection loop since robust, automated detection of humans with visual sensors has not yet been achieved. This is particularly unacceptable in military scenarios where the only people available to interact with the surveillance system are often occupied with other critical tasks. As a result, there is a clear need for a truly automated, robust human detection system that only interacts with a person when a threat has been detected. Such a system will provide soldiers with more complete situational awareness and allow them to perform their other activities with increased safety. PercepTek proposes to develop a system that will exploit algorithms that are insensitive to the many and varied image and video properties that are present in many different types of imagers. In cases where the algorithms can be affected by particular properties of the imager, compensating capability will be incorporated into the system.

Contact Info

12395 North Mead Way
Littleton, CO 80125
PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP. SOCOM 06-001Automated Cueing Using Motion Detection and Extraction

Abstract

To address SOCOM needs for advanced man portable surveillance technologies, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new system for Automated Cueing using Motion detection and Extraction (ACME). ACME is structured around a new hybrid motion detection and object recognition software kernel based on feed-forward neural networks, and state-of-the-art statistical algorithms, capable of identifying objects, and of detecting motion at ranges of 1000 m in daylight and 500 m at night. The ACME system, interfacing imagers and processing hardware, has intelligent and versatile surveillance capability with visual/audible alerts and wired/wireless network interfaces. ACME interfaces with existing imaging systems and data processing hardware through a universal video interface compatible with USB, FireWire, and any video capture-capable device, and thus requires no additional hardware for operation. Its high performance video processing software eliminates the need to alter or manipulate the imager, which will have accelerated video processor capabilities including filtering, geometrical transformation, digital zoom, and fast video display. In Phase I the video converter box and each of the core software modules for ACME will be developed and demonstrated. In Phase II the ACME software modules will be combined into an ACME system suitable for immediate transition to Phase III markets.

Contact Info

Information Technologies Division, 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
TOYON RESEARCH CORP. SOCOM 06-001Automated Detection and Cueing

Abstract

Infrared (IR) imagery provides a rich source of information for target detection, feature-based tracking, and identification. Yet, variable operating conditions, including sensor range, viewing angle, as well as target illumination and degree of occlusion, have so far prevented the development and effective deployment of a complete solution for real-time target identification. While much attention has been devoted to discovering target features, which are invariant to orientation and affine view transformation, the resulting features have proven to be insufficiently discriminatory for large model databases. To address these and other challenges, we propose the use of scale- and affine transformation-invariant spatial and intensity features, combined with spectral histogram features, for robust, high-performance target identification. Further, we show how real-time processing capability can be achieved through efficient candidate target segmentation, followed by a hierarchical classification structure. This framework ensures that the most computationally demanding operations are only performed for a small number of most likely candidate target matches. Throughout, we show how storage and bandwidth requirements can be minimized, to enable deployment of the complete system in a variety of resource-constrained environments, leading to reduced operator workload and improved combat effectiveness.

Contact Info

Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
PHARAD LLC SOCOM 06-002 Conformal Appliqu? Antennas for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Aircraft

Abstract

In this Phase I project Pharad proposes to create a family of thin, flexible conformal appliqu? antennas that can adhere to the exterior skin of UAVs and aircraft. The flexible radiating assemblies will support FM, VHF TV, and UHF TV signal transmission/reception and be able to mount to a variety of airframes without requiring modification of the aircraft structure. We will analyze the flexible material and adhesives for the proposed appliqu? antennas to show they can withstand harsh airborne operating environments and meet RF power handling requirements. The material will also have novel RF isolation properties within it to ensure the antenna can operate independent of its location on the airborne platform and meet radiation coverage and efficiency requirements. The antenna assembly will include an integrated feed mechanism design that provides a robust universal interface to the PSYOPS avionics. We will also develop a concept of operations that includes maintenance, installation, and logistics concepts for the lifecycle of the family of appliqu? antennas. Finally, we will confirm the predicted performance through fabrication of a proof of concept prototype of the radiator, adhesion to a non-planar aircraft surrogate, and measurement of the RF characteristics, including gain, radiation patterns and return loss.

Contact Info

797 Cromwell Park Drive, Suite V
Glen Burnie, MD 21061
SCIPERIO, INC. SOCOM 06-002Conformal Appliqu? Antennas for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Aircraft

Abstract

An antenna system is proposed for the purpose of FM, TV-VHF, and TV-UHF PSYPOS broadcast applications. The antenna system incorporates a radiating structure that is small, light weight, and conformal. A circularly polarized beam is broadcast from an aircraft towards nadir, illuminating the region below the craft with a horizontally-polarized signal, yielding polarizations pointing in both the North-South and East-West directions. This approach helps minimizes polarization related fading as the relative positions of the transmitter and receiver change. Antenna bandwidth is 2:1 at minimum, allowing one antenna to cover each of the three bands in its entirety. This low-cost, highly manufacturable antenna incorporates sheet metal components and will easily operate at the desired 2kW input levels.

Contact Info

PO Box 15127, 6421 S Air Depot, Suite B
Oklahoma City, OK 73155
WANG ELECTRO-OPTO CORP. SOCOM 06-002 Conformal Appliqu? Antennas for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Aircraft

Abstract

This is an SBIR Phase-I proposal, under SOCOM Topic 06-002, "Conformal Appliqu? Antennas for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Aircraft." A definite need exists to develop a family of appliqu? antennas to be conformally mounted on various UAVs and manned aircraft for broadcast of PSYOPS messages at frequencies throughout the FM (87.5-108 MHz) and TV (174-230 MHz and 470-806 MHz) bands. To develop antennas to cover each band individually is not too difficult technically, but would lead to an operational nightmare since many antennas are needed to cover all the bands. On the other hand, to reduce the family of antennas to a single aperture is technically very difficult. Wang Electro-Opto (WEO) has unique, enabling, and well-established broadband conformable antenna technologies, and proposes to develop a single-aperture antenna system that can operate in all FM and TV bands. The proposed antenna can be conformally mounted on a platform with a mounting surface area of about 3 ft. x 3 ft. It is capable of good polarization match with all ground receive antennas, not possible by other approaches. The proposed single-aperture approach is practical, efficient, convenient, and cost-effective, which would not be possible by approaches using a family of antennas.

Contact Info

2140 Newmarket Parkway, Suite 110
Marietta, GA 30067
AZIMUTH, INC. SOCOM 06-004Tactical Biometric Registration and Recognition Suite

Abstract

Historically, biometric collection systems have been designed for fixed Law Enforcement office applications. Their limitations stem from the fact that they were designed for specific hardware collection sensors optimized for a specific application. To a large extent the software is proprietary to a single vendor's sensor suite and not designed to accept international character sets. Current products that the Department of Defense is using for mobile biometrics consist of poorly repackaged office systems. Azimuth proposes to research all available biometric technologies that could possibly be designated and repackaged into a lightweight, rugged, portable and "user-friendly" biometric collection toolset. Our proposed design will encompass the requirements necessary for the screening and processing of individuals encountered within designated military operational environments. Software applications will comply with Biometric Application Programming Interfaces (BioAPI) international standards for the Operating System (OS) and Biometric Service Provider (BSP) interfaces, utilizing international character sets and external interface requirements of national and international biometric data sets. Our proposed application will be standards based and therefore capable of utilizing many vendor sensor products, considering operational requirements such as weight, size, power and cost.

Contact Info

3741 , Morgantown Industrial Park
Morgantown, WV 26501
SPACEFLIGHT SYSTEMS CORP. SOCOM 06-004A Fusion Based Tactical Biometric Registration and Recognition Toolset

Abstract

Human biometric recognition systems are essential in the automated personal identification and verification applications market. This market spans the commercial and military sectors to include a myriad of identification applications from secure entrance, to time card clocks, to bio-certified delivery systems, to automobiles that recognize their drivers, to money transaction systems, to weapons that recognize their owners, etc. A Fast Pattern Recognition (FPR) algorithm has been developed and tested that demonstrates exceptional multi-modal performance in fused facial recognition, palm-print recognition, and fingerprint recognition even under degraded conditions. This same algorithm has also demonstrated exceptional performance on voice recognition and is easily configured to operate on any input that exhibits a pattern, e.g. iris scan. The FPR algorithm is not based on the typical approaches employing eigenfaces, minutia, wavelets, or other models and transforms, but uses specialized pattern processing to compare input features against enrolled features within a database. It is envisioned that this algorithm technology (currently a total software-implementation on a Laptop computer) coupled with conventional biometric tools will demonstrate superior performance as a general purpose biometric recognition toolset for commercial and-or military systems requiring multi-modal biometric fusion based personal identification.

Contact Info

47 Constitution Drive
Bedford, NH 03110
ULTRA-SCAN CORP. SOCOM 06-004 Tactical Biometric Registration and Recognition Suite

Abstract

The ability to positively identify individuals and exchange standardized information between disparate databases is critical to the success of the Global War on Terror. In response to this need, Ultra-Scan Corporation proposes to develop a rugged, one-man portable multimodal biometric solution offering reliability, high performance, and standardized data outputs for use in any operational environment under extreme temperatures and heavy moisture. Ultra-Scan will leverage prior multimodal experience and developments to achieve the functional design of a tactical biometric registration and recognition suite which will incorporate voice print, facial, rolled fingerprint, and iris biometric technologies. Over a six month work period, Ultra-Scan will perform an industry survey and evaluation of available COTS and deliver the design for hardware, software, and packaging components. Additionally, Ultra-Scan proposes to use our proprietary Automated Multimodal Biometric Identification System (AMBIS) for testing purposes, which will predict actual performance when deployed with the Department of Defense ABIS.

Contact Info

4240 Ridge Lea Rd
Amherst, NY 14226
PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP. SOCOM 06-006Nonintrusive Structure Blueprinting

Abstract

To address the SOCOM need for facility blueprinting of internal building structures, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Nonintrusive Structure Blueprinting (NSB) technology. This proposed NSB system is based on active pulsation scanning of low-frequency energy to extract three-dimensional layouts of target structures and people behind multiple layers of various composites, including metals. NSB measurement of location, elevation, and azimuth offers operators versatile applicability and portability in any tactical environment, including those where electromagnetic, optical, and ultrasonic energy cannot propagate. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of NSB by developing key components with specifications and algorithms. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize and finalize a prototype NSB system through engineering testing and validation of the design.

Contact Info

Information Technologies Division, 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
CESARONI TECHNOLOGY, INC. SOCOM 06-009 Individual Cooling Equipment

Abstract

Military ground mobility vehicles often operate in areas of high heat with no environmental conditioning systems for cooling the individual soldier or critical vehicle electronic systems. Typical vehicle climate control systems are large refrigerant-based systems that are not man portable. SOCOM has expressed a desire for cooling equipment that is man portable for short periods (~ 3 hours). This cooling equipment would be also usable for cooling 2-4 tactical radios mounted in a rack. Recent developments in fuel cell technology, coupled with the innovative use of lightweight heat exchange technology now make the prospect of man portable personnel cooling viable. We anticipate that the optimal solution to SOCOM's requirements will entail two systems, one hard mounted to the vehicle, the other man portable. The man portable system would be able to be recharged from the vehicle mounted system. The most effective individual cooling systems that are currently on the market involve a shirt or vest with large hose elements attached, as shown in the accompanying photo. These garments are them plugged into a large base unit, which circulates cold fluid through the tubes. Without the base units, the garments are simply dead weight. CTI's proposed solution to the portable man-cooling task builds on technology developed by Cesaroni Technology Inc. that includes a Peltier cooler (shown at right) embedded in a lightweight polymeric heat exchanger. The CTI system, when adapted to a man cooling design would entail fine polymeric tubing coupled to a Peltier device. Either a lithium polymer battery or a small fuel cell would power the system while the soldier is dismounted from the vehicle. The system could be charged from the vehicle while the soldier is in the vehicle. The hard mounted system would also use Peltier devices for the cooling of rack-mounted radios. The system could be charged from the vehicle while the soldier is in the vehicle. The CTI system would not require the use of refrigerants. Another advantage to the Peltier-based system is that simply reversing the electrical connections to the device changes the system from a cooler to a heater. This could be useful in operations that occur at night or in areas of extreme temperature fluctuation. System power for the portable system would come from either high energy density lithium-polymer batteries or small fuel cells. Both options show promise in the dimensions, weights and capacities required. Fuel cells are currently being developed for small portable applications, including laptop computers. Cells of this magnitude are believed to be applicable to the personnel cooling system. Similarly, lithium-polymer batteries have the benefits that they are light weight and possess excellent energy densities. They can also be readily made in a variety of shapes, thus facilitating integration into a man-portable system. Cesaroni Technology Inc. proposes to design, develop, fabricate and test a functioning prototype during Phase I of this program.

Contact Info

1144 Tallevast Road, Suite 108
Sarasota, FL 34243
PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP. SOCOM 06-009 Body Air Ventilation System

Abstract

To address the U.S. SOCOM need for an individual microcooling system that can be used with HMMWVs and FMTVs, operate while mounted in the vehicle, and function for limited periods while dismounted, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new modular Body Air Ventilation (BAV) system that does not contain any circulating heat transfer fluid. Each module is powered either separately or from a common rechargeable battery, which can be easily and quickly replaced. Batteries and BAV systems use the same 12 VDC power, which allows them to be used in any car or truck. While in the HMMWV or FMTV, removed batteries and individual systems are connected to the charger, which converts the 24 VDC electric power of the vehicle electric system to the 12 VDC supplied to the battery charger and microclimate systems installed both on soldiers and in the communication equipment rack. The BAV system weighs about 1.5 lb. and, because of modularity, is minimally vulnerable to damage and easily repairable; perforated air channels (actually miniducts) can be repaired with any adhesive tape. The BAV module contains no moving parts (excluding the microfans), and is thus less affected by combat conditions (mechanical shocks, impacts from projectiles).

Contact Info

Photonic Systems Division, 20600 Gramercy Place, B
Torrance, CA 90501
R*BAT, INC. SOCOM 06-009Individual Cooling Equipment

Abstract

Special Operations forces (SOF) operate in all weather conditions. It has identified a need for a micro-cooling system that can be vehicle mounted and man-portable, as well as provide a capability to cool vehicle mounted communications and electronics equipment. To meet the needs of SOF the system must be small, lightweight, quiet, low power, and gasless. We propose a compact micro-cooling system that meets, and exceeds, these requirements. Using a patent-pending Positive Displacement Non-Pulsating Pump, our product will cool air using a patented cooling method based upon Peltier thermo-electric cooling modules. We will address all issues and provide technical documentation that supports solutions to the heat-related problems and will provide documentation in support of a material resolution. We will develop overall system design to include specifications for size, weight, power, maintenance, integration, cost and configuration. In Phase II several prototypes will be built and provided for testing and evaluation in realistic urban and rural environments to prove merit and feasibility over extended operating conditions.

Contact Info

8878 Myrtle Hill Dr.
St. Francisville, LA 70775
TIBURON ASSOC., INC. SOCOM 06-009 Individual Cooling Equipment

Abstract

Develop an individual micro cooling system for ground mobility forces who are conducting mounted operations from armored High Mobility, Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWV); Ground Mobility Vehicles (modified HMMWV's); and the Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) with no environmental conditioning systems. Similar systems are also required for dismounted soldiers and rack mounted electronics, radio and communication gear. The hot desert environment compounded by closed crew compartments, protective clothing which restricts body breathing, and heat dissipated from the electronics, make the situation for the crew particularly tenuous and difficult to function at peak performance.

Contact Info

2111 Wilson Blvd, Suite 700
Arlington, VA 22201
PROGRESSIVE EXPERT CONSULTING, INC. SOCOM 06-010Interactive Language Trainer

Abstract

US Special Operations Command has a requirement for effective language training to equip SOF soldiers, sailors and airmen when they are deployed to foreign countries. We propose to create a system which would combine a user-friendly game and real-time interaction with subject matter experts. End users will have a fun, engaging application and also have the chance to engage live langauge experts. This maximizes learning effectiveness with both static and dynamic content.

Contact Info

100 Madison Street, Suite 1905
Syracuse, NY 13202
TACTICAL LANGUAGE TRAINING, LLC SOCOM 06-010 Tactical Language and Culture Trainer

Abstract

We propose to develop a computer-based training system for foreign languages and cultures by leveraging our Tactical Language and Culture Training System. The system is designed to enable the majority of trainees to quickly achieve an Inter-agency Language Round Table (ILR) Proficiency Level of at least 0+/0+/0+ while focusing on the communication skills and cultural awareness necessary to carry out typical Special Force missions. Trainees develop and practice their skills in the context of interactive exercises and videogame-based scenarios. Research in this effort will leverage our existing technology and focus on four major directions: (a) support for written language as well as spoken language, in order to promote reading and writing skills, (b) improving and automating system maintenance, troubleshooting and updates, (c) support for use in a distance learning context, compatible with SCORM interoperability standards, and (d) new tools and components to improve system and content scalability.

Contact Info

13101 W. Washington Blvd #214
Los Angeles, CA 90066
VCOM3D, INC. SOCOM 06-010Task-based Interactive Language and Culture Trainer

Abstract

For this Phase I SBIR project, we will identify promising, task-based instructional strategies for teaching foreign languages and cultures using authentic, interactive training vignettes. Using a standards-based framework for authoring and delivery, we will create proof-of-concept vignettes that place the learners in realistic situations in which they must try to elicit information from, or influence the behavior of, simulated characters that speak the target language and practice the culture of the region of interest. These vignettes will include student interaction through speech, text, navigation, and interaction with the environment. By conducting an evaluation of the proof-of-concept scenarios, we will develop a design baseline and estimates of cost and effectiveness for a Phase II development. We will also identify enhancements of instructional methodology and authoring tools required to improve training efficiency. For Phase II, we will use lessons learned from Phase I to develop a fully functional prototype course for training users to read, write, speak, and understand the selected language at a minimum of ILR level 0+/0+/0+ proficiency, and to retain at least 70% of cultural content taught.

Contact Info

3452 Lake Lynda Dr., Suite 260
Orlando, FL 32817
ADVANCED ACOUSTIC CONCEPTS, INC. SOCOM 06-013Maritime Surveillance Sensing Using Underwater High Frequency Acoustic Communication Receivers

Abstract

High-frequency acoustic modems are required to provide undersea communication networks to support covert surveillance operations. These modems can also be used as platforms for compact, low power surveillance sensors and processing. A natural first step would be to integrate a capability for passive acoustic detection of ships and submarines. A multi-phase effort is proposed for integrating passive acoustic detection, feature extraction, and automated classification into existing undersea modems being developed by SOCOM. A team-based approach will be used to provide the wide range of capabilities required for this effort. Extensive reuse will be made of existing development efforts at Teledyne-Benthos, Analysis, Design & Diagnostics (AD&D), and Advanced Acoustic Concepts (AAC) to minimize the development risk. The Teledyne-Benthos SM 75 undersea modem will be used as a target platform, providing an undersea networking capability while allowing the team to define the changes required to support an automated passive acoustic detection capability. AD&D will provide expertise in acoustic data collection, data analysis, and passive classification of narrowband, modulated and unmodulated broadband, acoustic intercept, and transient signals. AAC will modify existing CAUSS (Common Airborne USW Sensor Software) sonobuoy processing software to provide passive acoustic detection, feature extraction, and message generation and compression capabilities.

Contact Info

425 Oser Avenue
Hauppauge, NY 11788
CHAOTIC.COM SOCOM 06-013Maritime Surveillance Using Underwater Communication Receivers

Abstract

Many SOCOM-specific, passive, maritime, acoustic-surveillance operations cannot be accomplished using conventional sonar-system technologies. Maritime, passive-acoustic surveillance using some combination of submarines and the Advanced Deployable System is a traditional surveillance mission. But, the deployment and use of these capital-intensive assets for surveillance of many shallow-water passages, ports, and harbors open to use by irregular adversaries is inappropriate. These traditional technologies are also focused on long-range and large-area detection using sensors and signal processing that does not include non-traditional targets such as small surface craft. Our proposal addresses the design, construction and testing of sensors and signal-processing software for unconventional maritime surveillance. The sensors are variants of proven underwater-modem technology. In Phase I, signal-processing software appropriate to the constraints of this sensor and mission will be constructed and tested using data from the Harsh Environments Program.

Contact Info

P.O. Box 1010
Great Falls, VA 22066
HEAT, LIGHT, & SOUND RESEARCH, INC. SOCOM 06-013Maritime Surveillance Sensing Using Underwater High Frequency Acoustic Communication Receivers

Abstract

The Navy, the academic oceanographic community and the oil industry have embraced the use of underwater acoustic modems to take advantage of the many benefits that wireless operation brings to their applications. In this proposed SBIR effort, HLS Research Inc will take advantage of the resources already present in an acoustic modem, namely the acoustic pressure sensors and the signal processing capability, to develop detection, classification and localization/tracking algorithms for exploiting passively sensed acoustic data when the communications functions are not being used. The goal is to provide acoustic situational awareness of transiting surface ships and undersea platforms, using their acoustic signatures. HLS Research has organized or participated in a variety of high-frequency at-sea experiments, focused on both acoustic communications and marine mammal studies (where the passage of surface and other ships was of course an interference), in which high-frequency raw time series was recorded for days or weeks at a time, often on arrays of hydrophones. HLS Research will also take advantage of additional data-collection opportunities as they arise. These datasets will provide realistic data for a convincing demonstration of feasibility in this Phase I effort.

Contact Info

12730 High Bluff Drive, Suite 130
San Diego, CA 92130
PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP. SOCOM 06-013Maritime Surveillance Sensing Using Underwater High Frequency Acoustic Communication Receivers

Abstract

Special Operations Command desires an innovative approach to augment underwater acoustic modems with a passive sensing capability to detect ships and submarines. While providing the existing communications function, it is feasible to take advantage of the existing infrastructure by tapping the digital data stream from the acoustic modem receiver front end, and apply additional detection and classification signal processing to provide this additional ship detection function. This could expand the role of acoustic modems from being communication nodes in the underwater information grid to having both sensing and communication capabilities. The Progeny Systems Corporation team will conduct the necessary engineering analysis to demonstrate the feasibility of automated detection and classification of shipping using a commercial acoustic modem as the sensing element. In our Phase I effort we intend to obtain relevant target and ambient signatures in commercial acoustic modem high frequency (HF) detection bands, develop detection algorithms through application of Acoustic Intercept and Ranging (AI&R) processing strings to the target signature and noise data sets, assess the suitability of applying submarine sonar classification algorithms to the detected signatures, and derive system requirements and develop the conceptual hardware and software design for the Phase II prototype.

Contact Info

9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
AGILTRON CORP. SOCOM 07-005 Megapixel Uncooled Photomechanical LWIR Imager

Abstract

Agiltron has developed a breakthrough modular IR imaging technology that employs a photomechanical effect, in which an array of micro-machined sensor pixels converts IR radiation into visible light signals that can be optically detected by commercial off-the-shelf CMOS or CCD visible-light imagers. With commercial CMOS imagers achieving multi-megapixel resolution, the resolution of the modular Agiltron IR imager is thus only limited by the number of micro-machined sensors in the sensor pixel array. Scaling to higher resolution becomes only a matter of repeating the pixel structure by conventional MEMS fabrication, which already is capable of producing multi-megapixel devices, as exemplified by the Texas Instruments DLP display chips. High frame rates are readily achieved by using low-cost off-the-shelf CMOS imagers capable of frame rates of 500 fps and higher. In this manner, the Agiltron photomechanical IR imager has the unique capability to be produced with greater than one megapixel resolution and frame rates at 30 fps and above, yet only 1 W power consumption. Sensor array packaging is also greatly simplified and robust, as no electrical connections need to be incorporated. By leveraging Agiltron's vertically integrated manufacturing model, a 1280x960 LWIR imager meeting USSOCOM needs will be demonstrated in Phase II.

Contact Info

15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
NANTERO, INC. SOCOM 07-005High Resolution Long Wave Infrared Focal Plane Array Development

Abstract

Infrared (IR) detection is an integral part of the Global War on terrorism. Vandium Oxide based micro-bolometers are the current state of the art in uncooled IRFPA. The need for higher resolution 1280X960 arrays that operate at low power for man-portable applications include 24 hour surveillance and targeting . Carbon Nanotube (CNT) based IR detectors could fill this need. CNTs have unique electrical, optical, thermal, mechanical and chemical properties that may prove advantageous for IR sensors. Current Vandium oxide based IRFPAs are limited in sensitivity due to their noise floor. CNT technology has lower 1/f noise and thus increased sensitivity. Nantero, a leading nanotechnology company that has demonstrated capability in the fabrication of several nanoelectronic devices and has developed proprietary CNT technologies and integration methodologies using standard CMOS integration techniques such as spin-coating, lithography, reactive ion etching and metal deposition. Nantero has demonstrated the ability to integrate into the CMOS wafer fabrication processes at two major facilities. Using our CNT fabrics which can be patterned using standard CMOS lithographic techniques, large format specification compliant IRFPAs can be produced at high yield and low cost. Nantero proposes a unique pixel design that is simpler then current VOx microbolometer technology , yet capable of meeting the specifications listed in the SBIR solicitation. In addition this technology is dual use with several existing applications in the commercial market place which need large format uncooled IRFPA with increased sensitivity at low cost.

Contact Info

25E Olympia Avenue
Woburn, MA 01801
ZYBERWEAR, INC. SOCOM 07-005High Resolution Infrared Focal Plane Array

Abstract

A novel microbolometer focal plane array is proposed for use at 8-14 ?m having very low noise, no required thermoelectric stabilization, contrast over a very wide range of object temperature, and projected low cost in manufacture.

Contact Info

2114 New Victor Road
Ocoee, FL 34761
CEEBUS TECHNOLOGIES, LLC SOCOM 08-001Small Team Command, Control, Communications and Situational Awareness (C3SA)

Abstract

This proposal responds to SOCOM SBIR 08-001, ?Small Team Command, Control, Communications and Situational Awareness (C3SA)?. Small combat diving teams require situational awareness and low-probability- of-detection (LPD) communication both underwater and on-shore. Ceebus Technologies proposes a small, rugged, low-power, dual- environment communication and personnel-tracking system that improves limited-visibility situational awareness and C3 to a level commensurate with clear-visibility operations. A team-based effort will investigate real-time graphical display of individual team member locations; associated range, bearing, and depth (or altitude) information; the ability to seamlessly transition between environments; and the incorporation of LPD text messaging and voice communication. Ultimately, this capability will provide a common operational picture for Special Operations team members, undersea and surface mobility platforms, and tactical commanders in both environments.

Contact Info

1221 Pearl Street
Boulder, CO 80302
IISI CORP. SOCOM 08-001 Small Team Command, Control, Communications and Situational Awareness (C3SA)

Abstract

IISI Corporation proposes to develop a Small Team Command, Control Communications and Situational Awareness (C3SA) product to improve situational awareness while maintaining a Low Probability of Detection (LPD) for Special Operations teams in/under the water and on land. Phase I of the SBIR 08-001solicitation is limited to a Feasibility Study of the C3SA technology. IISI Corporation has assembled a highly qualified team to address this requirement. IISI has been developing covert communications systems for the government that meet the RF communications requirements for the C3SA. For the last 12 months Teledyne Benthos (Benthos) and Monitoring Technologies (MonTech) have been developing a Diver Data Acquisition Communications and Display (DACAD) system. DACAD has been developed past feasibility and proof of concept and is in pre-production prototype. By modifying and integrating these acoustic, display, and RF subsystems, the required functionality of the C3SA system can be met. A C3SA system will provide two transceiver modes that allow the information, tracking, and diver status to be communicated both within the air and water environments and between them. This will allow mission critical data (text, voice and screen shot images) to be communicated between swimmers and command elements.

Contact Info

19 Sterling Road P.O. Box 349 Unit 7
North Billerica, MA 01862
VIPMOBILE, INC. SOCOM 08-001Small Team Command, Control, Communications and Situational Awareness (C3SA)

Abstract

There is an operational need for small team command, control, communications and situational awareness (C3SA) for small combat diving teams. A requirement exists for a small, lightweight, and low- powered tactical system that provides low probability of detection and interception (LPD/LPI) communications and situational awareness. VIPMobile previously developed small, lightweight, low powered special reconnaissance devices for the ground ? Enhanced Image Capture and Transfer (EICT) device; and the air ? Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) Payload Interface Master Module (PIMM). This C3SA capability provides an all-in-one sea, air and land device. VIPMobile, will develop an all-inclusive ?Divers C3SA System? that leverages the state-of-the-art and can be used in the hostile underwater environment. This unit will use the most secure waveforms and frequencies available. The System will have an interface which will be easy to view and operate in the underwater environment. In addition, VIPMobile will investigate, analyze and develop a system that will allow a seamless transition from water-to-land communications and vice versa that satisfies LPD/LPI requirements.

Contact Info

120 Montgomery Street Suite 2000
San Francisco, CA 94104
YOTTA NAVIGATION CORP. SOCOM 08-001Small Team Command, Control, Communications and Situational Awareness (C3SA)

Abstract

Yotta Navigation proposes to develop the SOCOM divePDA a rugged, secure, high-precision, handheld real-time navigation and communications system suitable for military operations. This system will take advantage of Yotta?s existing expertise in several areas: network security, inertial (INS) and differential GPS-assisted navigation, user interface design, above- and sub-surface communications, efficient integration of components from mainstream suppliers, and our deep knowledge of real-time systems. Yotta?s modular, extensible approach will bring consistently reliable sub-meter dynamic positioning, depth and attitude, full-duplex voice, high-data rate throughput in excess of ten (10) hertz, and the ability to track horizontal and vertical position even in the total absence of GPS. This solution also features innovative security and low probability of detection (LPD) techniques. Because the proposed SBIR solution can be built around an existing Yotta divePDA solution platform and architecture, a field-testable prototype system is achievable by the end of the Phase I. This Phase I effort will culminate in a high-quality proof-of-concept design, testable prototype, and quantifiable performance results. The approach will also permit significant time for testing, optimizations and enhancements during Phase II. The primary tracking device will maximize the use of recent advances in commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technologies. It will be extensible and allow for future anticipated GPS Modernization improvements, especially the evolution of military P(Y) capable devices to support M-Code. Components of the test system will closely match the existing GPS infrastructure already in place to support the warfighter, with a natural transition path from the

Contact Info

3365 Mauricia Avenue
Santa Clara, CA 95051
ATKINS & PEARCE, INC. SOCOM 08-002 Deep Submergence Rated Flexible Hoses and Piping System Connectors

Abstract

Connecting deep submergence systems (submarines) in the field can be a dangerous and difficult task. The rigid piping systems used today have little flexibility to accommodate for variations in connection points and differences in tolerances between vessels. Atkins & Pearce, a 200 year old textile processing company, has developed a technology that uses a multi-layered approach to create a high pressure hose that is extremely flexible. Inspired by the human body, A&P?s technology uses a braided substrate in conjunction with high strength reinforcement rings. Taking existing technology and expertise in the field of fiber science, A&P developed the innovated concept of using compression resistant coils to withstand external pressures and a braided sub-structure to contain internal pressures. A&P?s technology combines burst protection, compression resistance, flexibility, and the ability to attach to a variety of connection points. The system can eliminate unnecessary spare parts and make the job of connecting Deep Submergence Systems easier and safer. Potential civilian applications include offshore oil platforms, deep-sea science research and other underwater systems.

Contact Info

One Braid Way
Covington, KY 41017
MEI-CHARLTON, INC. SOCOM 08-002Deep Submergence Rated Flexible Hoses and Piping System Connectors

Abstract

The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of developing flex hoses for hydraulic and other piping system interfaces that can withstand high pressure environments, hydrodynamic, and other forces unique to deep submergence system operating environments. This hose and connecter system coined FlexiHOSE? proposed by MEI-Charlton, Inc. (MEIC) will meet the need of operating under deep submergence operating environments with extreme hydrostatic and dynamic pressures. This will be achieved by both design optimization and material choice in engineering the hose and connector system proposed here. A super alloy braid sandwiched within polymer layers will be the basis of the FlexiHOSE?. The desired properties of the selected materials are high strength, high impact toughness and fracture toughness to tolerate the high level of stresses generated due to high internal pressure vary from 1 atmosphere up to 4,500 PSI.. The mockup prototype flexible hoses proposed here will range between one foot to ten feet in length, and from 1/2 to 4 inches in diameter (inner). The hoses will be designed to contain hydraulic fluid or diver quality air. The hoses proposed here will be able to withstand pressure differentials (internal to external) of up to 6,500 PSI (threshold) and 7,000 PSI (objective). In addition to accommodate the external pressure variations the hoses design will withstand pressure differentials (external to internal) of 1,000 PSI (threshold) and 1,100 PSI (objective). The hose ends will be standard nine inch bolted flange connections with a single O-Ring and the hose flange connections will rotate freely relative to the hose body. The proposed FlexiHOSE? products when in use will allow navy to overcome the necessity of

Contact Info

7220 North Lombard St
Portland, OR 97203
ACELLENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC. SOCOM 08-003 Embedded Sensor System to Provide Superior Structural Health Monitoring of Fairing Panels

Abstract

Swimmer delivery systems, externally mounted on submarines, are subject to hydrodynamic flow and irregular wave-slap loads. These result in unsteady, alternating impacts that can damage exposed surfaces. It is important to track the cumulative stresses imposed on the fairing panels to provide operators with a sense of the remaining service life of the panels. Fairing Panel failure could be catastrophic to operations. Since surface mounted sensors can become damaged or dislodged during normal operational use, there is a need to develop a reliable, durable embedded sensor system. In order to be able to make accurate measurements from embedded sensors, these challenges must be dealt with: (1) Sensor movement during the manufacture of composite, (2) Survivability to high temperature/high pressure composite manufacturing environments, (3) Compatibility of composite materials and sensors, and (4) Ability to make ?measurement calibrations? to compensate for the effect of 3-D stresses. In this proposal, Acellent will address and overcome all of the major challenges faced for embedding stress/strain sensors within Fairing Panel composites. Acellent?s unique "SMART Layer" technology has been demonstrated to securely embed sensors, keeping them from moving, during the cure of composites. This advanced technical ability will be used as a basis for this development.

Contact Info

835 Stewart Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC. SOCOM 08-003Distributed Sensing System for Health Monitoring of Deep Submergence Vehicles

Abstract

Deep submergence vehicles must perform in demanding marine environments to safely and effectively carry out special operations. These vehicles are subjected to damaging hydrodynamic and wave impact loading that may weaken or fail the structure. Luna Innovations proposes a distributed health monitoring system to monitor localized strain and damage within the vehicle?s structure and predict its remaining service life. The embedded sensing system promises to integrate seamlessly within existing vehicle structure and/or within the manufacturing processes of future composite marine structures. The sensing system will be small and light and will have no damaging effect on the mechanical properties of the material being monitored. The sensor system will provide unmatched resolution to accurately measure the strain throughout the entire structure and pinpoint the presence of damage before it compromises the structure?s integrity. Composite durability testing will be carried out to develop material specific prognostic models and algorithms to provide operators with data on the loading history and predictions of the remaining service life.

Contact Info

1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
SEACOAST SCIENCE, INC. SOCOM 08-005 Speciation, Identification and Quantification of Atmospheric Gases

Abstract

Accurate speciation and measurement of the composition of air environments in Navy submersibles is vital to crew safety and health. This proposal focuses on the development of a detection system specifically for collection, speciation, identification and quantification of gas phase chemicals found aboard submersibles. The proposed hybrid sensor system will be approximately 1/10 the size and cost of traditional bench top analytical instruments and will be capable of unmanned sample collection and battery-powered operation without compressed gas. We believe no single chemical detector technology will be able to serve the solicited detection requirements. The proposed system will utilize multiple sensor technologies to meet the requirements of the solicitation, including chemicapacitive, metal-oxide, and electrochemical sensors integrated with a preconcentration/chromatography system; thus combining selectivity from a diverse array of sensors with a miniature sampling system for amplified sensitivity. Specific components include: a vapor collection pump, a gas sampling loop, sample preconcentrator capable of quick heating and in stages, capillary column for separating chemicals released from the preconcentrator, providing selectivity, integrated array of chemical sensors including chemoselective chemicapacitors, chemiresistive metal-oxides, and electrochemical sensors, and integrated touch screen computer.

Contact Info

2151 Las Palmas Drive Suite C
Carlsbad, CA 92011
SENSOR RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT CORP. SOCOM 08-005Lightweight, Compact Atmospheric Gas Sensor

Abstract

SRD will develop a miniaturized atmospheric gas sensor array and design a gas analyzer (sensor analyzer module, SAM) capable of accurately detecting and autonomously monitoring critical atmospheric gases in enclosed spaces. In this Phase I effort, SRD will use its current, existing technology (miniaturized sensor platform, proprietary SMO sensor coatings and advanced signal processing algorithms) and make appropriate engineering modifications to meet the environmental background challenges specified by the solicitation. O2, CO2, CO and TCA will be detected and identified in real-time, in a continuous monitoring mode at pressures ranging from 1 to 6 ATM, temperatures of 32 to 105 degrees F, and a wide range of humidity. The low power requirement of the sensor array and supporting electronics will lead to rapid development of a lightweight, portable, waterproof atmospheric SAM, suitable for environmental monitoring and atmospheric control applications aboard small submersible vessels, within piping systems or adapted for use in atmospheric monitoring and control of UBAs. The portable gas analyzer will be used as an autonomous real-time gas monitor with the option of linking multiple analyzers together with wireless communication to create a distributed environmental gas monitoring network.

Contact Info

17 Godfrey Drive
Orono, ME 04473
SYNKERA TECHNOLOGIES, INC. SOCOM 08-005Lightweight, Compact Atmospheric Gas Sensor

Abstract

The objective of the SBIR project is to develop a lightweight and compact atmospheric and trace gas sensors that can be safely used within the Scope of Certification boundary to provide real-time monitoring of CO2, O2 and trace contaminant levels in manned compartments or within piping systems onboard submersibles. .Synkera has extensive experience at development of sensor technologies for industrial health and safety, air quality and process control applications. Synkera proposes to adapt its family of sensor technologies based upon chemiresistive, electrochemical and acoustic mechanisms to meet the needs identified in SOCOM topic 08-005. Synkera?s toxic gas sensors have been shown to detect ppb levels of a wide range of atmospheric contaminants, and are robust and reliable. The proposed analyzer will utilize sensors based upon advances in materials chemistry, nanotechnology and ceramic micromachining to exceed the performance available from state of the art commercial devices.

Contact Info

2021 Miller Dr. Suite B
Longmont, CO 80501
Mide Technology Corporation SOCOM 09-001 Thermally Insulative Diving Suit

Abstract

USSOCOM Special Operations Divers operate in harsh environments, often exposed to extreme cold temperaturess for extended periods of time. An advanced thermal protection system is required that provides enhanced thermal protection at cold temperatures as well as reduced thermal performance at elevated temperatures to prevent overheating. Mide proposes to combine nanomaterials with hydrogels to adjust the thermal insulation of a diving suit. The hydrogels are engineered to adapt to changing temperatures, absorbing more water at colder temperatures, thus increasing the overall thickness of the insulation and expelling water at warmer temperatures to reduce the overall garment insulation. BENEFITS: The following technology will have a wide range of applications in thermal protection garments. In particular, recreational divers will benefit from the adaptive insulation which will ease the transition from cold water to warmer surface temperatures. Aside from diving suits, this technology can be used to increase the insulation value of tents and shelters.

Contact Info

200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155
NanoSonic, Inc. SOCOM 09-001 (Shape Memory Integrated Vital Energy Resource) SHIVER-Suit for SOF Divers

Abstract

NanoSonic would develop ultra-lightweight (0.98 g/cc), breathable, nanostructured, yet large area Metal Rubber? Skins and Textiles with active thermal control. The proposed SHIVER-Suits (Shape Memory Integrated Vital Energy Resource) for U.S. Special Operation Forces are expected to extend both the comfort and time of the Divers? missions. Shape Memory-Metal Rubber? garments based on shape memory polymers (SMP) and Ag nanoparticles resulting in antimicrobial garments capable of insulating and cooling on demand. SHIVER-suit textiles are not a filled composite, rather a free standing ?unfilled? nanocomposite formed in-situ by the conformal and covalent self-assembly of nanostructured particles and high performance copolymers onto high performance textile substrates. Unlike air and water impermeable crosslinked butyl rubber, Shape Memory- Metal Rubber? would breathe at elevated temperatures, allowing perspiration to permeate on land. SHIVER-suit?s nanopores close in response to winter maritime conditions, proving extended insulation. The garment?s low-end glass transition temperature is < -65?C (flexible in ice water), is impermeable to harsh solvents, can be repeatedly stretched > 1000% strain, and laundered without delamination or loss of performance. The TRL of durable, comfortable SHIVER-suits shall be increased to TRL 6 during Phase I, and TRL 9 during Phase III when demonstrated by our U.S. SOF divers. BENEFITS: NanoSonic shall develop and qualify lightweight and breathable, SHIVER-Suits (Shape Memory Integrated Vital Energy Resource) for U.S. Special Operation Forces to increase the comfort and extend the time of the Divers? missions in harsh subambient conditions. The comfortable garments would allow for comfort on land or undersea via active thermally controlled nanopores. NanoSonic?s novel, high performance SMP Metal Rubber? with chemically tailored nanochannels with active breathability would also serve military and civilian responders to chemical warfare areas. The garments will be scaled up and delivered to SOCOM and our defense prime partners for durability and thermal performance verification to increase the technology readiness level (TRL) from TRL 4 to 6 during Phase I. Down-selected garments will be transitioned to a continuous roll-to-roll film fabrication process to increase the TRL to 8 during Phase II and transitioned to the field during Phase III at TRL 9.

Contact Info

P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
TDA Research, Inc. SOCOM 09-001Novel Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection of Special Operations Divers

Abstract

Environmental protection is a critical need for special operations forces which dive in cold water during their missions. Thermally protective diving suit must be able to provide significant thermal barriers as well as withstand high compressive loads when underwater. Current diver wet suits and dry suits are limited by their materials of construction in the degree of thermal protection they can provide. New solutions are desired to provide enhanced diver comfort, mission effectiveness, and expanded ability to operate in extremely cold environments. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) has proposed a novel nanomaterial composite which can provide exceptional thermal and structural support for superior environmental control. BENEFITS: This technology has potential benefits to both military and civilians applications. In addition to military diving missions, recreational divers can use the product developed by this SBIR. Further, the insulating materials may have applications in other cold weather protective clothing and equipment beyond diving garments.

Contact Info

12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Aerodyne Research, Inc. SOCOM 09-002Low Visibility Decoy Flare

Abstract

Low visibility flares offer significant advantages for nighttime protection of rotary wing vehicles. Aerodyne Research Inc (ARI) and its teaming partner ATK propose flares having nearly same intensity in IR bands of interest while having greatly reduced visibility. The Phase I program will build on previous work performed by ARI on low visibility flares to identify candidate flare compositions having good performance. Visible and infrared radiation models will evaluate candidate decoy formulations. The best compositions will be prepared at ATK facilities and tested. Spectral measurements will quantify emission in the radiometric bands of interest. A business plan for commercialization of the technology will be developed. BENEFITS: The new technology decoy formulation will provide greatly improved protection of SOF rotary wing aircraft in nighttime conditions. It is expected to be readily adaptable to DoD applications such as "low and slow" cargo aircraft, and it could well serve as a "search and rescue" tool for downed pilots to covertly signal their location for pickup or as an "IFF tool" for ground vehicles in hostile territory. As a dual-use technology it offers significant potential for the protection of civilian aircraft in nighttime conditions.

Contact Info

45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821
Exquadrum, Inc SOCOM 09-002 Flare with Optically Invisible Light Signature (Foils)

Abstract

The proposed program will theoretically and experimentally assess and identify innovative technologies, and advanced materials that emit an effective infra-red (IR) countermeasure in the desired IR spectrum range while minimizing detectable signatures in the visible light spectrum. During the research effort, the project team will develop the initial technical design and supporting documentation for a low visibility decoy flare to be deployed from standard rotary wing aircraft flare dispensers. The proposed technology is an innovative extension of proven combustion and propellant technology. BENEFITS: The technology resulting from this proposed research effort will enhance survivability of military aircraft and cruise that are exposed to attacks from munitions employing IR guidance systems. The resulting, new technology flare will reduce the visible signature that highlights a targeted aircraft?s position and increases its vulnerability to additional threats and attacks.

Contact Info

12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
General Sciences, Incorporated SOCOM 09-002Low Visibility Decoy Flare

Abstract

Low visibility rotary aircraft decoys are needed to protect vehicles against heat seeking missile attacks without illuminating the target which exposes the aircraft to small arms fire and potentially compromising the mission. The novel approach to this challenge is to produce a decoy which emits only in the bands of interest utilizing techniques such as containment and composition selection to optimize performance from the limited volume of existing dispensers. Reactive materials will be used to generate heat which will produce a hot cloud of molten metal and hot CO2 gas neither of which will produce a visible signature, but will produce the IR signal desired. This effort can be leveraged to create a non visible signaling flare useful for covert target marking and covert rescue efforts. BENEFITS: Commercial aircraft decoy protection can benefit from this technology. The development of a low temperature/ low visibility decoy will allow the devices to be deployed without the risk of fires while still providing safety for the aircraft, particularly during take off and landings.

Contact Info

205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton, PA 18964
Charles River Analytics Inc. SOCOM 09-003Registration of EO and LIDAR using an Interoperability Architecture for Net-Centric Environments (RELIANCE)

Abstract

The ?see first, understand first, act first, finish decisively? principle requires that military commanders and analysts be provided a complete, up-to-the-second view of the battlefield. Currently deployed full motion video (FMV) sensors provide crucial real-time situational awareness, but suffer from limited field of view and lack of geographical context. Augmenting current FMV displays with 3D light detecting and ranging (LIDAR) data, geographic information, and real-time intelligence would provide the user with a better understanding of video content in the context of the battlefield. Precise geo- registration is required to enable this type of display; however, existing solutions are limited to specific equipment configurations and have long processing timelines. To address these shortcomings, we propose a system for Registration of EO and LIDAR using an Interoperability Architecture for Net-Centric Environments (RELIANCE). RELIANCE features an interoperability layer to allow integration of various commercial and government off-the-shelf (COTS/GOTS) sensors and visualization software. Geo- registration is performed using a hybrid 2D/3D bundle adjustment technique to refine initial estimates from direct geo-referencing. To handle all types of environments and terrain, bundle adjustment uses two types of tie points selected from video frames: one from 2D- to-2D matching using reference imagery, and one from 3D-to-3D matching using LIDAR data. BENEFITS: This system could be used across all ISR platforms within DoD and law enforcement agencies where accurate geo-location and FMV sensors are used to track or observe targets. In addition to offering great benefit to force protection and perimeter surveillance applications, it could also be used for mapping applications, commercial robotic vision systems, agriculture and environmental studies, and to augment civilian surveying equipment.

Contact Info

625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Mosaic ATM, Inc. SOCOM 09-003 Geo And Ortho Rectified Video With Fused 3d Mapping, Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR), And Live Video Overlays

Abstract

The Mosaic ATM team proposes an innovative real-time exploitation framework for video and Lidar processing whose structure can be reconfigured at optempo to meet evolving requirements. We propose to leverage the tremendous commercial investment in products, such as Google Earth, for 3D coincident display of Lidar and video streams processed using mature technology components whose integration will be made possible with the Advanced Lidar and Video Exploitation (ALiVE) framework being proposed by the Mosaic team. Our vision for a modular, open framework is a refreshing and long overdue departure from the closed solutions in use today. In Phase I, we provide the gov?t with a prototype system based on COTS and FOSS components for near real-time georegistration and display of video and Lidar. The Mosaic team will also establish an open, modular framework that can be scaled and extended to new sensors, processing, and users. Mosaic ATM has teamed with EarthNC and BAE to create a highly qualified team capable of rapid innovation and expedient technology transition to the warfighter. BENEFITS: Development of Mosaic ATM''s Advanced Lidar and Video Exploitation (ALiVE) framework will provide new capabilities in sensor registration as well as multi-sensor dynamic modeling of environments whose physical structure is plagued with uncertainty and subject to change on time scales of operational relevance. ALiVE?s use of government controlled and open standards for communication and data management will provide the Department of Defense with a Video/Lidar processing solution that exhibits both tremendous longevity and the plug-n-play configurability that technology providers have thus far failed to deliver. Semi and fully autonomous platforms equipped with Video and Lidar sensors will benefit from a new found capability to accurately assess terrain structure online and immediately adjust computer vision algorithms tasked with interpreting the environment using passive imagers.

Contact Info

801 Sycolin Road Suite 212
Leesburg, VA 20175
Toyon Research Corp. SOCOM 09-003 Geo And Ortho Rectified Video With Fused 3d Mapping, Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR), And Live Video Overlays

Abstract

While full motion video (FMV) data contains a wealth of information, its potential for providing actionable intelligence cannot be realized unless the data is provided within its geographic context and is correlated with available intelligence from human assets. To provide the necessary contextual, registration to/fusion with GIS data is a natural choice. This requires both geo- and ortho-rectification of the video frames based on measurements of the sensor position and orientation, knowledge of the natural and man- made terrain from 3D map and LIDAR data, and video data-driven processing. Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop an automated sensor calibration and pixel geo-registration system using a suite of innovative algorithms which are applicable for various video sensors. The algorithms do not require a priori estimates of the intrinsic or extrinsic sensor parameters or of the terrain. Nevertheless, any available information (for example, initial calibration estimates, GPS and/or inertial measurements, DTED, LIDAR range maps, or geo-registered orthoimages) can be used by the algorithms with the benefit of improved estimation accuracy and/or improved computational efficiency. The processing is performed using an innovative, computationally-efficient particle filtering algorithm that Toyon has developed for this purpose. When completed, the software will provide, among other benefits, FMV windows with optional intelligence overlays displayed in a viewpoint congruent manner. BENEFITS: The successful completion of this research and development will result in a net centric, open architecture, operating system independent software solution providing near real-time geo- and ortho-rectification of live full motion video, with fusion and viewpoint-congruent display of LIDAR and 3D mapping data with intelligence overlays. This will allow surveillance and tactical asset operators and commanders, as well as geographically distributed analysts, to maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of sensor data exploitation. For example, this technology would be useful for surveillance over challenging terrain along portions of the US Southern and Northern borders, as well as in law enforcement, disaster monitoring and response management, transportation studies, surveying, and environmental monitoring. The technology could even be used to provide improved realism in personnel training and computer gaming.

Contact Info

6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
NuWaves Ltd. SOCOM 09-004 Man Portable Hand Held Wireless Network Survey Interrogation Tool (WiNSIT)

Abstract

The ability to Find, Fix, and Finish enemy combatants is highly desirable to winning wars. The capability to positively identify High Value Targets / High Value Individuals is one method to insure success in any conflict, specifically counterinsurgency. Surgical precision in tracking known terrorists, and the ability to remove them from the battlefield allows for fast and decisive change within any conflict. To perform this complex mission, operators need to quickly identify the type of network to exploit. NuWaves? innovative solutions will be applied to designing and developing a state-of-the?art multi- communications network exploitation tool that will allow U.S. Forces to quickly and accurately perform network surveys on all major communications infrastructures. This new system will combine a myriad of existing network survey tools into one condensed form factor. The system will also have the capability to save network survey information locally to be exported to common mapping formats. During the phase I effort, NuWaves will perform cost/benefit trade-off study of commercial wireless networking chipsets taking into account size, weight, power, and cost factors. Detailed circuit modeling, simulation, hardware prototyping, and performance characterization will be accomplished to validate the concept. BENEFITS: The enhanced survey tool will enable operators to quickly determine available communications architectures with precision. It will not only immediately benefit units combating the war on terror, but will also benefit other U.S. Government agencies that are in need of locating available telecommunication nodes. NuWaves? innovative survey techniques have significant commercialization potential not only in Department of Defense operational and tactical missions but can be exploited throughout the entire Intelligence community including: CIA, FBI, and NSA.

Contact Info

Research and Technology Center 122 Edison Drive
Middletown, OH 45044
Tampa Microwave SOCOM 09-004 Man Portable Hand Held Survey Device

Abstract

Advanced signal processing techniques based on existing Tampa Microwave signal intelligence receiver hardware, University of South Florida cellular recognition software and Athena Group FPGA products will be utilized to demonstrate a wide bandwidth, fast scan manportable cellular scanning device. BENEFITS: Power consumption, size, stare bandwidth and scan speed for hand held communications intercept devices will be improved by the commericalization of this device. Utilization of this same hardware/software as the front end for a compact, manportable, wide bandwidth communications transmisstion Direction Finding receiver will also be feasible.

Contact Info

12160 Race Track Rd
Tampa, FL 33626
Applied Physical Sciences Corp. SOCOM 09-005Compact, Efficient Motor Controllers with Active Noise Cancellation

Abstract

Most commercial motor controllers (MC?s) operate at relatively low switching frequency that produces a detectable acoustic signature and therefore drives the Navy to procure MC?s operating at higher frequencies in order to reduce acoustic signature. These custom MC?s, however, still generate significant noise, are not sufficiently reliable, and have obsolete components. APS will develop an innovative active noise and vibration cancellation (ANVC) system to reduce the acoustic and vibration signatures of today?s commercial MC?s to levels that will not contribute to the host vehicle?s acoustic vulnerability. The APS ANVC system will mitigate noise and vibration generated by multiple internal sources and transmitted to the hull by either structure-borne or air-borne paths. The system will be comprised entirely of COTS components thereby minimizing cost and facilitating technology refresh. Key products of Phase 1 include: ? Measurements on a representative COTS MC to provide engineering data essential to ANVC system design ? A preliminary design for the proof-of-principle system to be developed and demonstrated in Phase 2 that will obtain at least 90% (i.e., 10 dB) reduction in broadband noise power The Phase 2 proof-of-principle system will provide the basis for DT&E of an operational prototype in Phase 3. BENEFITS: According to the recent ?USSOCOM Technology Needs Briefing for Center of Excellence for Research in Ocean Sciences? prepared by PEO-Naval Systems, Advanced Maritime Systems, ?SOF combatant submersibles (CS) require lower cost HM&E technology for dry manned submersibles.? The proposed technology directly addresses this need. However, the application and benefits will extend far beyond noise mitigation for motor controllers for dry manned submersibles. Not only will the MC-ANVC technologies developed under this effort be widely applicable to noise mitigation of small to moderate size motor controllers in any noise-critical Naval platform, the technology will be generally applicable to any machinery or equipment that generates noise and vibration. Thus there is wide industrial as well as military application and benefit from this technology.

Contact Info

475 Bridge Street Suite 100
Groton, CT 06340
Physical Optics Corporation SOCOM 09-005Universal Active Noise Patch Cancellation

Abstract

To address the SOCOM need for an active noise cancellation system for thrust motor controllers, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Universal Active Noise Patch Cancellation (UANPAC) system based on a multifold active reduction patch (MARP) as a smart-skin-type acoustic actuator and an adaptive time-varying controller (ATVC) as a real-time adaptive ANC controller. The UANPAC system provides an open, universal control architecture enabling easy add-on to any type of motor controller without modification. The ATVC will be based on POC?s proprietary ANC algorithms, whereas MARP will be newly developed for the UANPAC application as a flat, skin-like, stick-on actuator or a flat (or curved) plate with attached MARPs. Responding to motor controller noise, the ATVC will suppress broadband noise with the MARP actuator, reproducing antinoise through the housing surface of a motor controller. In Phase I, POC will develop and demonstrate a Phase I UANPAC prototype and a business plan for its commercialization. In Phase II, we plan to develop a functional UANPAC prototype and conduct testing in a laboratory environment to validate the accuracy, efficiency, and reliability of the prototype system while operating in a simulated environment at varying loads. BENEFITS: As an effective means of controlling structural/acoustic noise, the UANPAC system will have myriad civilian applications, including vibration suppression, noise minimization, and vibration cancellation in marine motors and engines, including quieting motors for use in auditoriums, theatres, and opera houses, or ambient noise cancellation in commercial or residential buildings.

Contact Info

Information Technologies Division 1839 W. 205th St
Torrance, CA 90501
Signal Systems Corporation SOCOM 09-005Compact, Efficient Motor Controllers with Active Noise Cancellation

Abstract

SSC will use a novel rafting concept that reduces the area authority fo the Active Noise Cancellation solution. This approach is patented and demonstrated in the Smart Skins Demonstration (S2D) program. Mature algorithms provide a low risk path to a Phase I demonstration and a Phase II insertion BENEFITS: The rafting concept enables flexibiity in adapting any COTS controller to severe space constraints

Contact Info

877 Baltimore Annapolis Blvd Suite 210
Severna Park, MD 21146
AMERICAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES CO SOCOM 10-001Stealth Conformant Coatings for Diver Dry Suits

Abstract

American Energy Technologies Co., a woman-owned small business concern of Illinois, will partner with Georgia Institute of Technology of Atlanta, GA and Clemson University of South Carolina in order to develop and qualify a matrix of conformant clad coatings for outer garments of rubberized dry suits used by free swimming Special Operations Forces Divers. The principle constituents of these exterior coatings will be hard hydrophobic lightweight granules ranging in size +100 mesh (min) to ?? (max), with a bulk density in the range of 1.85 to 2.25 g/cc. The coatings will be flexible, durable, and will provide for near maximum levels of laceration and puncture protection as specified in ASTM F1790 and ASTM F1342, respectively. These coatings will also have adequate abrasion resistance, will feature deep opaque green to dull gray disguise coloring thus helping make SOFDs near invisible during operations in shallow waters. The coatings are also expected to have appreciable ballistic protection properties at the threat level of at least type IIA per NIJ Standard?0101.06. BENEFITS: Coatings being proposed will be clad as an external layer to existing dry suits of special operations divers. These coatings will help improve current suit technology by serving multiple purposes including: (1) protection of divers from marine-borne sharp object threats (stinging marine life, coral, rock, shark, etc.), (2) passive protection from personnel threats (knife, spear in the water and light bullet on the surface), (3) disguise divers from visibility by naked eye during operations in shallow waters, (4) will add some weight to the dry suit thus permitting easier (e.g. faster) ingress of divers into the water, and (5) will help reduce exchange of heat between diver?s body and the ambient environment (a pro for missions in cold and too warm water). If/when successfully commercialized into the dry suits for shallow water operations, the next logical segue of the proposed coating technology would be into the deep-sea free swimming scuba costumes. Outside of SOCOM, the applications may include puncture resistant coatings for US Coast Guard, gloves for TSA passenger security screening personnel at the airports and on other checkpoints (DHS). Civilian wear-resistant applications include protection of moving or impacted parts of industrial equipment such as chutes / hoppers, exhaust fan blades and housing, nozzles, cyclone separators, etc.

Contact Info

3825 Lizette Ln.
Glenview, IL 60026
EY Technologies SOCOM 10-001 3-D Epoxy Printed Fabrics (Woven, Knits, Stretch Knits) for Integrated Sharp Object Protection for Dive Suit or Dive Skin Garment and Body Mapped Prot

Abstract

EY Technologies (EYT) proposes to accomplish three key objectives in this effort: 1) Generate 3-D Epoxy Printed Fabric Surfaces for Integrated Dive-Suit Sharp Object Protection. 2) Generate 3-D Epoxy Printed Knit Fabrics for Dive-Skin Garment for Sharp Object Protection 3) Body Mapped Sharp Object Protection Dive-Suit Design EYT has partnered with Polartec?, HDM, WhitesDiving to address the lack of Sharp object protection in current Dive Suit Systems. EYT proposes development of 3-D Epoxy Printed Fabrics (Woven, Knits, Stretch Knits) for cut, abrasion, puncture and penetration protection, for diver on land or water from sharp objects in either dive-suit or dive-skin form. EYT?s approach builds on traditional approach for protection from sharp objects, i.e. high cover factor or dense woven fabrics from Warwick Mills, which typically yields heavier woven fabrics that, have no give or stretch, which will likely hinder the diver?s motion both in water and on land. EYT proposed Body Mapped Protection Dive Suit approach provides flexibility to incorporate, any type or combination of fabric layers, tailored to trauma susceptibility of body parts from sharp objects. EYT team members: Polartec?, HDM, WhitesDiving?, UMass MarineTechCenter, bring together a strong team that will ensure success of the proposed program and commercialization. BENEFITS: The 3-D Epoxy Printed Fabrics (woven, knits, or coated yarn stretch knits) are highly resilient and flexible that generates extremely durable sharp object protection (cut, abrasion, penetration, puncture, laceration) yet do not mitigate SOCOM Divers actions, motion or operational tasks in any threat environment both in water and on land, is highly desirable for applications beyond Military in commercial applications. Such a system would have great application in Commercial Dive Suit Market, Industrial Market (Oilmen, Fishing); Clothing for active sports people (Hunting, Climbing etc.) would be another target market. Companies will readily integrate this Lightweight 3-D Epoxy printed fabric layers system into consumer products and markets (gloves, jackets, shoes etc.).

Contact Info

Div. of Pascale Industries, Inc. 939 Currant Road
Fall River, MA 02720
NanoSonic, Inc. SOCOM 10-001Lightweight, Highly Flexible Ceramic Copolymer Composite Liners for Providing Multi-Threat Laceration, Abrasion and Puncture Protection to Special Ope

Abstract

The objective of this Phase I SBIR program is to design, construct and qualify next generation ceramic copolymer drysuit liners for providing multi-threat protection to special operations forces (SOF) divers from laceration, abrasion and puncture threats. The proposed lightweight, highly flexible liner technology will be designed for integration within currently employed drysuit ensembles and thus have immediate utility for imparting diver protection from an array of threat scenarios without compromising free-swimming maneuverability or continuous water to land operations. In addition, the proposed diver protection system will provide ballistic protection through its multiple threat defeating mechanisms. NanoSonic?s drysuit liners will integrate innovative ceramic polymer armor materials within shear thickening Kevlar? and Dyneema? fibers to provide lightweight (< 1 lb / sq. ft.) drysuit liners with exceptional abrasion resistance and shear thickening ceramic nanoparticles that protect from both puncture and laceration threats. This effort will build from NanoSonic?s independently validated hybrid nanocomposite armor materials that have demonstrated independently validated abrasion resistance against high velocity solid particles, durability against high velocity fragment simulation projectiles, and protection from buried C4 landmine explosives. Optimized drysuit liner materials will be supplied to suggested SOF diver drysuit manufacturers for trial integration efforts during the base 6-month effort. BENEFITS: NanoSonic?s highly flexible, lightweight ceramic nanocomposite drysuit armor liners have envisioned utility within a broad spectrum of soldier armor ensembles and field protective equipment. By combining the exceptional flexibility, impact durability, flame resistance and mechanical strength of NanoSonic?s antiballistic hybrid copolymers with reinforcing, shear thickening Kevlar? and Dyneema? composites, an innovative class of armor capable of defeating a broad spectrum of ballistic, puncture, laceration and abrasive threats will be realized. Importantly, researchers will tailor the viscosity, processing window and cure schedule of the proposed armor panels for a graceful transition into commonly employed composite manufacturing techniques (pultrusion, compression molding, resin transfer molding (RTM), vacuum transfer molding (VARTM), prepregging and hand lay-up). Thus, researchers envision facile integration pathways within a broad spectrum of body armor technologies, as well as potential secondary utility for direct application to vulnerable exterior structures of tactical vehicles. The synthetic and manufacturing metrics of the proposed nanocomposite resins will facilitate 55-gallon Phase I scale-up opportunities thus enabling a rapid Phase III transition.

Contact Info

P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Warwick Mills SOCOM 10-001Cut and Puncture Resistant Low Mass Diver Dry Suit with High Mobility

Abstract

We propose to provide essential protection from lacerations, punctures and abrasion for SOCOM?s free swimming diver force using a multi-layer laminate. The key technology will employs a novel stretch-pleat design with a proven puncture and cut resistant fabric that will allow a lower diving mass ensemble with a focus on mobility. The core puncture and cut layer is based on a lightweight puncture resistant fabric we designed for several NASA?s Mars space flights, where mass was also mission critical. This material was used to build the inflatable impact bags that protected Pathfinder, Spirit and Opportunity vehicles as they did a controlled crash-landing on Mar?s surface with its sharp volcanic rock surface. In addition to this cut and puncture layer, we propose a novel stretch knit made from a unique combination of stretch yarns and high modulus yarns. These two textiles layers will form a lightweight flexible stretch system that will offer the SOCOM diver force unprecedented protection without restricting their mobility. The third component that we propose is a high performance, breathable water barrier that will be sandwiched and protected by the two textile layers, creating a complete system for thermal management essential for the diver adapting to diverse environments. BENEFITS: Stretch-pleat concept with puncture and cut resistant fabric will provide essential protection from lacerations and punctures for free swimming SOCOM diver force and commercial diving community. The technology will combine inherently puncture resistant fabric with stretch pleat design to allow a lower diving mass ensemble with focus on mobility.

Contact Info

301 Turnpike Road, PO Box 409
New Ipswich, NH 03071
Carbozyme, Inc. SOCOM 10-002 Lightweight, Small Volume, CO2 Removal Technology for Underwater Breathing Apparatus (UBA) and Undersea Platforms

Abstract

Carbozyme will develop a novel closed circuit rebreathing apparatus based on biomimetic principals. Our objective is to catalyze the conversion of carbon dioxide to ionic equivalents that can be readily absorbed into seawater, eliminating gas bubbles. This design has the unique advantage of being able to operate continuously for the full duration of the oxygen supply. Installation of the rebreather will be significantly easier since it will be designed to fit on the oxygen tank and utilize the same hosing. Furthermore, it will work equally well independent of water temperature, making it possible to operate over a temperature range of -2 to +41?C. Another important aspect of our design is that it protects against simple but dangerous mistakes such as the diver failing to replace a used cartridge. Overall, Carbozyme?s design is targeted at being easier to use, easier to breath through and safer than existing UBA CCR methods. Carbozyme?s approach to minimize market access time and cost is to license this technology to a preferred developer currently operating in this field that has demonstrated high quality reputation and experience in military and government operations. BENEFITS: One key benefit of our work is to create a new class of CCR where the diver is not limited by the CO2 capture capacity of the CCR but merely by dive tables and oxygen availability. Moreover, the device is designed have a low pressure drop making respiration easy, removing another limitation found in current CCR technology. Carbozyme?s rebreather will be integrated with the compressed gas tank on the diver?s back, decreasing the level of skill needed for installation. Perhaps most importantly it is designed to increase safety by operating in a parallel and continuous mode. We believe these features are valuable not only to the military but to recreational divers as well. We will commercialize by licensing the design to one of the major companies in this field

Contact Info

1 Deer Park Drive, Suite L-2
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Luna Innovations Incorporated SOCOM 10-002Functional Porous Sol-Gel Silica for Highly Efficient CO2 Scrubber

Abstract

Current and future military force is moving to be lighter, faster, and stealthier in order to maintain an operational advantage. For example, a lightweight and small volume underwater breathing apparatus (UBA) is required to supply combat divers with continuous breathing gas in the water A closed-circuit rebreather (CCR) that provides divers with breathable gas from recycled exhaled gas is more accepted due to several advantages such as low weight and volume, long diving duration, and few, if any, bubbles. However, the CO2 scrubbing technology used in the CCRs to remove CO2 from the breathing loop has not been changed in over 50 years, which has a limited CO2 removal capacity. In order to meet advanced military force requirements, such as lower system weight and volume and longer submersible duration, an innovative and highly efficient CO2 scrubber technology is urgently needed. To address this critical need, Luna Innovations Incorporated proposes to develop a high efficiency CO2 scrubber system based on a functional nanoporous material. The proposed technology is expected to have a CO2 removal capacity 3 to 10 times as high as that for the currently used soda lime scrubber based on equivalent weight or volume. BENEFITS: If successful, this development effort will yield a highly efficient CO2 scrubbing technology that could be used in underwater breathing apparatus (UBA) and/or other undersea platforms. In addition to military applications, the developed high efficiency CO2 scrubber system would also be utilized in civilian and space applications such as recreational diving equipments, rebreathers for mine workers and firefighters, industrial CO2 gas separation, and space CO2 capture.

Contact Info

1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Lynntech, Inc. SOCOM 10-002 A Nanocomposite, Regenerable, High Capacity CO2 Sorbent

Abstract

SOCOM is seeking an innovative solution for a simpler, high capacity scrubber to reduce the levels of CO2 in underwater breathing apparatus and re-breathers. Existing CO2 scrubbers are absorbent based and suffer from slow reaction rates under pressure, at colder temperatures, and under heavy breathing, as well as limited CO2 capacity and the dangers of a caustic cocktail if the scrubber floods. Lynntech Inc. proposes to develop a high capacity, nanocomposite CO2 removal media that will be smaller and lighter and have improved CO2 adsorption properties. The proposed system will be based on Lynntech?s modified zeolite that has exhibited a 235% increase in CO2 adsorption capacity in the presence of humidity versus unmodified zeolite. The device will be sized for the Mk 25 and Mk 16 underwater breathing apparatus and will preferentially adsorb CO2 rather than moisture. The Phase I will optimize, test and characterize the media that will comprise the adsorption matrix, and perform analyses of the capture capacity, flow resistance, and low temperature performance of the sorbent. The Phase II will design, develop and demonstrate a prototype CO2 scrubber system that is smaller and lighter than current absorbers and has improved adsorption properties. BENEFITS: Lynntech?s proposed high capacity, nanocomposite CO2 sorbent offers a smaller and lighter solution with improved adsorption properties that will be beneficial to numerous applications. Potential military applications of the technology are CO2 scrubbers used in underwater breathing apparatus, closed circuit rebreathers, manned submersibles and hyperbaric chambers. Potential commercial applications of the technology range from underwater research vessels, submersible rescue vehicles, oil rig, exploration, and tourist submersibles to civilian/recreation diving equipment and hyperbaric systems. Other potential applications include the space sector, military and commercial aviation sector, the mining industry, and industrial workers in tanks and other enclosed spaces.

Contact Info

7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Marshall Laboratories, Inc. SOCOM 10-002 Lightweight, Small Volume, CO2 Removal Technology for Underwater Breathing Apparatus (UBA) and Undersea Platforms: An Advanced Nanotechnology Resolut

Abstract

We will employ the very latest methods in nanotechnology to realize vastly improved CO2 scrubbing efficiency in closed cycle underwater breathing apparatuse(UBA). Our system will occupy minimal volume, will be simple in design and will employ benign nano- particles as the CO2 active scrubbing material. Due to the design, CO2 uptake will be maximized and breathing flow resistance will kept at a minimal value over a wide temperature range, i.e. -5 degrees Celsius to over 200 degrees Celsius. Furthermore, the scrubbing device will be 100% recyclable and may be replaced immediately in the field as needed by combat swimmers. We estimate that our scrubbing device will occupy less than .05 liters and will weigh less than 0.75 lbs. BENEFITS: We anticipate commercial needs in recreational diving and mine safety. Present mine safety devices employ lithium hydroxide within present escape/rescue emergency breathing devices. This is a health hazard and can be efficiently replaced with our benign, lighter weight system. These systems could be made available to numerous applications where workers might be exposed to high-level CO2 environments.

Contact Info

2555 49th Street Unit Number 4
Boulder, CO 80301
Nano Terra, Inc SOCOM 10-002 Development of a Novel Highly-Efficient Nanofiber-based CO2 Absorbing Material

Abstract

Nano Terra proposes the design and development of nanofiber-based CO2 absorbing materials which will increase the sorbent capacity while decreasing breathing resistance and increasing the rate of CO2 absorption. Metal oxide nanofibers capable of absorbing CO2 will be fabricated using electrospinning, in a technique pioneered by Nano Terra?s scientists. The CO2 absorbing capacity of the fibers will be tested, optimized, and production scaled up to satisfy the requirements of the solicitation. Nano Terra?s expertise with electrospinning, surface chemistry, nanofiber fabrication, as well as its extensive intellectual property portfolio covering multiple aspects of these techniques, qualifies it to perform the design and development of this novel CO2-absorbing material. BENEFITS: Warfighters operating underwater rely on carbon dioxide (CO2) scrubbers to remove the gas from re-circulating air in underwater breathing apparatuses, thus preventing CO2 poisoning. Current CO2 removal technologies are outdated, heavy, large, and lose operating efficiency at low temperatures, such as those experienced at large depths. Nano Terra?s proposed nanofiber-based CO2 scrubber will increase the rate of CO2 absorption and increase sorbent capacity, permitting a scaling down of CO2 scrubber units. Smaller and more efficient CO2 scrubbers will increase the range of depths, distances, and physical tasks available to warfighters operating under water, and will insure the safety of personnel in hazardous conditions.

Contact Info

790 Memorial Drive Suite 202
Cambridge, MA 02139
3 Phoenix, Inc. SOCOM 10-003 Compact, Covert Periscope with 360 Degree Simultaneous Day/Night Coverage

Abstract

The proposed Phase I investigation is expected to yield an innovative sensor system design of a very small, lightweight, and minimally detectable periscope imaging system capable of instantaneous 360-degree viewing. The approach exploits innovative research and development activities in advanced optics designs coupled with modern sensors, including visual, near infrared, and short wave infrared. We present an innovative panoramic sensor module that can integrate with the existing Seal Delivery Vehicle (SDV) mast system and inboard electronics. It will provide visual, low light, and short wave infrared sensing capability. This system will provide unique capabilities for red and green differentiation. The unique design concept permits a very compact system solution and is build of cost effective and rugged devices to be able to withstand the harsh operating environment. We anticipate that the results of this effort will demonstrate the feasibility of the system approach and the path to implementation. BENEFITS: The Phase I effort will generate optical imaging designs, and will identify suitable sensor technologies that will allow the development of a covert, 360-degree panoramic imaging system. Results of the Phase I will produce an architecture for a complete electronics/firmware system to meet or exceed all the requirements. We expect the imaging system will readily scale to the application and be adapted to meet all the imaging requirements. Successful completion of Phase I will establish the feasibility of the approach and the development of the conceptual design that will transition into the Phase II effort. The imaging system design developed in Phase I will be used to develop a demonstration system in Phase II to investigate the performance of the system.

Contact Info

13135 Lee Jackson Hwy Suite 220
Fairfax, VA 22033
RemoteReality Corporation SOCOM 10-003Compact, Covert Periscope with 360 Degree Simultaneous Day/Night Coverage

Abstract

RemoteReality proposes to design and develop a very high resolution, omnidirectional compact 360 degree periscope based on RemoteReality''s unique optical designs and very high resolution imagers with embedded processing. Employing a combination of RemoteReality?s catadioptric cameras with a rotating mirror in a pressure housing with a wide spectral band zoom lenses and fixed LLLTV and SWIR cameras, the entire system will have a single point of projection for generating accurate panoramic and perspective videos with no distortion. The system will use a cylindrical window on the housing which has the advantage that optical aberrations introduced by the window can be self corrected by using a mirror of the appropriate curvature. The use of light mirror based components, with minimal moving parts and no slip rings will result in a compact light package. The use of FPGA based embedded processing will further reduce the footprint of the system. RemoteReality patented approach backed by over 11 years of experience is one of the few approaches that yield repeatable wide angle camera systems in a small robust form factor, low cost and weight with high resolution. BENEFITS: - Enhanced 360 Situational Awareness for armored vehicles - Maritime key asset and force protection. - Unmanned Vehicle tele-operation - Wide area surveillance for border protection, waterway and shoreline protection, city surveillance. - Airport and power plant security and surveillance. - Wide angle video conferencing

Contact Info

1700 West Park Dr
Westborough, MA 01581
Continental Controls and Design, Inc. SOCOM 10-005 High Speed Combatant Craft Automated Ride Control

Abstract

We propose to demonstrate an integrated ride control system for high speed small craft. Our approach uses a smart EM actuator and transom trim tabs as a direct replacement for the ubiquitous electrohydraulic and electric systems currently used for static trim adjustments. Our recent IRAD efforts have produced a self contained control system which can be installed on virtually any craft within a few hours. The architecture is similar to systems used on larger ferries, but it uses modern MEMS inertial sensing and an efficient brushless direct drive ballscrew instead of bulky and expensive hydraulics. Our Phase 1 goals are to use our craft to demonstrate the current capability to the special boat unit in San Diego and use their feedback to add software features. In P2 we will fit the system to a RIB reserved for science and technology development. BENEFITS: This system could be used in a broad range of military and civilian high speed water craft applications, where shock and motion mitigation are desired.

Contact Info

20252 Bancroft Circle
Huntington Beach, CA 92646
Moxahela Enterprises, LLC SOCOM 10-005High Speed Combatant Craft Automated Ride Control

Abstract

Marine 1, LLC and senior business partner Moxahela Enterprises, LLC are pleased to present this proposal for the US Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) topic number SOCOM 10-005 for high speed combatant craft automated ride control. USSOCOM has identified the need for a lightweight, automated ride control system that will model and predict craft motion to dynamically adjust craft systems including trim tabs and propulsion vector, for the purpose of significantly improving the ride quality aboard their high speed craft in elevated seas. Operations in elevated sea states result in extreme accelerations and shock forces that are debilitating to craft, crew and passengers. Personnel associated with special boat operations too often sustain significant and permanent injuries. Currently, USSOCOM?s Naval Special Warfare Command (NAVSOF) relies almost exclusively on the skill and experience of Special Warfare Combatant Craft Crewmen (SWCC) to mitigate the impact of turbulent seas. These crewmen employ navigation, maneuver and throttle manipulation as a means to control their vessels in adverse environmental conditions. USSOCOM?s recent Combatant Craft Medium (CCM) requirements seek to limit the injury causing forces experienced by its high speed craft personnel. These safety-minded requirements have inspired several highly advanced shock mitigating hull designs. A motion damping capable, attitude stabilizing automated ride control system will serve to compliment and enhance USSOCOM?s bold new generation of fast vessels. BENEFITS: An automated, active attitude control, stabilization, and motion damping system for Naval Special Warfare Combatant Craft will significantly impact NAVSOF mission effectiveness and improve the operational availability of SWCC and SEAL personnel. The resulting improved craft ride quality will reduce the shock experienced by SWCC operators and SEAL passengers, thus reducing injuries during training and mission operations, reducing SWCC and SEAL fatigue during long and short transits, and improve stability during replenishment and boarding maneuvers. The secondary benefits to the addition of an automated ride control system for combatant craft will be in extending craft life, reducing the life cycle costs in craft maintenance due to shock, and in reducing the training time for SWCC personnel. Operating the craft will become much easier when an automated ride control system is fully implemented.

Contact Info

3201 Enterprise Parkway Suite 410
Beachwood, OH 44122
Naiad Dynamics US Inc. SOCOM 10-005High Speed Combatant Craft Automated Ride Control

Abstract

The development of an automated ride control system for high speed combatant craft is critical to reducing the motions that cause injury to crew and damage to craft and equipment. Ancillary benefits include reduced fuel consumption for improved range of operation and the reduction of wake signature. The objective of this research project is to continue the successful development of ride control systems for high speed combatant craft with the goals of improving motion-reducing performance through the use of not- currently-implemented predictive features that rely on data from additional on-board sensors and real time sea condition models, and additional not-currently-implemented system automation to reduce operator task load. BENEFITS: Ride control systems are well-proven in commercial and military applications. The company proposing this work has successfully fielded ride control systems for relatively small, very high speed combatant craft with impressive results. For example, one application reduced the peak motions-induced shock acceleration on a 11m US Navy RHIB by approximately 50% (from over 12 g?s to less than 6 g?s), and the company?s ride control system is currently being fitted to every new UK MOD high speed special operations craft. It is believed that further sea-induced motion reductions, with commensurate reductions of injury-causing acceleration can be achieved by (a) using data from additional on-board sensors such as radar or radio-frequency wave height telemetry and (b) using data from sea condition models that are updated in real-time by the ride control system embedded controller. Neither approach is currently implemented anywhere in the world as a control input to the ride control system, and mathematical models and control algorithms must be developed to achieve the goal of improved performance. The anticipated benefits of a system employing these features is improved system performance with little increase in system price, which is an aspect that is very important for follow-on commercial applications. That is, excluding the one-time cost of developing models and algorithms, taking input from craft radar or radio-frequency wave height telemetry is merely a systems integration issue rather than additional hardware scope of supply requirement because the candidate craft, whether military or commercial, are always fitted with radar units, and current generation ride control systems are always fitted with conventional motion sensors such as accelerometers, rate gyros, and inclinometers. Further, it is believed that current-generation embedded processors with adequate computational power are commercially available to simultaneously update sea condition models in real time and run the ride control system algorithms in real time. Another aspect of the work being proposed is increased automation to reduce operator task load. Most current generation ride control systems require the operator to change system settings in response to prevailing sea conditions. Some current generation ride control systems have adaptive algorithms, which merely use a gain scheduling approach that is crude and ineffective for high speed craft. The company proposing this work has investigated integration of an artificial

Contact Info

50 Parrott Drive
Shelton, CT 06484
Advanced Distributed Sensor Systems, Inc SOCOM 10-006 Micro Weather Sensor (MWS)

Abstract

A need exists for a new environmental situational awareness sensor with multi-spectrum camouflage that is extremely small (90g) and capable of measuring with aviation-grade accuracy: wind speed/direction, horizontal visibility, sky condition, cloud heights, temperature, dewpoint, barometric pressure, precipitation and CBRN contamination. There exists a strong desire to support a variety of communications options for data dissemination and C2. This sensor will be used in Unmanned Aircraft Systems and in ground deployments. A unit with the capabilities described above would address an unmet requirement for remote expendable weather sensors from the AF OS-21 ORD. ADSS proposes to utilize a variety of novel sensor technologies coupled with various meteorological rules and data fusion techniques to address this unmet need. ADSS proposes to develop both the 90g sensor and an optional ground-based augmentation sensor. Phase I will focus on the selection, evaluation, and demonstration of the most difficult measurements (visibility, cloud height, sky coverage, wind speed/direction) to perform with high accuracy in the cell phone size package. These new measurement approaches will be evaluated in Phase I in ADSS? unique and highly instrumented test facility for weather sensors. Phase I will result in a down-selection of technologies for full development in Phase II. BENEFITS: The precision weather measurement market has been relatively stagnate in the development of new technologies for the last 20 years and has chosen to simply refine the existing measurement techniques. This is due to costs associated with gaining acceptance of a new technology and that size, weight and power for the typical installation are immaterial. Under this three-Phased SBIR program, ADSS has proposed several revolutionary technologies which when proven will address the stated DoD need (AF OS-21 ORD) and create new applications in other markets. ADSS is the incumbent technology company for addressing this DoD need for remote expendable aviation-grade weather measurement systems. As such, ADSS has developed manufacturing and calibration facilities for this market. In addition, ADSS has established sales, marketing and customer support for this market. ADSS routinely exhibits at the American Meteorological Society annual show and has a solid reputation within the weather community. Given successful demonstration of the proposed technology, ADSS is extremely well-poised to immediately commercialize this technology within its existing customer base. Beyond the existing customers, the markets requiring the proposed technology include 1) battlefield DSNs or Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS), 2) intelligence gathering by the military and other government organizations, 3) installation Homeland Defense, 4) Homeland Security monitoring applications and 6) wildlife/forest monitoring. ADSS envisions significant penetration into these markets because the proposed system would create new methods to address unmet needs in these areas.

Contact Info

10658 W. Centennial Road #400
Littleton, CO 80127
Physical Optics Corporation SOCOM 10-006Optical Wave Guide Integrated Weather Sensor

Abstract

To address the SOCOM need for live, day-and-night weather monitoring, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Optical-Wave-Guide?Integrated Weather Sensor (WAGIS). This proposed device is based on a new design that utilizes in- house?developed mature components and COTS components. The innovation in multispectral optical train design and implementation of POC?s proprietary volume phase grating (VPG) will enable the WAGIS to detect local weather parameters, offering real- time and high-accuracy data that directly address SOCOM requirements for weather monitoring. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of WAGIS with limited capability by developing a device that automatically detects and collects weather data and transmits these data to Military Command and Control (C2) elements. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize the design and to implement the features that allow secure and undetectable data transmissions and C2 network communication using common messaging formats, such as METAR. BENEFITS: Governmental, commercial, and nonprofit organizations will benefit from WAGIS by using it for weather forecasting and air pollution monitoring, air quality control, security, surveillance, process control in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, and product inspection, intelligence gathering, climate change, public health, and more. Military applications of the WAGIS technology will include monitoring the local weather for better situation awareness as well as monitoring of local environment for bio- chemical and radiological hazards.

Contact Info

Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bl
Torrance, CA 90501
UES, Inc. SOCOM 10-006Micro Weather Sensor (MWS)

Abstract

The Special Operations Forces mission requirement for remote weather sensing can be satisfied with an innovative solution that addresses tactical mobility in high threat environments. Within this context UES proposes the development of a novel Micro Weather Sensor, a modular system consisting of a comprehensive sensor suite and a compact, powerful networking device. The suite measures temperature, barometric pressure, humidity, ambient light, and radiological contamination and can be extended to also monitor wind speed and direction, cloud height and thickness, and chemical and biological warfare agent contamination. A mobile handset running the Linux operating system serves as the user/network interface, supporting both fully-automated and human-directed operating modes. Using encrypted Internet Protocols over wireless data networks, the handset not only relays locally acquired weather information to command and control elements, but also receives and graphically portrays data feeds from those elements. By virtue of the expanded network awareness and broad spectrum sensing capabilities that also include CBRN detection; the proposed sensor represents a dramatic improvement in remote weather sensing technology. BENEFITS: The proposed micro weather sensor will increase the availability of ground-based weather sensor data in forward areas. The sensor will be smaller and lighter than current state-of-the-art solutions and therefore easier to transport. The modular sensor array will be reconfigurable, allowing custom configurations that are optimized for specific deployment scenarios. A decoupled architecture will allow optimal placement of sensor and radio communications hardware. The computing subsystem will use an operating system with a strong security model and secure network communications will be supported. Intelligent software design will provide improved interoperability with local user and remote command and control elements. Remote sensing of weather phenomena has applications in Special Operations Forces and conventional military activities.

Contact Info

4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Aqua Resources Corporation SOCOM 10-007Clean, Green, ChemBio Defense/Fire Retardant Process Using Nanotechnology

Abstract

The dynamics of nano-size interactions of metal hydroxide nanoplatelets is a new field of material science. Initial research conducted by Aqua Resources and the Department of Defense, offers the promise of an innovative means of effectively defending against Chemical/Biological (CB) warfare agents in a cost effective manner without the attendant residues and long-term damage associated with traditional methods. The platelets have the ability to resist CB contamination and be self detoxifying which will return mission assets to a MOPP-free status/condition in a timely manner. Magnesium hydroxide nanoplatet technology promises to be an effective, non-toxic, and environmentally friendly solution for countering CB warfare threats. In addition, magnesium hydroxide is a known fire retardant and can be used in platelet form as a platform to carry other enhanced C/B and fire retardants, which will augment those properties of materials, such as fabrics, plastics, etc. Additionally, magnesium hydroxide nanoplatelets are non-toxic to humans and anti-corrosive. Aqua Resources has patent-pending protection on the morphology of platelets and the production process which produces them. BENEFITS: Applications of nanoplatelets technology are virtually universal and could have a positive and profound impact on the Nation?s infrastructure in a myriad of everyday commercial/industrial applications: e.g., as a mildewcide/bactericide/fungicide in the manufacture of dry wall panels, lumber and any and all other construction materials for which fungal control is a major issue; CO2 scrubber in smokestacks to reduce carbon footprint and improve air purification systems; food packaging industry as a bactericide; active ingredient in antifungal creams for human and animal usage; multipurpose disinfectant in hospital settings. Nanoplatelets of magnesium hydroxide will be a better fire suppressant system for aircraft fires because of its anti-corrosive capability. On industrial fires, Magnesium hydroxide can be used in any one of its three states , jell, foam, and powder to neutralizing toxic smoke and runoff while suppressing the fire. On synthetic or natural textile magnesium hydroxide nanoplatelets add new properties of, fire retardant, super hydrophobic, oleo phobic and antimicrobial capabilities. Perhaps the most dramatic promise is the ability of nanoplatelets to kill drug/antibiotic-resistant bacteria (i.e., community acquired-MRSA) and other bacterial resistant mutants. Since nanoplatelets can be created with a virtually infinite combination of morphologies and chemistries, it is the ultimate antimicrobial.

Contact Info

20 Linwood Rd NW
Fort Walton Beach, FL 32547
Physical Optics Corporation SOCOM 10-007Nanoparticle Adhesive Deposition Process for Metal Hydroxide Nanoplatelets

Abstract

To address the USSOCOM need to develop new materials or processes using nanotechnology for chemical and biological warfare (CBW) defense, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Nanoparticle Adhesive Deposition (NANOPAD) process. This proposed process is based on established chemical finishing techniques using chemically synthesized metal hydroxide nanoplatelets (MHN) to impregnate fabrics, clothing, and hard materials. The innovation in applying an MHN treatment using an adaptation of a textile-finishing process will enable the development of self-decontaminating, self-neutralizing, and fire-retardant protective clothing and materials for CBW defense. As a result, the NANOPAD process offers a cost-effective, verifiable, and environmentally friendly approach to MHN-infused material production, which directly addresses the USSOCOM requirements for clean, green Chem/Bio defense process using nanotechnology. In Phase I, POC plans to demonstrate the NANOPAD process for integrating MHN into materials for self-decontamination, self-neutralization of CBW threats, and fire protection. POC will develop the NANOPAD process and verify the approach by performing a comparative study with other methods of MHN integration. In Phase II, POC will optimize the NANOPAD process and demonstrate the decontamination of chemical agents and neutralization of biological agents without the threat of mutant strains, and provide off-the-shelf clothing with fire-retardant laundering-proof fibers. BENEFITS: The fully developed NANOPAD process will provide a cost-effective approach to creating self-decontaminating, self-neutralizing, and fire-retardant clothing and material surfaces. Direct commercial applications of the NANOPAD-treated materials will include creating protective clothing and equipment for CBW safety with added flame resistance. There are many potential applications for a nontoxic, self-decontaminating surface treatment that would impact the medical, food and beverage, industrial protective clothing, air and water purification, and sanitation industries, among others. The flame-retardant properties extend the applications to fire protection for protective clothing, furniture and upholstery, and vehicle interiors and exteriors. Prophylactic treatments using NANOPAD could make safer a broad range of public and commercial venues including medical facilities, gyms/spas, food preparation and storage areas, stadiums, and airports and public transport facilities.

Contact Info

Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Pla
Torrance, CA 90501
Aerius Photonics, LLC. SOCOM 10-008Environmentally Hardened Laser-based micro combat ID

Abstract

Aerius Photonics will address the need for a small, ruggedized, long-range wearable micro combat identification device by developing a compact, portable, battery-powered beacon that employs state-of-the-art mid-wave IR (MWIR), long-wave IR (LWIR) and near IR (NIR) laser technology to emit an eyesafe signal that is easily detected by presently deployed targeting pods. Phase I will demonstrate, evaluate and deliver a prototype battery operated, hand held laser beacon with a target range of 12 nautical miles. The initial effort will focus on determining the design space available for miniaturization, packaging and cost reduction of laser devices with proven performance to meet the needs of the application. Feasibility will be established for further miniaturizing the unit to a size consistent with currently deployed strobes, and for satisfying requirements for reliable operation under global operating temperatures and conditions, including submersion in seawater to 66? and operation in an electromagnetic environment. In Phase I, a long-range field test will also be conducted on the prototype unit at Northrop Grumman using their LITENING targeting pod. The Phase II effort will focus on completing a ruggedized product design and proving out reliability and performance. BENEFITS: The Aerius micro combat ID beacon will address a critical need for missions support personnel to be able to readily discriminate between friendly and unfriendly troops at continuously increasing distances from the center of activity by providing a small, compact, wearable module with long range visibility and capability of surviving in harsh environments. Moreover, it will enable incoming aircraft and ground troops to quickly and accurately indentify friendly troops in dynamically-changing battlefield environments. Upon the successful completion of the Phase I and Phase II program, Aerius? combat ID beacon will have immediate utility for current military operations, and since it is designed to work with current targeting pods, Aerius? beacon can be deployed as soon as production begins. Therefore, a key objective for the combined Phase I and Phase II effort will be to finalize a beacon design that is ready for production by the end of the program. Moreover, this product would have broad appeal across all branches of the military, and therefore, the commercial volume potential is substantial.

Contact Info

2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Diffraction, Ltd SOCOM 10-008Multi-Spectral Combat ID Beacon

Abstract

Diffraction LTD will develop a multi-spectral battery powered combat ID beacon. Key emitter technologies will include vacuum encapsulated photonic crystals in the MWIR and LWIR spectral bands. In Phase 1, a complete optical, electrical, and mechanical design of the beacon will be produced. A model taking into account emitter characteristics, atmospheric transmission, ambient lighting, and various detector characteristics will be built to enable simulations of the beacon to predict its range performance. Diffraction has extensive experience designing, building, and fielding combat ID beacons in the NIR, SWIR, MWIR, and LWIR portions of the spectrum. BENEFITS: The developed beacon will enable covert positive identification of U.S. forces thereby greatly reducing the chance of fratricide.

Contact Info

186 Mad River Park
Waitsfield, VT 05673
Global Military Experts Consulting and Instruction SOCOM 10-008 Micro Combat ID (MID)

Abstract

GMECI proposes to combine existing commercial template matching and feature extraction algorithms with existing military EOIR sensor technology, to automatically highlight in real time friendly forces on existing displays. The proposed technology, Blue force Designated Optical Templates (BlueDOTs) will allow automatic computer recognition and highlighting to discern among individual, customized location markers of the BlueDot units highlighting location of each individual A video processing block, like those employed on Lightening and Sniper pods can be modified to add the BlueDot location markers. Locatable BlueDOTs can be passive markers, or active markers to deny enemy exploitation of marker TTPs. EOIR sensors represent a significant investment for existing Intelligence/Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) and Non-traditional ISR (NT-ISR) platforms. Developing a micro-combat identification (ID) system that operates with existing EOIR sensors is essential for timely transition to the battlefield. The proposed BlueDot technology will accomplish this. In recent years, commercial industry has made tremendous strides in template matching and feature extraction as seen in tools like Hugein and FLIKR. The ISR community has not taken advantage of the research and development that has been commercialized. BlueDot will integrate the best extraction template technology within the ISR community to accomplish micro-combat ID. BENEFITS: Surveillance video is currently commonly used in commercial warehouses and stockyards. Infrastructure already exists to pipe surveillance video of commercial properties to centralized locations. Video based tracking in commercial environments already equipped with video surveillance would increase security and efficiency. In shipping yards of rail heads and ports, individual containers could be tracked on both their entry/exit of the yard, but also their movement inside the stockyard. This tracking capability would simplify the process of ensuring all containers to be inspected by customs, moved into or kept out of bonded secure areas, and sensitive payloads remain in their respective sections of the dock.

Contact Info

13335 Fifteen Mile Rd Ste 135
Sterling Heights, MI 48312
QuantaSpec Inc. SOCOM 10-008Micro Combat ID (MID)

Abstract

QuantaSpec, Inc., proposes to produce a highly efficient, compact, personnel-worn combat ID beacon visible to a large variety of overhead imaging pods. Multiple incidents of fratricide have highlighted the need for improved combat ID and Identify Friend or Foe (IFF) technology. Recent advances in emitter technology have enabled a new class of signaling device to become practical. QuantaSpec, Inc., proposes to exploit a new class of photonic crystal emitter in combination with already developed laser diode and/or LED technology to produce a micro combat ID beacon capable of fulfilling this role. Future development could provide encrypted, low-power communications. BENEFITS: This project will produce a more efficient, compact, long duration, highly visible beacon for combat ID purposes. Additional military benefits include tagging, tracking and locating, and combat search and rescue (CSAR) roles. Commercial roles include land, sea, and air search and rescue.

Contact Info

PO Box 163
Essex Junction, VT 05453
STAR COMMUNICATIONS, INC.SOCOM 97-004Ultra Low Power SATCOM Transceiver

Abstract

Design of an ultra low power satellite transceiver is needed, which is technically innovative in three areas. First, interoperability with non-geostationary satellite systems as well as conventional geostationary systems is proposed, allowing global coverage, very small antenna, large field of view, and near 100% availability even for poorly sited terminals. Second, digital signal processing techniques capable of low power operation in extreeme environments are proposed to achieve high data rate with low bit error rate, suppress stron, nearby, inband transmitters, and reduce the probability of detection or intercept. Third, development of digital and analog circuits, including application specific integrated circuit design, microwave solid state circuit design, will be investigated to minimize power consumption, increase reliability in austere environments, and reduce production costs. Together, these design innnovations will allow manufacture of units that are lightweight, rugged, easily deployable, and able to operate on a small battery for 30 days. The goal of this research is to valideate the achievability of cost, size, and power consumption objectives in a militarized unit while maximizing operational unitlity including hight data reae, wide interoperability (e.g., military/commercial, current/near future, frequency ability and geographic coverage), and maximum link availability.

Contact Info

2213 Abbotsford Drive
Vienna, VA 22181
TRIANGLE RESEARCH & DEV. CORP. SOCOM 97-005A Hybrid Collar for Combat Protection (HYCOPS) to Increase Survivability and Reduce Injuries to Crew Members

Abstract

The helmet for helmsmen and crew members helmet has evolved from a device to provide impact and projectile protection, into a platform for communications equipment, into today's complex system that includes sophisticated optical and head-mounted display systems. The resultant increase in size and mass has caused at least two problems not previously experienced by the increased G-force loads on the cervical spine of the CCM. Secondly, increased helmet size and mass increases the degree of slippage fo the helmet relative to the head, thereby reducing thevisual acuity of helmsman/CCMs using optical systems. During the proposed effort, the investigators will design a prototype Hybrid Collar for Combat Protection System (HYCOPS) using innovative air chambers and inflators for helmet and neck support as well as life jacket bouyancy, state fo the art body armor and energy absorbing materials, and an innovative thermal stress management system. Each of these technologies have been developed separately and will be commercially available. The proposed work will take these unrelated technologies and combine them into a system that meets SOCOM's needs to protect small craft helmsmen and CCCM against many of the hazards faced on missions and during training.

Contact Info

P.O. Box 12696
Research Triangle, NC 27709
SIERRA MONOLITHICS, INC. SOCOM 97-006Man Personal Dual-Band Miniature Beacon

Abstract

A miniature hand held smart I-band and K-band beacon transponder is proposed to provide location, data transmission, and IFF applications. Based on Sierra Monolithics SMP-1000 I-band Microponder, which has single, double, triple, and active pulse operations, the proposed beacon adds a k-band capability with smart band selections according to interrogation pulse frequency. For data transmission, its pulse position modulation (PPM) architecture will allow data input through an RS-232 data interface, transmission of SELCAL codes for IFF operation, and GPS location data. It's agile AGC receiver responds to weak as well as strong interrogation pulses in quick succession. The target life for it's 9-V battery power supply is 24 hours of continuous operation.

Contact Info

103 W. Torrance Blvd., Suite 102
Redondo Beach, CA 90277
ADVANCED PROTECTION PRODUCTS, INC. SOCOM 97-007Titanium-Composite Body Armor Plates

Abstract

Advanced Protection Products, Inc. (APPI) will use advanced materials and processes to develop and certify Very Light Body Armor (VLBA) plates that are capable of defeating a variety of ballistic threats. The VLBA plates will be designed using a titanium allow based metallic-composite armor system to provide cost-effective, lightweight protection. Composite facing and backing materials will be utilized to minimize the effects of front-face spall and rear-face deformation. Commercially available titanium alloys (Ti-6A1-4V, Ti-6A1-6V-2Sn) will be evaluated for the VLBA plate application. Titanium cost will be minimized by ordering to industry standard or commercial specifications for alloy chemistry; performance will be mazimized by specifying a heat-treatment schedule developed specifically for armor. Ballistic testing will be conducted to determine required thickness for the titanium and composite armor materials. NIJ-style ballistic testing (using a clay backing) will be conducted on the final design in preparation for SBIR Phase II NIJ Certification efforts.

Contact Info

1701 W. 10th Street #5
Tempe, AZ 85281
DYNETICS, INC. SOCOM 97-008On-The-Aperture Patch Tuning (OTAPT) for Broadband Antennas

Abstract

Dynetics proposes the use of On-The-Aperture Patch Tuning (OTAPT) as a potential solution for broadband performance from a low profile antenna. This solution is based on the innovative concept of integration of digital switching of tuning elements directly on the aperture surface. A single patch antenna can then be digitally tuned to successively lower frequencies, modifying the patch dimensions to the new resonant dimension by adding small strips. This technology may, in principle, be used over extremely broad frequency ranges, limited only by the performance of the switching devices employed in the aperture. RF power requirements on the switching devices (PIN diodes or GaAs switches, for example) are low relative to both the total radiated power because the incident RF power is distributed over several devices. The switching devices are readily controllable by digital computer commands which could be incorporated into existing crew instrumentation. With appropriate dual (or asymmetric) feed this concept can support any required polarization, including dual- or variable- polarization.

Contact Info

P.O. Box 5500
Huntsville, AL 35814
CREARE, INC. SOCOM 98-001reath-Hold Diver Monitoring System

Abstract

Military breath-hold divers are at risk for shallow water blackout. We plan to develop a Diver Monitoring System that will warn the diver when he is a risk of losing consciousness. The system will monitor the diver's blood oxygen level and dive profile so that the warning provides the diver with sufficient time to ascend to the surface. The technology developed under this program will not only benefit military breath-hold divers, but is also expected to have medical applications including patient monitoring during stress testing and assisting clinicians in determining the cause of fainting episodes. We have assembled a uniquely qualified team which includes a Principal Investigator with experience in developing underwater instrumentation and data acquisition systems for processing of physiological signals, and a Project Engineer with experience in developing real-time data acquisition systems and embedded software. Out team also includes a noted Diving Physiologist and a leading manufacturer of blood oxygen monitoring equipment for the medical marketplace.

Contact Info

PO Box 71 Etna Road
Hanover, NH 03755
COMMERCIAL SATELLITE SYSTEMS, INC. SOCOM 98-002Desktop Video Conferencing

Abstract

A developmental effort for an integrated video conferencing communications architecture is proposed that is designed to provide reliable multimedia communications from the SOF tactical user to garrison. It will be designed to provide an integrated video conferencing capability to SOF for existing communications applications as well as the addition of telemedicine and distance learning. The Phase I study will investigate the technologies, standards, equipment and systems needed to develop a detailed video conferencing architecture and system design. Special emphasis is on the need to transition SOF Communications networks to standards based on LANs and WANs using ATM, Iso-Ethernet and/or 100BaseT. The Phase I effort includes selected demonstrations of video conferencing from the tactical user to component desktop to establish confidence in the approach and establish a foundation for a detailed implementation plan in Phase II. The study includes an investigation of programs, equipment and software applications within Government and the commercial market applicable to SOF requirements for distance learning and telemedicine. In Phase II a detailed system design and implementation plan is proposed along with demonstrations which verify the proposed architecture.

Contact Info

835 CrossKeys Office Park
Fairport, NY 14450
PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP. SOCOM 98-003Remotely Controllable and Programmable Vehicle Security System Based on Data Fusion and Live-Video Review

Abstract

Current security systems rely on human operators for sensor fusion. In contrast, Physical Optics Corporation proposes to develop and demonstrate a Highly Intelligent Remotely Programmable Alarm System (HIRPAS), setting a new standard of vehicle security in the year 2000, based on autonomous sensor fusion. HIRPAS will be a hardware/software highly intelligent portable multisensor security system allowing real-time remote live-video oversight. HIRPAS will improve security technology and surveillance mission efficiency. HIRPAS applies a unique combination of motion sensing with multisensor data fusion, neurofuzzy networks, and enhanced real-time MPEG-compatible compression for remote video transfer from the surveillance site. Based on fuzzy metrology, HIRPAS will preprocess multisensor data, including video imagery, and will identify exceptional and significant events and preferentially downlink selected frame sequences in real-time through the processor in the vehicle and communicate with the person responsible for vehicle security. This is made possible by intelligent integration among multiple heterogeneous sensors, pattern recognition in a neurofuzzy network, and unprecedented 4000:1 compression that only slightly reduces video quality, thus also dramatically increasing archiving capacity.

Contact Info

20600 Gramercy Place, Suite 103
Torrance, CA 90501
EDCO SOCOM 98-004Suprises and Opportunities Diver Location, Diver Navigation, DIVENAV

Abstract

The diver navigation system (DIVENAV) accurately locates the position of scuba divers with respect to a dive boat. A display on the dive boat indicates magnetic bearing, distance, and depth for up to ten divers. In addition, the system will provide information to the diver to assist in his navigation. A digital readout on the diver's transponder is controlled by the divemaster on the dive boat. The readout indicates magnetic bearing and distance to a target. This information is automatically updated as the diver changes position. This system can be used by the divemaster to direct the diver back to the dive boat, to a remote location, or in a search pattern. Each diver can be independently directed.

Contact Info

5 Upland Lane
West Newbury, MA 01985
EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES CORP.SOCOM 98-004Suprises and Opportunities

Abstract

Emergent Technologies Corp. (ETC) in conjunction with research partners at West Virginia University has developed and recently patented an innovation antenna that promises to revolutionize the science of antenna design, construction and utilization. The antenna, labeled the Countrawound Toroidal Helical Antenna (CTTHA), offers a number of significant advantages over conventional antennas. The CTHA's unique nearly isotopic radiation pattern are ideal for highly mobile platforms. It is extremely small, (about 1/20th the size of the smallest GPS antenna) and light weigh make it ideal for tactical applications yet provided superior communications performance. The donut shaped CTHA appears to exhibit some of the properties of so-called "Slow wave" devices. It consists of two helical wire radiating elements wrapped around a toroidal core. The two elements are of opposing handedness, creating a number of cross over points around the toroid. At least 17 different design parameters have been identified that impact the CTHA performance. Preliminary test results provide a high degree of confidence that further development of CTHA technology will result in significant benefits to very wide range of antenna users. ETC believes that the CTHA technology, as we continue to research, develop and engineer the antenna's various characteristics, will nature to provide a new generation of lightweight, low profile antennas suitable for a wide range of military and commercial applications.

Contact Info

115 Ventura Drive
Bridgeport, WV 26330
FOSTER-MILLER, INC. SOCOM 98-004Bird-Dog Backpackable UGV Reconnaissance

Abstract

Improved situational awareness is a key factor in increasing SOF mission success. A small semi-autonomous robot that can be used from tactically significant standoff distances and carry operationally capable payloads is proposed in the form of Foster-Miller's Bird Dog robot. The Bird Dog is based on the highly successful amphibious Lemming and Sea Dog system developed for DARPA and the NAVSEA for mine and counter-invasion obstacle neutralization. The proposed Bird-Dog is a symmetrically tracked system with a range of up to 9 miles. It is amphibious to 80 ft. depths, is semi-autonomous with an obstacle avoidance system that will permit transit through natural and man-made obstacles such as concertina wire and can carry payloads consisting of either sensors or explosives. The state-of-the-art of the fundamental vehicle is such that mobility and reliability is proven and the technology can now move on to realistic mission packages. The proposed system will carry a digital imaging and a report-back system which will allow the over-watch team to supervise transit on-demand and to collect ground based imagery. A combined GPS and dead reckoning system will provide map information.

Contact Info

350 Second Avenue
Waltham, MA 02154
IS ROBOTICS, INC. SOCOM 98-004Rovers for Special Forces Applications

Abstract

IS Robotics (ISR) will develop rovers to serve as tools for Special Forces Operators in reconnaissance applications. These outdoor terrain rovers will be small, highly mobile, and support autonomous behaviors. The rovers will act as mobile sensor platforms that will be used to obtain critical data in denied areas. Leveraging on technology already developed at IS Robotics in small, mobile vehicles and embedded intelligence will substantially reduce the cost and time of development. In Phase I, we will modify an existing microrover, developed under DARPA contract, for Special Forces Applications by increasing the man portability, mobility, and telemetry range. The modified FLIP vehicle will be a complete system that can be used in teleoperated scenarios and will provide a testbed for work on autonomous behaviors and intuitive user interfaces. Onboard processing, sensors, and a behavior based control system will allow more autonomous features to be added in the future. The modified vehicle will be made available to and supported for Special Forces field tests in which performance will be evaluated. Input regarding design improvements and additional features from end users will be incorporated into the Phase II development plan.

Contact Info

22 McGrath Highway, Suite 6 Twin City Office Plaza
Somerville, MA 02143
HDE ROBOTICS GROUP, INC. SOCOM 98-004Quick-Attack/Reconnaissance Remote Vehicle Platform

Abstract

The Quick Attack Reconnaissance Remote Vehicle Platform is a remotely operated vehicle capable of performing combat and physical security missions. The modular platform features quick-change attachments that will accommodate a variety of weapon, video, audio, and bio/chemical sampling systems. The vehicle is able to operate in adverse climates and in rough terrain. The ground speed of the vehicle in good conditions is in excess of 10 miles per hour. The vehicle can be stored in a remote docking station where it can charge its batteries and remain in a passive, standby mode. The unit can be activated and dispatched into service remotely. The vehicle is capable of returning to its station to recharge or replace its power source without needing a human asset being present. This is ideal for protecting remote areas of a facility or to maintain a continuous unmanned battle capability at an installation under chemical attack. The platform will be controlled from a remote location. The control module is easily man-portable and the platform can be deployed by a light vehicle (Suburban, Hummer, etc.). This platform will be quick and agile. It is an efficient means for attacking/defending against enemy vehicles and personnel.

Contact Info

201 S. Foch Street
Fort Worth, TX 76107
MULTISPECTRAL SOLUTIONS, INC. SOCOM 98-004A Novel LPI/D Radar Sensor for Wide Area Surveillance

Abstract

Innovative technologies that offer high performance at very low cost are required for meeting the needs of the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). Existing sensors (radar, seismis, acoustic, IR) offer limited performance, particularly in missions requiring broad area surveillance. Surveillance through walls and doors may also be desired to assist special operations forces in monitoring activity when visual means are not available. The use of ultra wideband (UWB) radar offers excellent penetration capability without the loss of resolution. Multispectral Solutions, Inc. (MSSI) has developed a very low cost radar technology that can be easily modified to perform surveillance functions. The sensor will operate as a time-gated presence sensor and only objects within a selected range will be detected. These detections will be based upon returned energy levels and not doppler motion. This feature when combined with a low cost CMOS camera output, will substantially reduce nuisance and false alarms. Since UWB waveforms are difficult to detect, the sensors can be used in situations where covertness is required. Under Phase I, MSSI proposes to develop a prototype UWB surveillance sensor for field test and evaluation. Under Phase II, several prototypes will be constructed for use by USSOCOM.

Contact Info

202 Perry Parkway, Suite 7
Gaithersburg, MD 20877
REYNOLDS INDUSTRIES SYSTEMS, INC. SOCOM 98-004Safe and Arm Chemical Delay for High Shock Environments Without the Use of Primary Explosive

Abstract

A fuze delay function can be achieved in two ways, either electrically or chemically. An electrical fuze delay function uses an in-line electronic S & A, while a chemical delay employs an out-line system. Primary explosives with out-line fuze electronic delay present a safety hazard. Conversely an in-line electronic delay, thus safer, makes use of secondary explosives, which are susceptible to shocks from the projectile launch environment. The object of this program is the realization of a fuze delay function by either using a deflagrating secondary or pyrotechnic explosive. These explosives, when electrically initiated will accelerate a plate (known as a flyer) at supersonic speeds. The ensuing shock wave from the plate will detonate an output secondary explosive. To determine the length of attainable delays, several initiating secondary explosives will be investigated in various design configurations. The most promising design configuration will be fabricated and tested. A general application will be brought forth.

Contact Info

3420 Fostoria Way
San Ramon, CA 94583
SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, INC. SOCOM 98-004Advanced Special Operations Planning and Rehearsal Parachute Simulation Database Generation

Abstract

The purpose of this project is to develop user-friendly mission planning and rehearsal tools for a low-cost PC based parachute maneuvering simulator. The current version of this simulator has a head-mounted display (virtual reality) and high resolution, textured graphics. It is in use at several military installations for teaching and practicing flight control, navigation and equipment malfunctions procedures. To plan and rehearse specific missions, a swift, straight-forward, affordable procedure must be developed to incorporate digitized real-world data such as terrain, physical features, and coordinated wind fields influencing parachute aerodynamics into a simulation scenario. In Phase I we will develop a process and evaluate the relevant tools for data base generation that will allow average military users to quickly and conveniently prepare parachute simulator visual scenes and wind fields representing realistic situations for mission planning and rehearsal fidelity. The key design criteria are: a) 48hour data turnaround; b) worldwide coverage, c) geodetic and meteorological accuracy; d) real time simulation utility. In Phase II, we will integrate these tools into a working ensemble, including any necessary automation or "bridge" software, create terrain-correlated empirical wind models, and develop a complete syllabus for training users in the database generation process.

Contact Info

13766 S. Hawthorne Blvd.
Hawthorne, CA 90250
SENSYS TECHNOLOGIES, INC. SOCOM 98-004Application of wide Band Receiver Architectures to Pulse Repetition Interval (PRI) Specific Emitter Identification (SEID)

Abstract

Specific Emitter Identification (SEID) systems have been implemented using narrow hand receivers with fine grained Pulse Repetition Interval (PRI) analysis. The analysis produces a PRI signature on an emitter such that the same emitter is uniquely distinguished from another of the same type, allowing a user to associate an emitter to a specific platform. Using a narrow band tuner for this analysis isolates the emitter of interest from other signals in the environment ans allows it to be porcessed individually. This step reduces the burden of existing processors so that detailed analysis can be performed. Current state-of-the-art processing and wide band architectures may allow that one or more emitters of interest be analyzed for SEID date at the same time. The analysis may also be performed by processors already tasked to provide other ESM functions. This capability, if added to existing wide band threat warning systems, would strenthen the ESM posture of the host platform without adding any weight, power, size, or additional recurring hardware cost to the platform. The objective is to determine the utility of a wide band radar receiver architecture in performing SEID functions.

Contact Info

8419 Terminal Road
Newington, VA 22122
MIDE TECHNOLOGY CORP. SOCOM 99-002ATES: Advanced Technology Exposure Suit

Abstract

Military operations often require personnel to work in environmental conditions which subject them to weather extremes. Often operations take personnel from water to land environments and vice versa, over extended periods of time. A concept for an Advanced Technology Exposure Suite (ATES) is proposed, which uses smart materials to control the degree of protection offered to the wearer, depending on environmental characteristics.

Contact Info

56 Rogers Street
Cambridge, MA 02155
HARSH ENVIRONMENT APPLIED TECHNOLOGIES SOCOM 99-004Individual SOF operator

Abstract

The primary goal of the SBIR will be achieved by creating a SOF operator imaging package using two I2 systems straddling a head mounted thermal imager. Using analog techniques the goal is to fuse these three elements to create a virtual I2 image fused with a thermal image through a common synthetic aperture. An intermediate goal is the design and prototype of a camera based on a 16mm image intensifier coupled fiber optic taper to a high resolution CCD imager in a form factor specifically developed for head and weapon mounted applications. The final objective is the development of a COTS lightweight single sensor package incorporating the low power electronics and optical elements into one helmet mounted module requiring no field calibration.

Contact Info

222 Severn Ave Suite A Building 4
Annapolis, MD 21403
PVP ADVANCED EO SYSTEMS SOCOM 99-004INDIVIDUAL SOF OPERATOR

Abstract

PVPAEO proposes to develop and demonstrate a head-worn sensor package providing simultaneous images from LWIR and NIR/SWIR sensors utilizing a single aperture. The system utilizes commercial sensor technology combined with optics, packaging and sensor fusion technology developed by PVPAEO in support of a range of targeting and situational awareness applications. The design is fully compliant with the stated environmental and mission requirements including the desired weight limit of 1.25 pounds. The system will be configured to support fusion of the LWIR and NWIR sensors. This capability will be demonstrated during phase I of the program using image processing hardware currently being developed under a phase 11 SBIR program funded by ONR. It is expected that a field tested version of the processor would be available to support field evaluation and testing during the phase 11 program effort. During the first portion of the project the PVPAEO team will work with the system users to clearlydefinethemissionrequirementsanddevelopasystemspecification. This task wili be followed by a design effort to adapt the proven system elements and technologies to meet mission requirements. Following a design review with the system users, a prototype will be fabricated, demonstrated and evaluated.

Contact Info

605 N. Poplar
Orange, CA 92868
ZYBRON SOCOM 99-004Individual Special Operations Forces Operator

Abstract

In order to combine the NIR and LWIR sensors together and eliminate the parallax between them, two innovative single aperture configurations are proposed: the first one will use an uniquely designed broad band non-Ge objective with a FOV of 54?x42? as the common aperture, and the second one will use a beam splitter as the common aperture then use two identical objectives. The LCD is directly integrated and aligned with the LWIR camera, thus the parallax between tem is also eliminated. The electronic images from NIR/LWIR or both will be displayed on the same LCD by using a selective switch to add the individual SOF operator with navigation and target detection during times of limited vision.The total height of the NIR/LWIR Goggle System (NLGS) will be only 4.5", and the total weight without battery will be only 1.25 Lbs. Two 6V batteries of 1 Lb lasting for 4 hrs will be hooked on the rear of the helmet as weight balance, extra battery/electronics pack on the waist is not necessary. The total weight of the NLGS will be only 2.25 Lbs. It is much lighter than the permitted weight of 6 Lbs.

Contact Info

3915 Germany Lane
Beavercreek, OH 45431
IRVINE SENSORS CORP. SOCOM 99-005Retro Relector Detector

Abstract

ISC will design and demonstrate a Near IR retro-reflection detection system based on a unique ISC laser transmitter. ISC retro-reflector detection system is a an active search and interrogate sensor system that will detect passive threat optical devices. The types of devices that will be detected with includes both visible (binoculars, spotting scopes, rifle scopes) and near-IR (NVG, Image Intensifiers) sensor systems. ISC proposes to use an multi-layer 3D stack of processing ICs that can will integrated with to a single detector to this retro-reflection detection function. This will be accomplished by performing a series template matching, convolutions, and least squares fitting in order to detect a retro-reflection return and to discriminate threat detection for clutter returns. This will provide a real time threat detection-clutter rejection capability, while maintaining a low false alarm rate, with a wide FOV search capability, in a small man-portable sensor system package. This system will detect the presents of optical/near-IR threat and providing a cue to their location so they can be suppressed. As part of this Phase I effort, ISC will conduct a laboratory demonstration of its novel retro-reflection sensor implementation.

Contact Info

3001 Redhill Avenue Building #3
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
DESERT STAR SYSTEMS SOCOM 99-006CAM+: A Rugged Modular Digital Camera System

Abstract

Digital imagery offers a number of advantages over traditional photography. With few or no moving parts digital cameras can be rugged. The constant evolution of semiconductor technology makes them small and powerful. The CAM+ takes advantage of these factors, and our own expertise in building rugged and modular devices to create a digital camera that not only meets all the requirements of the solicitation, but exceeds them. The small camera housing is entirely sealed. A lens port with a sealant plate and contact free Hall effect buttons means the user will never break the camera seal. A fast FireWire data port eliminates the need for fragile removable storage media and offers effortless connectivity. Combined with a low-power CMOS image sensor, and industry standard interchangeable lenses, CAM+ is a reliable and powerful digital camera. Based on our existing modular VISION architecture, CAM+ will also be highly versatile. The Harris PRISM chipset supports wireless image transmission and RF navigation for position tagging of images. More than a housing around a COTS camera module, the CAM+ will be built from the ground up to minimize weight, power consumption and size, while maximizing performance, reliability and versatility.

Contact Info

761 Neeson Rd #9
Marina, CA 93933
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC MACHINES SOCOM 99-006Ruggedized Digital Camera

Abstract

There exists a need within the military and civilian sectors for a system that marries the best qualities of an underwater SLR camera with a camcorder. The IEM system will possess the capability to capture still images, variable frame rate color video up to 30-fps, and audio onto recordable media. The system will employ advanced electronics to create a fully automatic and fully user selectable camera within the same package. This system will use interchangeable and waterproof lenses within the 28mm to 2000mm focal lengths. These lenses will contain auto-focus circuitry that may be defeated for manual operation further extending their capability. Other user selectable features include time and date stamps, exposure control, through the lens metering approach (center weighted, 5 zone, etc.), sealing pressure, and exposure priority. Key areas of innovation include a video camera based upon SLR principles, 30-fps high-resolution color video (> 1 Million Pixels), mass storage using tape or solid state memory technology, and watertight seals between camera bodies and interchangeable lenses. IEM proposes unique, ingenious solutions to each area in this proposal.

Contact Info

60 Fourth Avenue
Albany, NY 12202
Physical Sciences Inc. SOCOM06-007Non-Toxic Obscurants and Dispersal System

Abstract

SOCOM and other DOD services have urgent need for safe, non-toxic visual obscurants that can be rapidly dispersed in a battlefield or into a vehicle. These obscurants must block or disrupt all visual capability within their area of effect. The dispersion must be rapid and easy to implement by field personnel. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) will develop a non-toxic obscurant and dispersion system compatible with current SOCOM equipment. The PSI obscurant innovation is based on particle size engineering of non-toxic, FDA-approved host materials. The second PSI innovation is to combine these materials with a similarly non-toxic, low-cost, rapid dispersion system. The dispersion approach is thermally benign, further reducing health risks and increasing the number of potential applications. During the Phase II program, PSI will improve the obscurant performance, engineer and test the dispersion approach and deliver a large set of prototype units for field testing. While the proposed development will focus on small unit vehicles, other applications include obscuration of personnel in rooms, courtyards and other enclosed areas. The combined obscurant and dispersion system will be delivered to the target volume with existing operational hardware and will accommodate additional payloads such as dyes, taggants, irritants or malodorants.

Contact Info

20 NEW ENGLAND BUSINESS CENTER
ANDOVER MA 01810-1022
LIBERTY AMMUNITION, INC. SOCOM06-008Enhanced Small Arms Ammunition

Abstract

Historically, small arms ammunition has been limited in it's performance due to dated projectile designs. Recently, Liberty Ammunition has introduced a novel patented projectile design, which optimizies accuracy, range, hard and soft target perfomance in a single round. This innovation increases the capability of existing small arms and eliminates the need for users to carry more than one type of ammunition to meet misssion requirements.

Contact Info

1880 University Parkway
Sarasota FL 34243-2225
QUASAR Federal Systems, Inc. SOCOM06-017Airborne RF Direction Finding System

Abstract

The proposed Phase II SBIR Program aims to develop and test a compact, integrated system suitable for conducting RF direction finding (DF) and geolocation in near-real time from a small airborne platform. QUASAR Federal Systems will produce a system suitable for integration into Unmanned Aircraft Systems as small as a MEUAS (e.g., Boeing ScanEagle) or an aerostat and provide both signal interception and geolocation of multiple signals in the 30 MHz 500 MHz range in near real time. The proposed technology has several advantages over traditional DF approaches. Primarily, it offers the capability to provide geolocation from a single position, using antenna elements that are much smaller, less obvious, and potentially better camouflaged as compared with the multiple antenna elements used by traditional DF techniques. The program is divided into Base and Option Phases. The culmination of the base program will be a balloon or tower-mounted demonstration. The program end goal is a successful demonstration of a system mounted on a customer-selected UAV or aerostat at the completion of the Option Phase.

Contact Info

5754 Pacific Center Blvd.
San Diego CA 92121-
NanoSonic, Inc. SOCOM09-001(Shape Memory Integrated Vital Energy Resource) SHIVER-Suit for SOF Divers

Abstract

NanoSonic has developed novel nanomaterials to enable a dynamic thermal protection dive suit that can adapt to variable environments and United States Special Operations Forces diver activity levels. During Phase II of this program, NanoSonic shall integrate our responsive nanomaterials into prototype dive suits, provide metrics of system improvements over current off-the-shelf garments, and verify variable thermal responsiveness in clothing insulation units (Clo). TRL5 will be achieved upon delivery of two prototype dive suits with Clo & #8805;1.6 down to 0.7 (per ASTM F1868 and ASTM F 1291) over a respective temperature range of 8 & #61616;C to 37 & #61616;C (>90 & #61616;F). Thermo-mechanical durability will also be optimized via systematic synthetic engineering. Upon government input, NanoSonic shall deliver fifteen enhanced dive suits with a minimum TRL of 6 to advance the state-of-the-art in adaptable thermal protection for variable environments and activity levels. NanoSonic"s Shape Memory Integrated Vital Energy Resource (SHIVER)-suits are expected to significantly enhance the comfort and extend the missions of US SOF divers in harsh environments. NanoSonic is working with the leading manufacturers of dive suit insulation and commodity military textiles to demonstrate the SHIVER suit as a first step in providing full environmental protection in every condition experienced by SOF warfighters.

Contact Info

158 Wheatland Drive
Pembroke, VA 24136
Exquadrum, Inc SOCOM09-002Flare with Optically Invisible Light Signature (FOILS)

Abstract

The proposed program will develop and demonstrate an effective infra-red (IR) countermeasure in the desired IR spectrum range while minimizing detectable signatures in the visible light spectrum. The prototype flare shall be developed to Technology Readiness (TRL) Level 6 and demonstrated in a relevant environment". The prototype should be as close to the final planned production/commercial configuration as possible and shall be ready to be installed onboard operational aircraft immediately following the end of the Phase II Base Period of Performance while simultaneously being ready for rigorous wind stream testing which will simulate the launching of the flare off of an aircraft.

Contact Info

12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto CA 92301-
GENERAL SCIENCES, INC. SOCOM09-002Low Visibility Decoy Flare

Abstract

Low visibility rotary aircraft decoys are needed to protect vehicles against heat seeking missile attacks without illuminating the target which exposes the aircraft to small arms fire and potentially compromising the mission. The novel approach to this challenge is to produce a decoy which emits only in the bands of interest utilizing techniques such as containment and composition selection to optimize performance from the limited volume of existing dispensers. Reactive materials will be used to generate heat which will produce a hot cloud of molten metal and hot CO2 gas neither of which will produce a visible signature, but will produce the IR signal desired.

Contact Info

205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton PA 18964-
NanoSonic, Inc. SOCOM10-001HybridSil Diver Armor for Special Operation Forces Divers

Abstract

The objective of this Phase II SBIR program is to transition NanoSonic"s HybridSil Diver armor nanocomposite technology to next generation special operations forces (SOF) dry and wet suits for drastically enhanced multi-threat protection from laceration, abrasion, and puncture threats. Building from a strong technical foundation empirically validating the exceptional promise and scalability of down-selected fiber nanocomposite ensembles, NanoSonic will work with existing dry and wet suit manufactures to integrate high strength fabric weaves assimilating nanocomposite coatings molecularly engineered for an optimal balance of protection, comfort, and maneuverability. Multiple dry and wet suit prototypes will be constructed for SOF diver feedback and analysis. Through these efforts, NanoSonic will create an innovative, commercially transitionable nanocomposite technology that may be rapidly deployed for immediate SOF diver protection from a broad spectrum of laceration, abrasion, and puncture threats.

Contact Info

158 Wheatland Drive
Pembroke VA 24136-
Luna Innovations Incorporated SOCOM10-002Mesoporous CO2 Scrubber Materials for Underwater Breathing Apparatus Platforms

Abstract

Current and future military forces are moving to be lighter, faster, and stealthier in order to maintain an operational advantage. For example, underwater combat activities require light and small equipment for the submarines or the divers to efficiently complete the assigned missions. Among those systems required by underwater activities, breathing air supply equipment is especially critical for performance in the underwater environment. A lightweight and small volume underwater breathing apparatus (UBA) is required to supply combat divers with continuous breathing gas in the water. Naval Special Warfare Command"s (WARCOM) current CO2 scrubbing capabilities are large, expensive, non-regenerative, and can impart significant breathing resistance in human powered systems. Development of a more efficient and regenerative scrubber technology will benefit WARCOM by allowing small, lighter, less logistically demanding equipment for recycling breathing air. Luna Innovations has demonstrated novel regenerable sorbent materials that have demonstrated higher CO2 absorption efficiencies than current state of the art CO2 sorbents.

Contact Info

1 Riverside Circle
Roanoke VA 24016-
3 Phoenix, Inc. SOCOM10-003Compact, Covert Periscope with 360 Degree Simultaneous Day/Night Coverage

Abstract

3 Phoenix, Inc. proposes to build, integrate, test and deliver a modular non-rotational high definition compact periscope system for use on submerged or surface vehicles. Our design is compliant with the Modular Open Systems Approach (MOSA) as it is based on commercial interface standards and commercially available electronics. The system will provide instantaneous 360-degree field of view in an exceptionally low profile form factor. The proposed system will provide day and night operations from full direct sunlight to star light background illumination. The unique high dynamic range multi-spectral sensor architecture provides over 120 dB of dynamic range at 30 frames per second. The proposed system is very rugged and requires no moving parts to image the entire scene. Our design incorporates RF antenna capabilities for L1/L2 Band GPS signals and can be extended to include other RF communications bands. The system incorporates a unique permanent super-hydrophobic window modification that prohibits accumulation of water, ice, or debris on the window. The multi-spectral sensor system incorporates image stabilization. The system is comprised of a range of commercially available modules that are integrated and can be adapted to multiple applications. The entire mast system only requires DC power and Ethernet.

Contact Info

14585 Avion Pwy
Chantilly VA 20151-
CONTINENTAL CONTROLS & DESIGN, INC. SOCOM10-005High Speed Combatant Craft Automated Ride Control

Abstract

In P2, we will continue development of our integrated smartride Automatic Ride Control (ARC) system. In P1 we began ocean testing so P2 will concentrate on raising the TRL to approach a production ready system. With sophisticated onboard instrumentation, we will demonstrate at least a 30% reduction in unwanted craft motion, including bow slamming. Early in the project, a system will be made available to expert operators for evaluation and feedback. Later in the year, we will install a system on a government craft. While ride quality and shock mitigation is the primary focus, we also hope to show a marked improvement in high speed craft efficiency by maintaining an optimized hull incidence throughout the operating envelope. A successful result will introduce small high speed craft to the 21st century of automatic vehicle controls, mimicking the recent trends in automotive and aerospace dynamic systems.

Contact Info

20252 Bancroft Circle
Huntington Beach CA 92646-4722
Physical Optics Corp.SOCOM10-006Research Enabled Activity Consolidated To Optimize Resources

Abstract

To address the SOCOM need for a power supply for the Tactical Assault Light Operator Suit (TALOS), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to investigate new Research Enabled Activity Consolidated To Optimize Resources (REACTOR). This proposed research is intended to explore current state-of-the-art energy storage solutions with an eye toward development of emergent technologies and innovations. The nascent innovations on the technical horizon will be investigated and evaluated through the vehicle of an in depth trade study that will enable SOCOM to make informed decisions as to which avenues merit development and potential funding. In Phase I, POC will investigate the feasibility of existing energy storage solutions and evaluate their suitability. Further, POC will compile a matrix of new technologies and grade each technology on the bases of SOCOM requirements including energy density, size, weight and power (SWaP). In Phase II, POC plans to develop and demonstrate a working prototype proving the feasibility of one or more of the downselected technologies evaluated in the suitability matrix developed under Phase I.

Contact Info

1845 West 205th St.
Torrance, CA 90501
Aqua Resources Corporation SOCOM10-007Clean, Green, ChemBio Defense/Fire Retardant Process Using Nanotechnology

Abstract

NanoPlatelets (NPs) created of metal hydroxides present entirely new and previously unknown set of morphologes/properties and are a virtually new frontier and unstudied field of Material Science and may be leveraged into many of todays DoD and Comercial Technical Challenges and applications. Case in point is SOCOM's Defense Mitigation and Decontamination of military aircraft and equipment and electronics. Validation and Proof-of-concept of the; efficacy of NanoPlatelets NPs, nontoxic aspects, environmentally and electronically friendly prophylactic pre-treatment and/or post-treatment. These treatments are designed to address CB threats and challenges against interiors and exteriors of aircraft and possibly other vehicles/equipment, inclusive of electronics and other sensitive operational equipment. Currently existing Chemical and Biological (CB) defense technologies for decontaminating or neutralizing threat of CB agents can damage sensitive equipment and create significant environmental, logistical, and operational burdens on the mobility and utility of Military Assets. Preliminary testing of NPs indicate that NPs have a high potential of solving these challenges.

Contact Info

1113 Towne Lake Hills E.
Woodstock GA 30189-
DIFFRACTION, LTD. SOCOM10-008Multi-Spectral Combat ID Beacon

Abstract

For Phase 2, Diffraction proposes to develop a small, lightweight, low profile, battery powered multi-spectral combat ID beacon. The beacon will output enough energy in the mid wave infrared (MWIR) bands to be visible to nearly all US and allied targetin

Contact Info

186 Mad River Park
Waitsfield VT 05673-
Oceanit Laboratories, Inc. SOCOM11-001Helicopter Hostile Fire Indication Sensor

Abstract

One of the most critical challenges facing our war fighter is to detect enemy fire quickly and accurately for force protection. Existing acoustic systems protect against gunshots only and are relatively slow; optical systems are large and expensive, suffer from a high false alarm rate, and do not provide 360 degree coverage. To address these issues, Oceanit has developed an enhanced Hostile Fire Detection System (HFDS) that can operate from ground or airborne platforms and detect multiple types of weapons. Oceanit"s HFDS provides the world"s fastest hostile fire detection system. Using a novel sensor chip that operates at 10,000+ frames per second, this next-generation optical system can be deployed on multiple platforms. HFDS provides full 360 degree battle space coverage from a single sensor with great accuracy. This ultra high-speed sensing enables improved detection, reduces false alarms, and provides the ability to identify friend/foe weapon types. With a reaction time of less than one-tenth of a second, the system provides a warning before a shot is heard. Its fast reaction time supports automated countermeasures. SOCOM has requested research on a system that also can accurately determine the distance to a shooter. In this submission, Oceanit proposes three different methods to augment our system to determine threat distances.

Contact Info

Oceanit Center
Honolulu HI 96813-
Solid State Scientific Corporation SOCOM11-001Small Integrated HFI Sensor for the AVR-2B

Abstract

Solid State Scientific Corporation (SSSC) is pleased to propose the design of a single-board, integrated Hostile Fire Indication (HFI) system with the nominal size, weight, and power constraints for operation as an adjunct sensor within the AN/AVR-2B(V) Laser Warning Set. Work on Phase I will consist of the preliminary design of a single circuit board that includes an uncooled, Commercial Off-The-Shelf, Short-Wave Infrared (SWIR) focal plane, analog-to-digital circuitry, camera control electronics, digital signal processing electronics, processor and memory electronics for hosting threat warning algorithms, and support and interface electronics. SSSC will design the system using the existing Multi-Function Threat Detector (MFTD) system as a baseline, with the integration of the MFTD camera board, pre-processing board, and processing board onto a single board representing the most important innovation. The design and development of this new, fully integrated multispectral sensor represents a unique opportunity in spectral sensing and imaging. The resulting small, integrated HFI sensor for the AVR-2B system is expected to operate within the existing AN/AVR-2B system using a four-window adapted front plate: one window for the HFI sensor and the other three for laser warning functions. The HFI sensor will operate with small size, weight, and power characteristics with minimal impact on the existing AVR-2B. As a spectral sensor, the HFI system will incorporate a 4-channel optical design for spectral imaging that classifies hostile fire sources by type with high probability of detection and low false alarm rates. Threat warning coverage will be comparable to the field of view of the AVR-2B, with angular resolution in both azimuth and elevation to approximately 1 degrees . This sensor will offer true HFI capability to the helicopter air crew.

Contact Info

27-2 Wright Road
Hollis NH 03049-
Solid State Scientific Corporation SOCOM11-001Small Integrated HFI Sensor for the AVR-2B

Abstract

"SSSC is pleased to propose the development and delivery of a Hostile Fire Indication Sensor (HFIS) based on the Phase I design concept. The resulting system will limit the number of circuit card assemblies to two: one for the short wave infrared (SWIR)

Contact Info

27-2 Wright Road
Hollis NH 03049-
Orbital Research Inc SOCOM11-002Combat Swimmer Situational Awareness Systems (CSSAS)

Abstract

The proposed Combat Situational Awareness System (CSAS) is a comprehensive biometric and SCUBA status monitoring system capable of continuous monitoring of vital information such as heart rate, oxygen saturation, respiration, and full conditions such as battery metering, oxygen sensor status, and depth and location. Existing dive computers provide some situational awareness information to divers to ensure safety. Further, technologies do exist which transmits SCUBA and location information from a diver to the surface. However, to date, a system does not exist which provides a full compliment of biometric and SCUBA status awareness back and forth between the diver and the topside dive supervisor. Orbital"s proposed CSAS will fill this large gap in current military dive computers by providing critical real-time biometric data to both the diver and to the diving supervisor to aid in diver safety and performance. This Phase I SBIR program will focus on developing a sensor suite for monitoring, processing and transmitting important biometric and SCUBA status data. During Phase I, ORI will integrate two innovative biometric sensors platforms with commercially available dive computers to demonstrate vital signs and SCUBA status can be readily viewed and transmitted.

Contact Info

4415 Euclid Avenue, Suite 500
Cleveland OH 44103-3757
CEEBUS TECHNOLOGIES, LLC SOCOM11-002Combat Swimmer Situational Awareness Systems Integration Effort

Abstract

Ceebus Technologies is proposing a development plan to monitor diver vital biometric data and collect SCUBA status data, store the data, analyze and compare the data to normal, generate alerts or alarms if necessary, send the data to other underwater diver teammates and to a surface vessel. Sensors on the diver to monitor the biometric vitals will be investigated from the existing sensor market. If no suitable sensors are found that meet the specifications for sensitivity, reliability, pressure and water resistant, Ceebus will suggest a design. This data will be incorporated into the C3SA Underwater Diver Locator/Positioner. The C3SA will store and process this information. The data will be displayed on the C3SA display and on a diver full-face mask heads-up display. Ceebus plans to co-develop the heads-up display with one of the major facemask manufactures.

Contact Info

1221 Pearl Street
Boulder CO 80302-
Applied Physical Sciences Corp. SOCOM11-002Diver Physiological Monitoring (DPM) System with Integrated Head Mounted Display (HMD) and AComms

Abstract

Applied Physical Sciences Corp. (APS) in collaboration with Ocean Technology Systems (OTS) will develop a diver physiological monitoring (DPM) system with integrated microdisplay that easily retrofits with existing full face masks (FFM) and that leverages commercial-off-the-shelf biometric sensors. The capability to quantitatively evaluate and assess a remote diver"s status will significantly improve situational awareness and ensure safe and effective operations. In that regard, the DPM system will acoustically transmit diver heart rate, respiratory rate, and body temperature to a surface station in real-time whereby a training supervisor can keep track of individual divers during training exercises. The DPM system will be integrated with a digital head mounted display and a diver communication system. The focus of the Phase I effort is to evaluate and integrate physiological sensors into an existing Scuba FFM that is reliable, accurate, and unobtrusive to the diver. Commercialization within SOCOM, the US Navy, and the United States Coast Guard will be pursued.

Contact Info

475 Bridge Street
Groton CT 06340-
Physical Optics Corporation SOCOM11-002Situational Awareness Enhancing Adaptive Lightweight HMD

Abstract

To address the SOCOM need for an integrated system for enhancing the situational awareness of combat swimmers, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Situational-Awareness Enhancing Adaptive Lightweight Head-Mounted Display (SEAL-HMD). This proposed system is based on conformal diffractive optic waveguide retrofitted into existing full facemask (FFM) visors or designed into new FFMs with complete physiological, environmental, and equipment sensor integration with dive computer processing and hybrid acoustic/RF subsurface-to-air data communication and location tracking. The innovation in see-through displays integrated into the FFM will enable true heads-up content, and compressive sampling of sensor data will enable reduced bandwidth burden on constrained acoustic links, while the direct sequence spread spectrum modulation and beamforming enable improved covert capability, signal recovery, and acoustic vector sensor-based positioning and tracking. The system will be packaged and ruggedized for field use in accordance with SOCOM operational requirements of seawater (100m), high-pressure (90psi), and wide-temperature ranges (32-95 deg F). In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SEAL-HMD by providing a laboratory demonstration of a FFM integrated see-through display and underwater communications and tracking. In Phase II, POC plans to mature the SEAL-HMD technology and develop designs to meet operational requirements for field use.

Contact Info

20600 Gramercy Place
Torrance CA 90501-
Lynntech, Inc. SOCOM11-003Advanced Power System for Air Launched Small Unmanned Aerial Systems

Abstract

The air-launched expendable Small Unmanned Aerial System (SUAS) under development by the Air Force can expand mission capabilities by extending the range of on-board sensors, tracking multiple targets, increasing target acquisition accuracy, and providing direct support for ground teams. Current state-of-the-art battery technology provides Group 1 SUAS with approximately 25-60 minutes of operational time. A mission endurance time of at least 4 hours is needed to make SUAS viable for multiple mission scenarios, and current battery power systems do not provide sufficient power and energy within the limited mass and volume required. In addition, the power solution must also provide safe operation while on board the aircraft or in storage. Lynntech proposes to develop an advanced fuel cell-hybrid power system to enable a long endurance SUAS. During the Phase I, Lynntech will design the power system, demonstrate the operation of a breadboard system, and plan the integration of the power system into a Group 1 SUAS. During the Phase II the power system will be integrated and tested with a Group 1 SUAS to provide a long endurance platform for the Air Force.

Contact Info

2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation SOCOM11-003Combined Airframe and Power system for Extended Range (CAPER)

Abstract

Aurora Flight Sciences and Protonex Technology Corporation propose a research effort into a Combined Airframe and Power system for Extended Range (or"CAPER") power system for air-launched Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (SUAS). The CAPER system is unique in that a fuel cell system and a SUAS will be designed together as a system, allowing design optimization to occur across the entire system. This is in contrast to past efforts, which have shoehorned existing fuel cell systems into existing SUAS designs, result in sub-optimal performance, albeit often better than battery-based performance. Designing an integrated power system for SUAS will result in mass savings which can be directly translated into higher fuel fraction and therefore greater range/endurance. Being able to optimize the design at the system level will also allow air-launched SUAS to meet difficult mission requirements while meeting constraints on packed volume and required power for flight.

Contact Info

9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas VA 20110-
TDA Research, Inc. SOCOM11-003High Capacity Primary Battery for Expendable SUAS

Abstract

Air launched small unmanned aerial systems (SUAS) are limited by the current use of lithium-ion batteries (~150 Wh/kg) for power. To obtain a 4 hour run time of Group 1 SUAS a new battery technology is needed. TDA Research has discovered a fundamentally new battery cathode chemistry for high capacity primary (non-rechargeable) batteries. The new material has an even higher theoretical capacity (3050 Wh/kg) than commercial CFx (2160 Wh/kg) cathode batteries. However, in contrast to the intrinsically hazardous and expensive synthesis needed to make CFx, our cathode can be made under relatively mild conditions. In our preliminary experiments we have achieved encouraging discharge capacities proving the feasibility of the new battery system. In addition, this new battery system will prove superior to lithium-ion batteries in safety, non-toxicity and cost.

Contact Info

12345 W 52ND AVE
WHEAT RIDGE CO 80033-1916
Integrated Solutions For Systems SOCOM11-003Novel Power System for Extended Endurance of Air Launched SUAS

Abstract

Tactical requirements for small unmanned aircraft systems (SUAS) are exceeding current capabilities in performance, reliability, maintainability, and supportability. Mission requirements such as endurance, power, acoustics and low altitude maneuverability and observability for air-launched SUAS are paramount. State of the art technology for Joint UAS Group 1 provides approximately 25-60 minutes of endurance with conventional lithium ion batteries. The Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) has published endurance and cost goals, concept of operation, and environmental considerations for Group 1 air-launched SUAS. AFSOC highlights the need for increased endurance of at least four hours, despite operational and environmental challenges. The focus of this SBIR is to develop and demonstrate a novel power system integrated in an air-launched SUAS that provides additional power, meets the four hour endurance goal, and meets the environmental challenges. The expected result combines an ultra-compact, heavy-fuel-compliant turboalternator with integrally coupled generator and the accompanying fuel system, controls, power conditioning electronics and battery charging circuitry for an efficient and reliable power system that greatly increases the soldier"s operational and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) capability. The IS4S team brings together a highly qualified team with diverse knowledge and experience in SUAS, turbine-based systems, power systems and controls.

Contact Info

4970 Corporate Drive, Suite 100
Huntsville AL 35805-
NanoSonic, Inc. SOCOM11-004Airless HybridSil Combat Tires for Special Operations Vehicles

Abstract

The objective of this Phase I SBIR program is to develop and qualify next generation antiballistic airless tires that provide high speed off-road performance for Special Operations vehicles. The proposed tire technology will provide non-pneumatic antiballistic tires with terrain durability and ballistic resilience through the integration of NanoSonic"s HybridSil armor technology. This pioneering class of nanocomposite materials has independently validated resilience against 0.50 cal fragment simulating projectiles, buried C4 landmine explosives, and exceptional fire resistance. The proposed airless tire ensembles will employ HybridSil as a compliant, shock absorbing foam interlayer located between existing tire and wheel structures in place of pressurized inner tubes. Uniquely, the mechanical properties of NanoSonic"s HybridSil foam support will be tailored for ballistic survivability through multiple shear thickening defeat pathways, as well as provide a rapid self-healing mechanism to ensure negligible deterioration in road performance from ballistic and terrain threats. Further, optimized HybridSil foam interlayers will be tailored for rapid integration into existing tire manufacturing process and provide an order of magnitude weight reduction over current run-flat technologies. To facilitate rapid Phase III integration to Special Operations vehicles, NanoSonic has partnered with Goodyear for Phase I consultation and guidance efforts.

Contact Info

158 Wheatland Drive
Pembroke VA 24136-
American Engineering Group LLCSOCOM11-004Improved Tire Technology for Special Operations Vehicles

Abstract

American Engineering Group (AEG) will study the feasibility of utilizing carbon-fiber multiple hoop technology in developing a zero-pressure tire-wheel system. AEG will conduct feasibility study to develop this technology to produce a high-speed, off-road tire that can survive terrain and ballistic threats. AEG will work with Goodyear Tire Company (Akron, Ohio) & Community Tire(St Louis, MO) on the manufacturing and scalability of this technology in Phase III. American Engineering Group"s Phase I design concept of the tire-wheel consists of multiple hoop underneath the tread. In turn, this combination gives a high level of adaptability and puncture proof operation in a variety of terrain while maintaining rolling resistance, ride, handling and other performance characteristics related to conventional pneumatic tires. This technology will eliminate the need for run-flat elastomer insert and provides ballistic capability. A key to this AEG unique design is the improved wheel and tread design that allows more efficient use of tire sidewall & tread carbonfiber reinforcements. AEG proposes to further study, optimize and develop this zero-pressure wheel-tire concept to ultimately achieve a rugged zero-pressure wheel-tire system This Phase II will be a follow-on effort from the Phase I feasibility study on SOCOM11-004 entitled"Improved Tire Technology for Special Operations Vehicles". This design will be evaluated and optimized based on military standards regarding performance, durability, manufacturability, and weight. AEG will develop and make prototype tires size LT265/65R17 and alternate size of LT245/45R17 with load rating for a minimum vehicle corner weight of 2500 lbs. AEG will make six (6) run-flat 17inch tires each from both sizes with wheel assemblies for a 2012 Toyota Hilux pickup truck.

Contact Info

934 Grant Street, #101
Akron, OH 4311
Alico Systems Inc SOCOM12-001Ka-band Spread Spectrum

Abstract

This proposal for a Ka-band Spread Spectrum terminal presents a unique affordable design approach for On-the-move satellite communications. Over the past 5 years Alico Systems has been involved in the design and development of low cost phased array antennas for the DoD. Our most recent product for the Army is based on a 2 dimensional affordable X-band broadband phased array design. For this Ka-band terminal we are proposing a one dimensional phased array antenna mounted on a turntable coupled to the iDirect e850mp spread spectrum modem to provide 5 Mbps uplink and 5 Mbps downlink capability. The proposed terminal will meet MIL-STD-810G Environmental, MIL-STD-461F EMI, and MIL-STD-1275D Vehicle Power requirements.

Contact Info

2461 W. 205th Street, STE B105
Torrance CA 90501-1464
EMAG Technologies, Inc. SOCOM12-001Ka-band Spread Spectrum

Abstract

EMAG Technologies, Inc. (Ann Arbor, MI) is responding to a US Special Operations Command solicitation for a Wideband Global SATCOM (WGS) certified Ka-Band antenna. The solicitation requests the development and integration of a WGS-certified, low-visibility, small-form-factor commercial and military capable Ka-band spread spectrum antenna (KSSA) including the software for the modem to support Ka Spread Spectrum. The material solution will be similar in size/configuration to the existing Ka-band spread spectrum antennas and will provide maximum flexibility based upon the medium (e.g., airborne, ground and/or maritime) and satellite architecture (e.g., commercial Ka, commercial Ka and/or DoD Ka) available to SOF to execute assigned missions. The proposed solution with utilize EMAG's novel Vertically Integrated Scalable Antenna Tile (VISAT) technology.

Contact Info

775 Technology Dr.
Ann Arbor MI 48108-
FIRST RF CORPORATION SOCOM12-001Ka-band Spread Spectrum

Abstract

SATCOM On-The-Move (OTM) is one of the greatest operational and tactical advantages our troops have. The SATCOM terminals available pose a number of practical constraints resulting in less than universal usage. Traditional reflectors are high profile and difficult to integrate on aircraft and ground vehicles. The ability to maintain link during high-g maneuvers such as travelling over rough terrain or flying through turbulent air is a challenge for these terminals because they rely on mechanically pointing a large dish. Phased arrays are very expensive. An affordable, high gain antenna to close the link is a crucial part of the system. FIRST RF proposes an antenna/modem solution for Ku/Ka Band SATCOM OTM that solves the performance, size and cost problems associated with existing terminals. Our hybrid approach combines the beam agility of an electrically steered antenna with the cost targets of a mechanically steered antenna. Further, the proposed approach spatially integrates out the effects of platform motion on beam pointing ability. The aperture is fed by a novel wideband feed approach which is a key discriminator of this design. During Phase I, we will produce hardware supporting the proposed feed concept, thus eliminating risk and advancing the TRL.

Contact Info

4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder CO 80301-
FIRST RF CORPORATIONSOCOM12-001Ka-band Spread Spectrum

Abstract

SATCOM On-The-Move (OTM) is one of the greatest operational and tactical advantages our troops have. The SATCOM terminals available pose a number of practical constraints resulting in less than universal usage. Traditional reflectors are high profile and difficult to integrate on aircraft and ground vehicles. The ability to maintain link during high-g maneuvers such as travelling over rough terrain or flying through turbulent air is a challenge for these terminals because they rely on mechanically pointing a large dish. Phased arrays are very expensive. An affordable, high gain antenna to close the link is a crucial part of the system. FIRST RF proposes an antenna/modem solution for Ka Band SATCOM OTM that solves the performance, size and cost problems associated with existing terminals. Our hybrid approach combines the beam agility of an electrically steered antenna with the cost targets of a mechanically steered antenna. Further, the proposed approach spatially integrates out the effects of platform motion on beam pointing ability. During Phase II, we will produce hardware and demonstrate the SATCOM performance via a satellite link

Contact Info

5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Voxtel Inc. SOCOM12-002Ink Jet Printing of High Performance SWIR Imagers

Abstract

A full, wafer scale nanocrystal detector technology will be used to fabricate compact, light weight, low power, low cost short-wavelength infrared (SWIR) sensors. This approach is based on integration of inorganic nanocrystal films with large-format, small-pixel-pitch CMOS readout integrated circuits (ROICs). Using solution processing, the nanocrystal films can be printed directly onto ROICs, allowing high resolution (e.g.<10Ám pitch) focal planes to be realized at low cost, without the need for indium bump bonding. In Phase I, a series of SWIR sensitive nanocrystals will be developed, optimized with inorganic ligands, and short wavelength infrared (SWIR) sensitive films will be analytically characterized. The films will be integrated with high resolution readout integrated circuits (ROICs) and the optical performance of fully-functional SWIR imagers will be demonstrated. In Phase II, the performance of the detectors will be optimized and large format, high pixel density imagers will be fabricated, field tested, and reliability tested.

Contact Info

15985 NW Schendel Avenue
Beaverton OR 97006-
Amethyst Research Incorporated SOCOM12-002Low Dark Current, Extended Wavelength SWIR Sensors Using Hydrogenated nBn InGaAs

Abstract

Improved performance SWIR sensors with extended wavelength response to 2.5 microns will be developed using two disruptive technologies with which Amethyst has demonstrated success: nBn detector structures and defect passivation via hydrogenation. Similar to conventional extended wavelength photodiodes, the improved sensors will based on mismatched InGaAs grown on graded buffer layers on InP substrates. Conventional photodiodes in mismatched InGaAs suffer performance degradation that is related to excess dark current related to defect processes. These photodiode structures will be replaced with nBn detector structures, which have been demonstrated to be very effective in suppression of defect processes in materials closely related to mismatched InGaAs. Additional suppression of defect-related dark current will be accomplished via defect-passivation of the mismatched InGaAs nBn materials. This work will build on recent studies by Amethyst, demonstrating hydrogenation-produced dark current suppression in mismatched InAs nBn devices. This recent success with hydrogenated mismatched nBn"s in InAs is directly relevant to the extended wavelength mismatched InGaAs nBn materials, which are 80% InAs. Order of magnitude dark current reduction is anticipated in extended wavelength sensors with high quantum efficiency operating between T=200K and room temperature.

Contact Info

123 Case Circle
Ardmore OK 73401-0643
Wavefront SOCOM12-002Short-Wave-Infrared (SWIR) Night Glow Photon-Counting Integrated Circuit (PCIC) Focal Plane Array (FPA) Detectors and Night Vision Cameras

Abstract

Almost all intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) platforms and all small agile munitions need high-sensitivity night vision imagers for situational awareness and for target identification, tracking and discrimination. The requirements of situational awareness, responsiveness and weapon precision are ever more stringent in current and future urban warfare, where minimum collateral damage is desired. Micro unmanned aerial vehicles (micro-UAV), for example, require precision guidance capability to maneuver in obstruction-rich and highly cluttered urban terrain for surveillance and engagement of fixed and mobile targets. Soldiers need an infrared out-of-band night vision advantage on today's asymmetric battlefield. We need to regain the night in today's theaters. Night glow in the short-wave infrared band spanning 1,100nm, 1,300nm and 1,500 1,700nm is a consistent natural source of illumination under almost all weather conditions. Currently, even the most sensitive tactical InGaAs SWIR camera may not be sensitive enough to fully take advantage of the SWIR night glow for night vision. The proposed Photon-Counting Integrated Circuit (PCIC) offers higher sensitivity and lower noise, leading to significantly enhanced signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) to enable SWIR night vision at or near ambient temperature with mega-pixel resolution and human video frame rate for soldiers, micro-UAVs and other agile and mobile platforms.

Contact Info

7 Johnston Circle
BASKING RIDGE NJ 07920-
EPIR Technologies Inc SOCOM12-002Unipolar nBn HgCdTe on Silicon for High Performance, Low Cost NIR/SWIR Imagers

Abstract

We propose the development of a near infrared/shortwave infrared (NIR/SWIR) sensor based on mercury cadmium telluride (HgCdTe) in an n-type/barrier/n-type (nBn) architecture, designed for room-temperature operation in the 0.7 to 2.8Ám NIR/SWIR spectral range. The sensor will compete as a low cost/high performance alternative to near infrared indium gallium arsenide (InGaAs)-based cameras by providing reduced fabrication costs and an extended detection wavelength range. The detectors will be composed of n-type and undoped HgCdTe material, which simplifies the manufacturing and lowers costs by eliminating the complications associated with p-type doping. This Phase I proposed effort will fabricate a prototype nBn HgCdTe NIR/SWIR sensors on silicon substrates with room-temperature spectral response from the silicon absorption band edge (~1.1Ám) to 2.8Ám. In Phase II, the nBn devices will be incorporated in high-resolution FPAs, and, with substrate removal, have responsivity from 0.7Ám to 2.8Ám. In the nBn architecture, HgCdTe has tremendous potential for advanced NIR/SWIR imaging applications that can realize an"out-of-band"capability advantage over InGaAs detectors while maintaining cost competitiveness because of the simplified processing of nBn devices as well as the low cost and large format of Si substrates.

Contact Info

590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook IL 60440-4881
Amethyst Research IncorporatedSOCOM12-002Low Dark Current, Extended Wavelength SWIR Sensors Using Hydrogenated Unipolar Barrier InGaAs

Abstract

In this Phase II program, improved performance SWIR sensors with extended wavelength response to 2.5 microns will be developed using two disruptive technologies, which Amethyst has successfully demonstrated in the Phase I program: unipolar barrier (e.g., nBn) detector structures, and defect passivation via hydrogenation. This two-pronged approach addresses the main performance limitation of extended SWIR sensors: defects in the crystalline InGaAs material. Defect concentrations are high in extended wavelength InGaAs because, in order to achieve the wider spectral response, it is necessary to use a material composition that is mismatched to the InP substrate (contrary to the case of conventional SWIR InGaAs). The approach for conventional SWIR does not work well when applied to extended wavelength SWIR, because the large defect concentrations produce large dark current and noise. In the Amethyst approach of this program, an advanced detector architecture is used, which is more defect tolerant than conventional photodiodes, and the defects in the InGaAs materials will be passivated with a proprietary hydrogenation process. The result will be an order of magnitude decrease in dark current in extended wavelength SWIR sensors. Amethyst has partnered with FLIR systems to ensure rapid insertion of this technology into high value TRL systems.

Contact Info

123 Case Circle
Ardmore, OK 73401-0643
Senseeker Engineering Inc. SOCOM12-003Dual Speed Digital Smart Read Out Integrated Circuit (ROIC)

Abstract

This readout integrated circuit (ROIC) will provide an all-digital system-on-chip solution for creating dual frame rate hybrid image sensors in combination with a wide variety detector materials. This ROIC will contain intelligent image processing capabilities along with binning, windowing, and digital zoom functions to maximize the number of applications to which it may be applied. Its high dual frame rate capabilities and smart image processing will make hybrid image sensors made with this ROIC important and impressive additions to the multiresolution and smart focal plane array market.

Contact Info

5537 Capellina Way
Santa Barbara CA 93111-1427
Nu-Trek SOCOM12-003Dual Speed Read Out Integrated Circuit (ROIC)

Abstract

Nu-Trek is proposing a revolutionary two-speed, 30 Hz/960 Hz, digital readout out integrated circuit (DROIC) that simultaneously provides very high resolution images (18-20 bits) at 30 Hz and lower resolution images (10-12 bits) at up to 960 Hz. Power consumption is about 50 mW for a moderate format DROIC. This performance is unprecedented and will enable a widespread implementation of dual speed IR cameras. The dual speed IR cameras will be able to detect incoming munitions, which are presently very hard to detect. The DROIC has a revolutionary Mixed Mode Counter, which enables both high resolution and high speed operation. The design also takes advantage of an ultra -low power analog to digital converter technology (7 mW for a 14-bit, 20 MSPS ADC) that Nu-Trek has previously developed. In Phase I a prototype DROIC will be designed and fabricated. In Phase II a full scale DROIC will be fabricated and demonstrated in a camera.

Contact Info

17150 Via Del Campo
San Diego CA 92127-2110
RNET Technologies, Inc. SOCOM12-003Dual Speed Read Out Integrated Circuit (ROIC)

Abstract

This SBIR requires the development of an innovative dual speed ROIC (DSROIC) architecture, mated to a detector array within the band of interest and with suitable response speed. According to the solicitation, this effort will establish a DSROIC concept capable of performing conventional staring imaging at video frame rates, while simultaneously being able to process and detect each frame at a higher rate. The solicitation further states that the ability to smartly integrate higher frame rates will provide an overall enhanced image quality and provide an automatic integration time providing the user enhanced image quality. In addition to the greatly increased frame rate, desired features include specialized functionality that will allow for windowing/binning, zoom, autonomous signal processing, programmable frame time, programmable conversion gain, and analog to digital conversion per pixel. RNET is proposing to develop a real-time, digital DSROIC architecture with enhanced performance that will provide the much needed improvements in future FPAs. The envisioned DSROIC architecture focuses on the combination of the front-end of split channel pixel cell design, embedded analog-to-digital conversion (ADC), and programmable features.

Contact Info

240 W. Elmwood Dr.
Dayton OH 45459-4348
Nu-TrekSOCOM12-003Dual Speed Read Out Integrated Circuit (ROIC)

Abstract

Transparent armor is very important to the survivability and situational awareness for the crews of modern land, marine or aviation vehicles. Additionally to the common armor requirements (low areal density and high ballistic performance) transparent armor should provide high infrared and visual transmittance. Ceramic ballistic windows meet these requirements, but they often suffer from unaffordably high cost. Magnesium - aluminum spinel ensures a very high transmittance while being cheaper and available in larger sizes than other transparent ceramics. In order to further decrease areal density and substantially reduce price, it is proposed to develop a silicon oxide spinel composite with high transmittance and ballistic performance. The production expenses will be significantly reduced by using cheap oxide precursors instead of expensive spinel powders, by elimination of the highly expensive steps of hot pressing and isostatic hot pressing (they will be replaced with a much cheaper casting procedure); and by avoiding the most expensive step of optical polishing

Contact Info

16955 Via Del Campo Suite 250
San Diego, CA 92127
PACIFIC BLUE INNOVATIONS SOCOM12-004Facial Signature Reduction

Abstract

Pacific Blue Innovations proposes to develop a facial signature reduction system which would reduce observable NIR and FIR signatures under varied field conditions.

Contact Info

9221 Carmel Mountain Road
San Diego CA 92129-
Performance Indicator, LLC SOCOM12-004Facial Signature Reduction

Abstract

Reducing the personal signature of the warfighter, while simultaneously allowing him to"see, breathe and hear"is critical to mission success. Methods of concealment that are suitable for the body do not adequately mask the face without hindering the ability to"see, breathe and hear". To address the need for reducing signature in the Visible and NIR/SWIR region Performance Indicator, LLC (PI) proposes to develop materials with narrow band absorption spectrum such that absorption is essentially confined to the region wherein the signature is required to be tailored to reduce detection threat. To address the need for reducing the facial signature in the LWIR region, such signature being generated due to higher facial temperature, PI proposes to develop signature reducing solutions by using materials that acts as a thermal buffer. This thermal buffer can be created by using phase change materials

Contact Info

116 John Street
Lowell MA 01852-1128
NEI Corporation SOCOM13-001Nano-scale Coatings for the Protection of Electronics and Sensitive Equipment in Marine Environments

Abstract

We propose to advance the state-of-the-art of durable superhydrophobic coatings for application on printed circuit boards (PCBs) found on underwater vehicles exposed to hydrostatic pressures up to ~10 atm, corresponding to depths of ~100 meters in fresh or salt water, through a combination of NEI"s in-house coating materials development and evaluations of existing nanostructured water-repellent coating technologies. The proposed program ultimately aims to demonstrate that a PCB protected with a superhydrophobic coating can successfully operate in water with performance comparable to a pressurized canister used to house electronics. This requires maintaining key properties electrical, mechanical, and thermal over time under a range of specified operating and environmental conditions, including hydrostatic pressure. The Phase I program will demonstrate the feasibility of producing a more durable and longer-lasting superhydrophobic coating that outperforms state-of-the-art coatings available from commercial sources and research groups specifically intended for protecting PCBs immersed in water. In Phase II, working with a DoD prime contractor, we will continue to refine the structure and architecture of our superhydrophobic coating in order to maximize compatibility, durability and longevity on PCBs exposed to and immersed in fresh and salt water under hydrostatic pressure.

Contact Info

400 E Apgar Drive
Somerset, NJ 08873
Utility Development CorporationSOCOM13-001Nano-scale Coatings for the Protection of Electronics and Sensitive Equipment in Marine Environments

Abstract

The objective will be to develop nano-scale coatings for protection of electronics and other sensitive items from seawater and fresh water. A thorough analysis of various commercial and academic superhydrophobic nanoscale coatings will be conducted for protection of electronics from salt fog, seawater and fresh water. Coatings will be procured from the commercial marketplace, internally from UDC, and from academia. UDC will develop test methods designed for the evaluation of such coatings and will investigate cost effective application methods for utilizing the technologies. UDC will examine various application and curing methods and their impact on coating performance. The coatings that are mechanically durable and weather resistant will be identified. Coatings will be verified for use up to 100m depths and have good thermal conductivity and low electrical conductivity. A comprehensive report detailing test methods, results will be submitted at the end of Phase I program.

Contact Info

112 Naylon Avenue
Livingston, NJ 07039
Lynntech, Inc. SOCOM13-001Protective Superhydrophobic Coatings for Underwater Electronics

Abstract

Sensitive and expensive electronic equipment used in marine environments are generally subjected to harsh extremes. Component lifetimes are typically extended by physical isolation using bags, hard containers or with conformal impermeable coatings. However, over time, protective measures become compromised, the resulting exposure causing corrosion and short circuit-driven malfunctions. There is a need for advanced technologies that effectively protect electronics and sensitive components used in marine environments. Technologies can further benefit from efficient heat dissipation (high thermal conductivity), electrical insulation (low electrical conductivity) and compatibility with the interconnectivity of electronic assemblies. SOCOM has identified a responsive and promising nanotechnology-derived platform: protective superhydrophobic coatings. In response to the need for a feasibility study, an exhaustive evaluation of existing superhydrophobic coating technologies (materials and methods) is proposed herein. Technologies will be evaluated vis--vis Lynntech"s own superhydrophobic coatings technology, derived from various polymer/nanoparticle composites. Studies proposed will thoroughly evaluate coating technologies and identify promising options for both salt and fresh water applications. Feasibility studies are designed to predict coating performance at different depths (varying pressure and temperature). Risks and potential payoffs will be addressed and the option that best achieves the objective of this technology pursuit will be identified and recommended for further development.

Contact Info

2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845-6023
MEGAWAVE CORP. SOCOM13-002Over the Horizon Underwater Communications

Abstract

In this proposal we describe our approach and anticipated results concerning the use of a novel and innovative method for providing Over-The-Horizon (OTH) L-band links between a submerged tracking device and an overhead satellite without the requirement for an on or above surface antenna. The encapsulation of an antenna in a dielectrically compensating tethered cocoon that includes a sensor and means to maintain its depth just below the surface of fresh or saltwater will provide for the efficient launching of the signal towards the zenith.

Contact Info

100 Jackson Road
Devens, MA 01434
Physical Devices LLC SOCOM13-002Over the Horizon Underwater Communications

Abstract

An analysis of alternatives, including modeling, will be conducted of such candidates technologies such as localization, energy provision, and reporting, which are required for long-duration, LPD localization of various types of vessels operating in blue, green and brown water, with near-real time communications, to support global maritime tag track and locate capabilities in support of national and homeland defense.

Contact Info

28 Surrey Lane
Durham, NC 27707-5170
UtopiaCompression, CorporationSOCOM13-003C-Care: An automated combat casualty diagnostic and monitoring system

Abstract

UtopiaCompression and team put forth a novel solution for medical diagnostics and continuous monitoring of combat casualties in the battlefield to improve survivability while reducing cost to the military. We propose advances in both physiological diagnostic intelligence and associated physiological sensors systems for a complete solution. The system will consist of the state of the art physiological sensors and medical hardware communicating wirelessly to an embedded platform hosting diagnostic intelligence, connected to a medic device for simultaneous monitoring of multiple casualties. The system will provide alerts in advance for the emergent need of intervention and when administered the system will track intervention impact to provide actionable feedback to the medic during pre-hospital and transport medical care. The diagnostics will also accommodate for differences among individuals and function without prior medical information. It will maintain data continuity for downstream caregivers as casualties are transported through echelons of care. The system will be built with an open, modular architecture to enable constant evolution by modification and addition of sensors and diagnostic intelligence. These will translate into cost-of-ownership savings for TCCC response, lower battlefield KIA rates from potentially survivable causes, higher unit readiness levels and lower lifetime medical costs for combat wounded.

Contact Info

11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064
DocBox Inc SOCOM13-003Remote Electronic Medical Devices using the Integrated Clinical Environment (REMDICE)

Abstract

Generation of a single platform with multiple functional units requires a"fresh"approach. Battlefield CONOPS requires the immediate availability of multiple sensors and active devices. The sensors include: ultrasound, capnography, blood pressure measurement using non-invasive techniques, pulse oximetry, non-invasive hemoglobin measurement, electrocardiography and video laryngoscopy. Each of these sensors provides the clinician with information that may lead to the utilization of an active device such as defibrillation who last resort employment must be assured in its reliability. The redundant and unnecessary inclusion of control electronics, read out screens, multiple power supplies, extra batteries and poor design flexibility leads to too much weight, a costly device and overall inadequate performance. The proposed study will show that the Integrated Clinical Environment (ICE) can be utilized to allow incorporation of best of breed sensors and devices in a package which can simultaneously display data of at least 3 patients"vital signs, incorporate remote monitoring, operate for 7+ hours with battery power while providing interoperability with Special Operations Forces (SOF) field computing devices. The integration of best of breed devices into a single platform will allow the necessary weight, power, functionality and performance specifications to be achieved using battlefield CONOPS.

Contact Info

86 Maple Street
Waltham, MA 02453
Vadum SOCOM13-004Integrated Wideband Tactical Power Amplifier

Abstract

Vadum proposes a feasibility study to define the next generation power amplifier for the Special Operations Forces (SOF) warfighter. This program will deliver extended bandwidth, more complex waveform capability, longer battery life, higher field reliability, and wide compatibility across radio types. The Phase I deliverable will be a comprehensive trade study and a proposed PA design which includes system architecture and verification simulations. Vadum will study and simulate several amplifier topologies to achieve efficiencies of greater than 70% over the entire 30-3000 MHz band. Vadum will evaluate several integration and packaging techniques, including optimal chip partitioning (frequency, power, etc.), and evaluate technologies to realize highly integrated multi-functional modules to improve overall performance and reliability and to reduce volume, mass, and cost. In order to achieve both high efficiency and linearity, Vadum will survey and evaluate candidate approaches, including re-configurable predistortion linearizers, to select the approach that meets all performance specifications with the highest reliability and lowest SWaP (Size, Weight, and Power).

Contact Info

601 Hutton St STE 109
Raleigh, NC 27606-6322
MaXentric Technologies LLC SOCOM13-004Next Generation Portable Power Amplifier

Abstract

In response to the SOCOM 13-004 Next Generation Portable Power Amplifier solicitation, MaXentric proposes the GreenAmp-lite system. The GreenAmp- & #8208;lite combines MaXentric"s envelope tracking technology with a power amplifier MMIC in a single small footprint package. This tight integration is made possible through the extremely high efficiency and low power dissipation provided by envelope tracking. Since very little power is dissipated as heat, the package and heat sink size can be minimized. Integration has benefits in terms of cost and reproducibility as well. The RF PA MMIC requires no calibration or tuning allowing GreenAmp- & #8208;lite modules to be directly plugged into systems out of the box. The system leads to a minimization of weight, heat and bulk. This allows for a system where the battery can be reduced in size and integrated into the handheld PA device. During Phase I the GreenAmp-lite system will be compared to alternate PA designs and compared in terms of weight, heat, bulk and feasibility. Conceivable systems, which meet or exceed the specifications outlined in the SOCOM 13-004 SBIR solicitation, will then be ranked in terms of complexity, performance and realizability.

Contact Info

2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Southwest Services LLCSOCOM13-005Family of Sub-Sonic Ammunition

Abstract

This program will consist of a three prong approach to provide an unbiased assessment and development of subsonic ammunition with the highest success rate balanced against technological advancement. Our feasibility study will include: 1) A brass case utilizing a polymer insert to optimize subsonic interior ballistics, 2) A lightweight low cost aluminum cartridge case utilizing a polymer insert, and 3) A polymer cartridge case with an optimized internal volume. To address the gas energy required to operate gas powered weapons, SWS has an optional secondary propellant charge concept to supplement the gas energy from the primary granular propellant. SWS will conduct an extensive interior ballistic evaluation looking at thousands of propellant blends to identify the best configuration to achieve optimal subsonic performance.

Contact Info

P.O. Box 183
La Mirada, CA 90637-0183
PCP Tactical, LLCSOCOM13-005Family of Sub-Sonic Ammunition

Abstract

PCP Ammunition Company will deliver a family of Lightweight Advanced Polymer Sub-Sonic Ammunition. We will do this by adapting our current family of calibers by decreasing the internal volume and shape of the case to match the optimal performance requirements of the cartridges. This will result in a sub-sonic ammunition that is lightweight, clean burning (due to the internal volume and dimensions), and has better accuracy and standard deviations than currently available subsonic ammunition. We will eliminate the problems experienced with traditional sub-sonic ammunition by uneven distribution of powder and/or fillers by utilizing our reduced volume cases. The final result will be a more reliable and accurate round for covert operations. This will benefit not only the military, but law enforcement, Department of Homeland Security, and other special tactics teams. These rounds can be manufactured using our patent pending assembly and loading systems currently used. This product can be easily commercialized using our current contacts with dealers and distributors worldwide.

Contact Info

3895 39th Sq.
Vero Beach, FL 32960
Stillwood Ammunition Systems LLC. SOCOM13-005Family of Sub-Sonic Ammunition

Abstract

Technical abstract 13.1-005 Today there is no sub-sonic ammunition currently type classified for use in the calibers provided by any DoD Service. Although sub-sonic rounds exist for some calibers, these rounds are not cost effective and exhibit excessive deviations in velocity (affecting accuracy), incomplete chamber sealing, absence of clean propellant burn, and inability to cycle the action on gas operated weapons. For 5.56mm, 7.62mm, and 0.338 calibers, we propose to investigate the feasibility of producing cost effective, functional and accurate sub-sonic rounds. This study will expand on a similarly focused feasibility study our company conducted during the year prior to the release of SOCOM13-005. We will reconsider the technical approaches that were rejected and critically review our proprietary technologies (Patents Pending) related to incorporating into the manufacturing process the rapid production of interior case volumes, optimal for sub-sonic calibers and projectiles. This feasibility effort will include evaluation of viability of polymer casings, case volume to projectile weight balancing, projectile shape, brass case interior sleeves, and propellant bonding. By recommending commercially feasible methods to manufacture reliable sub-sonic rounds, this study addresses a need to improve the survivability of Special Operations Forces and other Governmental Agencies in the Global War on Terror.

Contact Info

3308 Lee AVE
Sanford, NC 27332
PCP Tactical, LLCSOCOM13-006.50 Caliber Light Weight Precision Ammunition

Abstract

PCP Ammunition Company will research the design and development of Lightweight .50 caliber precision ammunition under this SBIR Phase I contract. PCP will concentrate our efforts on several separate criteria in order to improve upon the current .50 caliber round by utilizing PCP"s current lightweight polymer .50 caliber case. First, we will compare the performance of the current round against our polymer case with the same currently fielded projectile. We will do load development with the current projectiles as well as newer developmental projectiles to evaluate the potential of these projectiles to meet the requirements. We will investigate changes to our patent pending case designs such as interior shoulder angles that can potentially increase efficiency while maintaining the same exterior dimensions. We will also investigate several combinations of polymers to achieve optimal obtuation while maintaining structural integrity. With other calibers, we have found that these combinations greatly enhance accuracy . Finally, we will investigate the addition of a flashtube to our cases to enhance powder ignition resulting in better standard deviations. We believe that due to our manufacturing and assembly process, the addition of a flashtube will be a simple change if the performance warrants it.

Contact Info

3895 39th Sq.
Vero Beach, FL 32960
Physical Optics Corporation SOCOM13-007High-Performance Arbitrated Logic Processing Topology

Abstract

To address the SOCOM need for field-operable computing"bricks", Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop High-performance Arbitrated LOgic processing Topology (HARLOT) device. HARLOT is a computing brick housed in a man-portable, ruggedized package designed for field use and offers>16 Terabyte non-volatile memory and>1 TeraFLOPS computational capability while consuming<12 watts of power (>24 hours operation on a single charge with standard military battery packs). This performance results from innovative future-proofed design based on a scalable modular core architecture, COTS components, state-of-the-art graphics processing units (GPUs), and unique software architecture. Its communication-optimized, thread distribution architecture reduces communication overhead by 33% resulting in faster program execution. Its aggressive dynamic power management scheme reduces power consumption by up to 93% over traditional methods. By design, HARLOT allows external laptop-based system control and access to storage via standard and well-supported interfaces (Ethernet or USB). Closed-loop liquid-based cooling keeps the system cool. In Phase I, POC will develop a system CONOPS and requirements document, perform trade studies, and develop preliminary system, hardware and software architectures and designs. The result will be a design document for SOCOM evaluation. In Phase II, we will fabricate a prototype system based on the Phase I design.

Contact Info

1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
CROSSFIELD TECHNOLOGY LLCSOCOM13-007Secure Mobile Platform

Abstract

Crossfield Technology LLC proposes the design and development of an Accelerated Processing Unit (APU) System on Chip (SoC) consisting of a hybrid CPU/GPU digital signal processor. The APU incorporates high-speed interfaces to external sensors and a NAND Flash Controller. The NAND Flash Controller implements XTS-AES-256 encryption commonly used for whole disk encryption, and can securely erase the complete non-volatile memory system in a few seconds by issuing a stream of parallel block erase commands. The chip set will achieve the 1 TFLOPS performance and 16 TB non-volatile storage capacity required by Special Operations Forces in a low-power (12W) mobile device.

Contact Info

9390 Research Blvd Suite I200
Austin, TX 78759-7366
Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.SOCOM14-001TALOS Hybrid Electric Power Unit

Abstract

Cornerstone Research Group Inc.'s (CRG) demonstrated expertise in advanced optimization techniques and lightweight electric propulsion systems presents USSOCOM with the opportunity to obtain an embedded rechargeable power generation and management system capable of long endurance missions that is small, lightweight, and has low acoustic and thermal signatures. The proposing team's track record of innovation positions CRG for successful implementation of the TALOS hybrid electric power unit meeting USSOCOM"s operational needs. During the Phase I effort, CRG envisions the use of advanced optimization and design tools to define the elements of the TALOS hybrid electric power unit that have the best balance of size, weight, power generation, and low-signature performance meeting USSOCOM"s requirements.

Contact Info

2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440-3638
Physical Optics Corp.SOCOM14-001Optical Wave Guide Integrated Weather Sensor

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Physical Optics Corporation (POC) seeks to meet the need of an Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) deficiency by fielding a capable remote expendable reporting environmental sensor that will greatly enhance the AFSOC Special Operation Weather Team"s (SOWTs) ability to provide timely, accurate and critical deep battlespace weather reconnaissance and intelligence. SOCOM SBIR 10-006 provided $1.8M in funding to POC (Torrance, CA) and, as a result, enabled the development of a Technology Readiness Level (TRL) -6 weather sensor prototype, the Micro Weather Sensor (MWS), which meets or exceeds AFSOC remote sensor requirements. As required by the Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA), software was also developed and implemented to ingest, compile, and disseminate MWS data. Currently, the MWS provides a Meteorological Aviation Report (METAR) at 20, 60, or 180 minute intervals (user defined) and 360░daytime color imagery (on demand) that is fully integrated into the AFW-WEBS weather monitoring system. Future MWS enhancements (beyond the initial STTP) include an integrated ceilometer onto the main platform, air-emplacement capability, winds aloft"above the sensor"measurement, chemical/toxic industrial contaminants and radiological detection/reporting, and acoustic signature detection capabilities. BENEFIT: The intended customers are Combatant Commanders (air & ground)/mission planners/mission tracking and post mission analysts, Air Force Weather Agency, [Navy] Fleet Numerical Meteorological Oceanographic Center (FNMOC), DoD service components, Marine Special Operations Command (MARSOC), U.S. Army Special Operations Command (USASOC), Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC), and coalition partners (as required). This effort will satisfy a combined U.S. Central Command (USCENTCOM) and Special Operations Command Central (SOCCENT) Joint Urgent Operational Need Statement (JUONS) CC-0272, AFSOC Deficiency 0355,"Automatically Collect & Transmit Weather Observations in Deep Battle Space,"DEF0205,"Combine Weather Data into Battlespace Awareness Depictions for Mission Planning, Rehearsal, and Operational C2 Systems,"and an AFWA requirement for a remote weather observation sensor as outlined in Observing System 21 (ORD OS-21 I/II/III). Additionally, it will help resolve HQ AFSOC Prioritized Gap List (FY15-34) PGL5 Situational Awareness and PGL36 Planning Integration, and Joint Special Operations Command, Special Operations Meteorological and Oceanographic Collection and Integration System (SOMCIS) Capability Development Document (CDD) (JSOC, 21 Mar 07). The Micro Weather Sensor (MWS) is new technology that fills a longstanding remote sensing surface weather data collection gap. A primary objective of a remote sensor is to collect weather information over large spatial, denied, and inaccessible areas and integrate the data with other information to aid decision-making. Getting more data points on the atmosphere, more frequently and from more locations is the key to improving forecasts and warnings for mission planning and execution events. Therefore, remote sensors are invaluable to increasing the accuracy and timeliness of military support forecasts and warningsthe overriding goal of this effort. A basic necessity, therefore, is that critical aviation weather parameters are measured when and where they are needed most: flight ingress/egress routes and data sparse regions where military aviation assets are operating. SOWT elements currently have two (2) systems in their inventory for tactical/field use, the Advanced Distributive Sensor Systems (ADSS) Weather POD and the Vaisala TMQ-53. Both of these systems are bulky, heavy, and relatively expensive and neither fully satisfies SOWT remote sensing requirements (size, weight, low-detection profile). The TMQ-53 is the AF standard tactical meteorological system weighing approximately 100 lbs (when packaged for transport) and costs approximately $250K per system. The ADSS Weather POD consists of four separate equipment items with a combined weight of nearly 40 lbs and a cost of approximately $100K per system. Additionally, the ADSS Weather POD program has been terminated, so replacing/maintaining current systems is no longer a viable option. The MWS in its current Phase II configuration, by comparison, consists of 2 equipment items (basic sensor and a plug/play ceilometer) with a combined weight of<3 pounds and costs approximately $27K to $54K per system (anticipated post Phase III NRE production cost at quantity 500 and 50 respectively) which provides per system cost savings of more than $200K, as compared to the TMQ-53. The MWS is self-powered through an on-board battery pack and solar panels, providing up to 90 days of continuous operation, whereas the TMQ-53 and ADSS systems require hardwired power for operation. The MWS also eliminates the burdensome systems administration costs of the TMQ-53 by using Iridium connectivity. Via the Iridium Constellation satellite system, the MWS can detect and report fourteen weather elements up to 3 times each hour, and also features new capabilities over existing/fielded systems, such as panoramic image capture, snow and dust accumulation detection, and single switch operation. The STTP enhances/accelerates the MWS in several ways: strengthens the basic MWS sensor casing, lengthening the field life and increasing reliability; fixes identified sensing/reporting issues; institutes upgrades to improve performance in all environmental conditions, including extreme cold weather conditions; provides systems for follow on testing and evaluation; develops the capability to replace batteries and extend service life, thus providing cost savings; and automates the manufacturing process to decrease production costs by up to 300%.

Contact Info

1845 West 205th St.
Torrance, CA 90501
Solid Power, LLCSOCOM14-001Solid-State Battery for the Tactical Assault Light Operator Suit

Abstract

The Tactical Assault Light Operator Suit (TALOS) program is tasked with integrating several systems that require electric power. While systems such as internal combustion engines could conceivably meet the 4-5kW projected power requirement in a manageable package, this would result in undesirable heat and noise signatures and make indoor operation impractical. The ideal solution would be a battery pack with extremely high energy density that is able to provide power for several hours while also meeting U.S. military standards for wide operational temperature range, shock and vibration, etc. Unfortunately, state-of-the-art lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries fall far short from being able to provide the requisite energy in a small volume and mass. Other technologies such as lithium-air (Li-air) and lithium-sulfur (Li-S) show promise, but remain at the basic research level and may be a decade or more from reaching their potential. This leaves a need for a new high-energy battery technology that can provide the runtime to make TALOS missions practical. To address this need, Solid Power, LLC. (Solid Power) proposes to utilize a solid-state battery design to far exceed the energy densities achieved by state-of-the-art (SOTA) Li-ion batteries in a format that also provides for intrinsic safety and abuse tolerance.

Contact Info

686 S. Taylor Ave., Suite 108
Louisville, CO 80027-3000
Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.SOCOM14-002Affordable Spinel Transparent Armor

Abstract

Transparent armor is very important to the survivability and situational awareness for the crews of modern land, marine or aviation vehicles. Additionally to the common armor requirements (low areal density and high ballistic performance) transparent armor should provide high infrared and visual transmittance. Ceramic ballistic windows meet these requirements, but they often suffer from unaffordably high cost. Magnesium - aluminum spinel ensures a very high transmittance while being cheaper and available in larger sizes than other transparent ceramics. In order to further decrease areal density and substantially reduce price, it is proposed to develop a silicon oxide spinel composite with high transmittance and ballistic performance. The production expenses will be significantly reduced by using cheap oxide precursors instead of expensive spinel powders, by elimination of the highly expensive steps of hot pressing and isostatic hot pressing (they will be replaced with a much cheaper casting procedure); and by avoiding the most expensive step of optical polishing

Contact Info

7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85756-9237
Surmet CorporationSOCOM14-002Advanced Transparent Armor Materials and Manufacturing Methods

Abstract

"Current glass-based transparent armor has two major deficiencies: 1) It is very heavy, and therefore can compromise performance and helicopter transportability of vehicles; and 2) It is very thick, and therefore can compromise visual signature of vehicles. Advanced technology ceramic transparent armor removes both these deficiencies and provides a twofold improvement in performance, but costs 6-10 times more than glass-based armor, making it unaffordable for fielding in significant numbers. Through this SBIR, Surmet will demonstrate innovative technology to produce lightweight yet affordable transparent armor for ground vehicles. The Phase I program will include analyses and key experiments to prove feasibility of this technology. Phase II work will implement the technology to manufacture prototype components, and take the technology to a"commercialization ready"stage. Surmet is already supplying advanced technology transparent armor for military helicopters, and is targeting cost reductions to make this technology viable for ground vehicle systems."

Contact Info

31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc.SOCOM14-002Advanced Lightweight Transparent Armor Solutions for GMV"s

Abstract

The expanding use of traditional transparent armor (TA) windows in smaller and lighter vehicles to enhance warfighter safety highlights the necessity to find lighter weight solutions to minimize vehicle performance degradation. While ultra lightweight TA solutions are available using a transparent polycrystalline material such as Spinel, the cost benefit is not easily realized on many smaller platforms. A new transparent armor solution capable of decreasing the solution weight by 25% while maintaining the ballistic performance can be achieved using one of two methods. The first method employs the use of advanced polymeric backing material to replace pieces of soda lime glass. The second method uses an advanced transparent glass ceramic strikeface material to decrease the amount of soda lime glass in the final solution. Both methods are capable of achieving the performance requirements no more than 2x the cost of current TA. TA & T will fabricate and test two separate TA solutions to determine the best material. Selection criteria will be based on a cost/performance comparison of the tested systems.

Contact Info

133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Transparent Armor SolutionsSOCOM14-002Advanced Transparent Armor Materials and Manufacturing Methods

Abstract

This proposal offers the development of an advanced lightweight transparent armor that combines lightweight glass, Gemini spaced armor technology, advanced Quintium polymer and a proprietary thermoset interlayer (TAS1411) to reduce weight by more than 30% of the current state of the art. Ballistic testing will be completed at both elevated and low temperatures. Environmental testing will demonstrate that these materials also increase the armor"s environmental durability. In addition, the materials chosen do not drastically increase the cost of the transparent armor. Using current technologies, decreasing transparent armor weight by 30% would increase costs by a factor of 4 to 8. The proposed technology combination offers a 30% decrease in weight while increasing costs only by a factor of 2 to 2.5.

Contact Info

1900 South Susan St
Santa Ana, CA 92833
CFD Research CorporationSOCOM14-003Low Cost Opaque Armor Material and Manufacturing for Non Standard Commercial Vehicles

Abstract

A novel composite structure based low cost opaque armor material and associated manufacturing/installation method are proposed. This process offers immediate field upgrade potential to Non Standard Commercial Vehicles (NSCV) capable of advancing into denied areas while operating indistinguishably from indigenous platforms. Our innovative armor installation procedure has already been shown to increase ballistic efficiency, limit damage to adjacent vehicle areas and withstand multiple impacts with minimal performance degradation in a related armor protection application. The proposed unique composite structure has also demonstrated robust and absolute spall protection as a result of its inherent fragment capture capability within its hybrid matrix. Phase I will focus on: 1) Completing a feasibility study to establish our proposed technology offers immediate ultra low field upgrade cost with minimum vehicle weight increase while providing maximum protection against virtually all NSCV threats; 2) Defining manufacturing and field installation processes in terms of weight, space, cost, visual signature, threat performance and functionality; 3) Rigorous comparison of this solution against current standard armoring solutions; and 4) Documenting the pros and cons of this innovative armor in a NSCV. During Phase II large scale production cost, cycle time and integration burden will be fully quantified. This will be followed by independent demonstration that our proposed technology exceeds all desired customer performance requirements.

Contact Info

215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL
Corvid Technologies, Inc.SOCOM14-003Advanced Opaque Armor Materials and Manufacturing Methods

Abstract

Corvid Technologies is proposing an inconspicuous armor solution for SOCOM NSCVs that will offer less costly installation than the current steel shell. This effort will benefit from Corvid"s experience in rapid development of specialized low cost armor systems. Armor coverage of the vehicle will be complete, providing multi-hit STANAG 4569 Level II protection while also reducing weight. Integration of the conformal armor into the existing vehicle structure means little or no visual signature. Our approach uses existing materials in novel ways, incurring zero materials development risk. Installation costs for the proposed armor are less because of its inherit form, which require simpler fabrication techniques and requires no heavy equipment. We will use our expertise in physics based computer modeling to examine the parameter space mapped by the various material choices, geometries, and threats. This is the same approach we have used in the development of other specialty armor solutions. Phase I will result in specific set of component materials and arrangements to move forward with into Phase II. Phase I is to be a thorough design study, with no operational prototypes produced. Armor coupon samples will be fabricated and ballistic proof testing conducted.

Contact Info

145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC
TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.SOCOM14-003Inconspicuous Up-Armoring of Vehicles Using Segmented Ceramic and Metallic Elements

Abstract

Triton Systems Inc.(Triton), together with our partner Technical Products Inc. (TPI) will conduct a feasibility study to evaluate options for armoring non standard commercial vehicles (NSCV) in an unobtrusive fashion using austere mechanical facilities corresponding to expedient basing in the area of operations. Triton has wide experience in metallic, ceramic and composite armoring solutions and TPI has design and product sales experience in arming and armoring commercial vehicles such as SUVs and pickups. Both conventional metallic, ceramic and hybrid composite"pieced plate"solutions will be evaluated as well as unconventional scaled or tiled ceramic and metallic solutions having composite backing. Breadboard examples of austere facilities unobtrusive armoring (e.g. quarter panel or door sections) will be fabricated for at least four distinct armoring techniques, to illuminate the tradeoff of installation difficulty and weight versus armoring performance. The effect of unobtrusive armoring solutions on vehicle gross weight and automotive performance will be evaluated, and drivetrain and/or suspension upgrades identified where necessary. The breadboard unobtrusive armoring samples will be evaluated in live fire tests against the threat projectiles to validate performance estimates. Triton will recommend an optimal unobtrusive NSCV armoring solution for detailed evaluation and testing in a Phase II program.

Contact Info

200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA
Utility Development CorporationSOCOM14-003Advanced Opaque Armor Materials and Manufacturing Methods

Abstract

"The objective will be to develop and evaluate a low cost, light weight armor package that will have reduced visual signature while offering high protection against threats for Non Standard Commercial Vehicles (NSCV). UDC will conduct design studies to determine the maximum thickness, weight and geometry, visual signature of the armor package. The ballistic testing will be performed with 50 caliber bullet. The selected panels will be tested for environmental exposure, including salt water immersion and immersion in petroleum based liquids sand erosion and abrasion. Comparison of the proposed solutions against current standard armoring solutions will be conducted UDC will provide a comprehensive report with results and conclusions and a Phase II plan."The objective will be to develop and evaluate a low cost, light weight armor package that will have reduced visual signature while offering high protection against threats for Non Standard Commercial Vehicles (NSCV). UDC will conduct design studies to determine the maximum thickness, weight and geometry, visual signature of the armor package. The ballistic testing will be performed with 50 caliber bullet. The selected panels will be tested for environmental exposure, including salt water immersion and immersion in petroleum based liquids sand erosion and abrasion. Comparison of the proposed solutions against current standard armoring solutions will be conducted UDC will provide a comprehensive report with results and conclusions and a Phase II plan."

Contact Info

112 Naylon Avenue
Livingston, NJ 07039
Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.SOCOM14-004Highly Efficient, Compact Hydrogen Generator for use in Marine Diesel Engines

Abstract

The proposed study will investigate several technology concepts capable of producing hydrogen on site from water and supplying it to an operating marine diesel engine. Addition of a small amount of hydrogen to the intake air-fuel charge can enable the engine to operate with better performance, efficiency, and with fewer harmful greenhouse gas emissions. The concepts being considered will be thoroughly analyzed and included in a well documented feasibility study. The result of this study is the recommendation of the concept that best meets the requirements set forth by the United States Special Operations Command (SOCOM). Advanced Cooling Technologies (ACT) will carefully evaluate what is in the art of possible to meet the specifications set forth by SOCOM. Advanced computational engine modeling will be carried out by ACT"s partners and utilized for validation of the proposed concepts in the Phase I study. Special attention will be paid to the overall energy balance of each technology in order to maximize gains in engine efficiency while meeting or exceeding current engine performance. ACT expects to both identify and establish a development plan for the most promising technology by the end of the Phase I effort.

Contact Info

1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601-5688
Lynntech, Inc.SOCOM14-004Advanced Hydrogen Evolution Catalysis based PEM Electrolyzers for Improved Efficiency and Reduced Emissions of Combatant Craft Diesel Engines

Abstract

The Naval Special Warfare Group - 4 spends billions of dollars annually for energy, with a major portion of this attributed to fuel consumption on-board its combatant crafts such as the Special Operations Craft-Riverine (SOC-R). Prior research indicates the potential of utilizing H2 injection into the air intake of the SOC-R diesel engine to improve its efficiency and reduce emissions. In this project, Lynntech will conduct engine testing to reduce the volume of hydrogen needed to gain the fuel efficiency benefits in the engine. Additionally, pure oxygen will be added along with the hydrogen into the air intake to provide even further fuel efficiency benefits due to the improved stoichiometric combustion that can be expected in this scenario. Also, for the above combustion approach to be practically feasible, the H2 and O2 for injection into the engine will need to be generated on site from water. Lynntech has developed advanced proton exchange membrane based electrolyzer systems that utilize novel, high efficiency nano-architectured oxygen evolution reaction catalysts for producing H2 and O2 from water. These systems have minimal mass and volume footprint, and can provide the maximum engine fuel efficiency benefit with minimum power penalty to generate the H2 and O2.

Contact Info

2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Physical Optics CorporationSOCOM14-004Thermal Hydrogen Extraction on Board

Abstract

To address the SOCOM"s need for a system to generate hydrogen from water on site for use in combatant craft diesel engines, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Thermal Hydrogen Extractor on Board (THEB) system. It is based on a new POC-developed technology of hydrogen generation and COTS components to extract and supply this hydrogen. The innovation in system design will enable the THEB system to utilize the dissipated heat of the marine diesel engine. The THEB technology directly addresses the acquisitions program"Special Operations Craft Riverine"and a platform requirement because it does not create the additional load on the engine and does not require the redesign of the engine. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of THEB technology by experimental study on the generation of hydrogen from water on site and analysis of data for the introduction of hydrogen into the air stream of a diesel internal combustion. In Phase II, POC plans to develop and fabricate a THEB prototype, and test it by introducing varying amounts of hydrogen into the air stream at the time of induction with a diesel/gas internal combustion engine to be provided by Naval Special Warfare Group Four.

Contact Info

1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
GS Engineering, Inc.SOCOM14-005High Performance Marine Diesel Closed Coolant System for High Speed Combatant Craft

Abstract

USSOCOM has expressed a desire to prevent the clogging of the seawater intakes aboard the SOC-R craft by exploring a closed-loop cooling system that does not require the use of off-board raw water. The desired solution will not degrade the current SOC-R craft capabilities by creating drag or causing cavitation that would affect the performance of the Hamilton jets, thereby reducing speed, would not interfere with the turning or navigation of the craft, and would be sufficiently robust to survive beaching at low speeds without structural damage and high speeds without major damage or loss of watertight integrity. GS Engineering will quickly work with United States Marine Inc. as well as Yanmar representatives to understand and quantify the cooling requirements of the craft"s engine and powertrain. Once the craft"s cooling requirements are understood, GS Engineering will perform a brief market study of commercially available closed-loop marine cooling products before developing a unique skin cooler specifically for the SOC-R which leverages extrusion and advanced welding manufacturing technology. The final solution will be packaged into the craft in such a manner that cooling requirements and performance objectives are maintained.

Contact Info

47500 US Hwy 41
Houghton, MI 49931-9061
Paragon Space Development CorporationSOCOM14-005Conformal Onboard Light-weight Durable Passive Low-cost Aquatic Thermal Emission System (COLDPLATES)

Abstract

Paragon Space Development Corporation will provide SOCOM with a low-cost, conformal, closed-loop cooling system that is highly resistant to damage and provides superior cooling performance to existing raw water cooling alternatives. This proposed innovation is simple to manufacture, retrofit, and in its final form, is anticipated to entail little to no mass increase over the current system. The conformal elements are designed such that cooling system damage can only occur in the context of a breech in the existing hull. With additional integration with the boat and engine manufacturers it may even provide a mass decrease to the system as a whole. The Paragon proposed innovation can be readily integrated within new boat procurements and added to existing boats as a low-cost retrofit. In Phase I we will model the environment, boat, and engine interactions with various cooling systems to evaluate cooling system thermal, structural, and manufacturing design options and to validate the Paragon approach. Working with the boat and engine vendors we will identify the best flow arrangement for interaction with the existing engine cooling systems and boat structure. The preferred concept will be developed to a preliminary level for rapid prototyping and field testing in Phase II.

Contact Info

3481 E. Michigan Street
Tucson, AZ 85714-2221
TIAX LLCSOCOM14-005Low Profile Closed Coolant System for High Speed Combatant Craft

Abstract

High speed combatant craft utilized by SOCOM, such as the Riverine (SOC-R), use pumped raw water to provide engine cooling for the twin marine diesel engines. While raw water provides an essentially limitless heat sink, it often contains debris which can clog engine strainers, causing the engines to overheat. Thus, engine performance, as well as maintenance, is negatively affected by the use of the raw water cooling system. TIAX LLC proposes a reliable closed-loop coolant system to cool the engines without directly contacting raw seawater. The primary heat exchanger for the system is highly efficient whilst being structurally and thermally robust, light-weight and non-complex. The heat exchanger and proposed cooling system do not degrade the current capabilities of the SOC-R, and, as it is fully contained within the hull of the craft, it will not increase drag losses nor be susceptible to damage during beaching or grounding operations.

Contact Info

35 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421-3102
Trident Systems Inc.SOCOM15-001Maritime Surface Search Phased Array for Combatant-Craft

Abstract

Naval Special Warfare (NSW) needs a new Surface Search Phased Array (SSPA) radar which can detect locate and track maritime objects of interest on the water and in the air while also being low observable (LO), low probability of detection (LPD) and low probability of intercept (LPI) as a replacement for the commercial maritime radars currently employed on the RIB and the MK-5 and for employment on the new Combatant-Craft Medium (CCM) and the Combatant-Craft Assault. Continuing advancements in the miniaturization and manufacturing of phased array antenna components and the emergence of affordable compact high performance digital RF transceivers developed for small UAV radars and software defined radios are key elements in the realization of an affordable compact high-performance SSPA maritime radar. Trident Systems has a demonstrated track record in the design and development of advanced programmable digital RF transceiver systems for demanding airborne and space environments. We will apply the lessons learned in over a decade of miniature digital radar development to complete a comprehensive and detailed feasibility study addressing the design and implementation of an SSPA radar tailored to NSW unique maritime operations in Phase I of this project, followed by prototype development and testing in Phase II.

Contact Info

10201 Fairfax Boulevard Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030-2222
FIRST RF CORPORATIONSOCOM15-001Maritime Surface Search Phased Array for Combatant-Craft

Abstract

In this Phase I effort, FIRST RF will develop and evaluate concepts for advanced Surface Search Phased Array radar systems that will be integrated on Naval Special Warfare Combatant-Craft. A phased array system allows for dynamic beam steering with graceful degradation and eliminates the need for mechanical pointing of the antenna aperture. The FIRST RF SSPA radar system will detect, locate, track, and display the speed and bearing of maritime objects of interest. In addition to providing a robust mechanical solution for exceptional reliability, the proposed SSPA radar system will bring cutting edge phased array capabilities to combatant-craft missions. FIRST RF proposes an innovative approach that leverages state-of-the-art phased array architecture to provide a highly functional SSPA radar system. Commercial applications of this technology have also been identified.

Contact Info

5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Luminit, LLCSOCOM15-002Motion Independent Human Machine Interface (MIHMI)

Abstract

To fulfill the Socom requirement for a an intuitive, configurable, easy-to-use Human Machine Interface (HMI) for use by Naval Special Warfare (NSW) surface combatant craft tactical computer operators, Luminit, LLC, proposes to develop a new Motion Independent Human Machine Interface (MIHMI), using a HUD based on our substrate guided-wave hologram (SGWH). The MIHMI is virtual reality system, with the capability of correcting for subject and room motion. Successful development of the MIHMI will draw interest from a diverse body of users, including military personnel and gamers. In Phase I, Luminit will prove the MIHMI concept by fabricating and testing a subscale prototype. We anticipate that by the end of Phase II the MIHMI will be further developed to meet requirements for field tests, resulting in an engineering prototype that can be commercialized into a new, high-resolution gaming system.

Contact Info

1850 W 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501-1526
Physical Optics CorporationSOCOM15-002Integrated Head and Eye Tracker

Abstract

To address the SOCOM need for developing intuitive, configurable easy-to-use Human Machine Interfaces (HMI) for use by Naval Special Warfare surface combatant craft tactical computer operators, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Integrated Head and Eye Tracker (IHET) system. This proposed IHET solution is based on innovative integration of video-based tracking of the head position and eye gaze along with accelerometer signal to provide stabilized control of the computer cursor. Novel filtering and sensor fusion software will help mitigate disturbances due to severe platform movements and provide intuitive, convenient computer control interface. In Phase I, leveraging our prior development experience, POC will conduct comprehensive feasibility study of the available technologies, and define the architecture and major components of the IHET system. Phase I effort will culminate in a proof-of-concept demonstration of the IHET system, allowing evaluation of its main aspects. In Phase II, POC will optimize the proposed system, focusing on the development of a fully functional breadboard prototype of the IHET system. POC will document the Application Programming Interface (API) of the proposed system and provide guidelines for accessing the feasibility and usability of the IHET software package.

Contact Info

Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th St
Torrance, CA 90501-1510
Trex Enterprises CorporationSOCOM15-002Mobile Tactical Computer Human Machine Interface (HMI) Enhancements

Abstract

On high-speed planing boats, off-road vehicles, helicopters, and other moving DoD platforms, unpredictable platform motion limits the operators ability to interact with a conventional monitor/keyboard/mouse interface. In the case of open-cockpit high-speed boats, such as Naval Special Warfare (NSW) surface combatant crafts, the cockpit is subject to wind, rain and saltwater spray, and operators may be wearing helmets and gloves. To interact with increasingly sophisticated on-craft computers and application specific software, new HMI solutions are required to enhance the ability of the Warfighter to operate in the presence of significant turbulent accelerations. Trex Enterprises proposes to conduct a comprehensive study to identify the salient features of an ideal HMI solution for a turbulent motion environment and identify the most appropriate and feasible technologies. By leveraging past experience in novel display technology and handwriting recognition software developed by Trexs consultant, Stan Miasnikov, Trex will investigate, modify, and optimize the best HMI solution that meets the USSOCOM requirements and provides an in situ solution for the operator to improve HMI capabilities and augment current tactical engagements including craft-specific applications in challenging dynamic environments.

Contact Info

10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121-4339
Perceptive Innovations, Inc.SOCOM15-003Novel Approaches to Fully Digital Optical Solutions

Abstract

"In this Phase I effort, the PI2 team will perform a set of technology and algorithmic trade studies with the goal of finding innovative new system concepts for a head-mounted display system for TALOS using all digital processing, and with extremely low latency (objective: 1.2ms, threshold: 5ms) from light into the sensor to light out of the display. We approach this with trade studies to survey the art of the possible to meet the system threshold and objective goals as stated, and expect to develop multiple implementation options as we perform the trade study. At a minimum, two solutions will be architecteda high risk approach, which targets the objective goals, and a low risk approach, which is free to relax metrics to the threshold goals. We will also explore value-added information and techniques that can be derived from the all-digital imaging system and presented to the operator. It is of the utmost importance that the trade study be performed in the context of the TALOS system and objectives, including interfaces to other sensors and components. Finally, after selection of appropriate imager, microdisplay, SoC, and FPGA technologies, along with image processing algorithms and techniques, we will develop requirements and a recommended architecture for prototyping in Phase II. The Phase I effort will conclude with a Final Review and Final Report."

Contact Info

42486 MERIDIAN HILL DR
ASHBURN, VA 20148-5660
Silicon Micro Display, Inc.SOCOM15-003Ultra Low Latency Burst-Mode Digital Imaging System

Abstract

A burst-mode optical sensor to display architecture that allows for dynamic control over the system latency is proposed. The overall system latency of current digital imaging systems are determined and limited by the utilized video interconnection standards and the frame rates of optical sensor, image processor, and displays. In order to reduce the global system latency, an overhaul of image extraction, image processing, and display drive system needs to be considered. Here we propose to investigate what would be required to implement innovative imaging system architecture options that would match the sensor data extraction method with display drive method so that the two components can constitute a directly pipelined imaging sensor-display system with variable control over the latency as required by the amount of image processing needed. The proposed architecture promises sub-millisecond global latency at high-definition resolution when no image processing is needed to a few milliseconds even when full frame image processing is needed. Phase I effort will identify and verify the commercial imaging sensor, image processing architecture, and display components that are conducive to the implementation of the proposed architectural options for the construction of demonstration prototype in Phase II.

Contact Info

2 Commercial Blvd., STE 201
Novato, CA 94949
Toyon Research Corp.SOCOM15-003Novel Approaches to Fully Digital Optical Solutions

Abstract

Digital optical solutions currently have inherent latency due to the processing chain from optical capture with a lens to a display. While system latency in excess of 5 milliseconds is acceptable in most applications where an operator is seated, this threshold is too high for the TALOS application. Being able to move dynamically while processing a digital image of the environment will require a system latency of 1.2 milliseconds (Objective) current analog nodes provide, less than 5 milliseconds (Threshold). In addition to meeting system latency, there is an additional objective to image from daylight/interior lights to an interior room with lights out and doors closed (dynamic range and sensitivity). At a minimum, high definition imagery is needed over a binocular field of view. The end state digital optical solution involving optics, sensors, electronics, and display should be compatible with augmented reality implementations and data feeds.

Contact Info

6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117-3021
Precess ConsultingSOCOM15-004Maximized Optical Resolution Gimbal for Long-range Airborne Surveillance System (MOREGLASS)

Abstract

Recent and emerging sensor technologies enable longer range motion imagery performance in smaller packages. Performance is ultimately limited by physics. Sufficient optical clear aperture is required to avoid image quality degradation from the diffraction limit. The goal of this program is to maximize the clear aperture for three primary long range sensors to ensure that their real image resolution is better than or equal to that of the MX-20 while fitting inside the envelope of an MX-15. A shared aperture lens with diameter of at least 8 will collect the photons for the MWIR, SWIR, and EO Spotter cameras. This lens will be refractive instead of a reflective cassegrain for two reasons: 1) image quality and 2) stabilization. This sensor grouping, and all of the other required sensors and components will be packaged into a gimbal with the envelope of the MX-15. This packaging will contain the inner gimbal stability design concepts developed to ensure that the LOS jitter is in the 1-2 microradian range.

Contact Info

15251 Chalk Hill Rd
Healdsburg, CA 95448
IJK Controls LLCSOCOM15-004Improved Tactical Airborne Gimbal System

Abstract

The proposed Improved Tactical Airborne Gimbal System (ITAGS) provides airborne imaging capability from a lightweight 15" ball gimbal. The imaging performance achieved was previously only available with larger gimbals. IJK Controls innovative gimbal mechanism and accompanying stabilization controller are tightly integrated with best-in-class optics and detectors.

Contact Info

10440 N. Central Expressway Suite 800
Dallas, TX 75231-2321
Phelps2020, Inc.SOCOM15-004A Range and Resolution Improvement System- ARRIS

Abstract

Phelps2020 proposes a low SWaP solution, ARRIS, to the improvement of the range and resolution of the MX-15 turret so they equal or exceed the capabilities of the MX-20 turret. We chose to keep the MX-15 turret untouched and append to it a low SWaP accelerated processor that performs real-time FMV enhancement. A multi-layer software application addresses illumination, weather, and environmental limitations to allow clearer imagery. It then improves noisy and blurred data, followed by increase in resolution, therefore expanding the viewing range without altering the sensors or optics of the turret. Novel enhancement, deblurring, and superresolution methods are applied. The overall multi-layer algorithm is made fully unattended via the use of cleverly designed quality metrics. An overall quality metric, that correlates with the NIIRS scale, is used to match the capabilities of the MX-15 to the MX-20 turret. The resulting software is embedded in a low SWaP hardware board, that is based on SoC of FPGAs, GPUs, and/or CPUs, allowing for real-time unattended on-board range and resolution enhancement, and interpretability improvement as measured by the NIIRS.

Contact Info

8701 Raindrop Road
Knoxville, TN 37923-6760
Toyon Research Corp.SOCOM15-004Reduced Size, Weight, and Power, Enhanced Range Electro-Optical and Infrared Sensor Suites

Abstract

The size, weight, and power (SWaP) of mission systems on fixed-wing Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) platforms directly impacts the range and endurance of those platforms. Likewise, miniaturized components in a given system enable increased mission flexibility through more capabilities for a given SWaP. One solution to increase range and enhance resolution on ISR platforms is to miniaturize, repackage and rearrange internal components of current 20 inch turrets in a 15 inch form factor turret. Another approach is to replace 15 inch sensor components (arrays, sensor materials, integrated electronics, etc.) with emerging technologies that have enhanced properties or remove the need for other components. A third approach may include adding components, or processing capability, that increases resolution/interpretability. Proposers should consider these possible solutions and all other solutions to determine what is in the art of the possible. (The current 15 inch and 20 inch sensor capabilities are described in the two links referenced below). Range and resolution enhancements are not limited to optics alone. They can also be achieved through innovative technology development in other areas. Examples include: electronics, mechanical gimbals, innovative hardware layouts, and real-time post-processing for image enhancement and compression/transmission.

Contact Info

6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117-3021
Lynntech, Inc.SOCOM15-005Collapsible Stabilization Devices as Broad-Spectrum Force Multipliers

Abstract

The modern operator is expected to perform an increasingly diverse set of tasks; the associated growth in basic and mission-specific loads places a burden on personnel, reducing agility and compromising combat effectiveness. SOCOM seeks a lightweight, compact stabilization solution for weapons, optics, and laser target designators. An ideal stabilization solution would permit special operators to shape the battlefield more effectively and with less risk, by maintaining maximum standoff engagement without compromising on mobility. Current materials and commercial off-the-shelf solutions either exceed the weight or bulk requirements (or both), or fail to deliver the requisite device support and stability. In order to achieve the desired objectives set for this Phase I effort, Lynntech has identified that a successful stabilization device development effort would need to efficiently fuse engineering optimization efforts with new materials development approaches. Lynntechs lead design candidate is a system which incorporates both infinitely adjustable & fully collapsible legs, as well as a fully articulated head. Leveraging the latest innovations in aerospace composite materials, the concept, rooted in proven technologies, will provide a stabilization system which represents a significant departure from the majority of market-available options, and provides key usability and technical improvements on similar designs.

Contact Info

2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845-6023
Physical Sciences Inc.SOCOM15-005Modularpod

Abstract

"USSOCOM has need for a lightweight, concealable, one-to-three legged support for modern targeting devices. Existing solutions are heavy, bulky, expensive, and take too long both to deploy and to stow when operations are complete. The Physical Sciences team of structural engineers and retired USSOCOM operators will determine the feasibility of using low-cost, commercially available materials to form rapidly deployable tactical structures. The development will include an assessment of the state of the art from a range of fields from ground military to spacecraft. These potential solutions will be compared with a common set of operational constraints to enable an honest comparison followed by a down-selection of the most promising candidates. During the proposed Phase I program, PSI will provide detailed models of potential solutions and then use experimental characterization to verify these models and predict actual system performance of different options. The verification of performance through prototype testing will provide USSOCOM with an accurate prediction of the behavior of an operational system as well as its cost in production volumes. This work would set the stage for a Phase II development of prototypes for field evaluation as well as application to other challenges."

Contact Info

20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810-1077
Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.SOCOM15-005Small Lightweight Concealable Stabilization Device

Abstract

U.S. SOCOM requires small, lightweight, concealable stabilization devices for target designators, cameras, and other imagers. A fieldable solution must be rugged, fold into a very small form factor, and weigh less than one pound. Joint Tactical Air Controller (JTAC) missions have experienced reduced targeting capabilities as current tripods are often omitted from mission equipment due to excessive weight and stowage volume. TRI/Austin proposes a solution utilizing a novel composite manufacturing process to build carbon fiber reinforced tubular grid structures as primary structural members of the design. This approach will allow the stabilizer to meet the challenging weight requirement with adequate strength to support 2-15 lbs. The TRI/Austin stabilizer design will have legs which fold and/or telescope into extended positions. Standardized primary member lengths will provide for 6, 12, 18, and 24 for prone, sitting, and kneeling observational heights. To increase versatility, segments will be linearly joinable to assemble a 6 monopole for operation while standing. Feasibility will be proven via finite element analysis and destructive testing of components.

Contact Info

9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733-6201
Physical Optics CorporationSOCOM15-006Night/Day-Enabled Miniature Emplaced Sensor and Infrared Surveillance System

Abstract

To address the USSOCOM need for Team Day/Night Motion Sensors, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Night/Day-Enabled Miniature Emplaced Sensor and Infrared Surveillance (NEMESIS) system, based on the novel use of multi-aperture, compound-eye motion detectors to cue the capture of thermal surveillance imagery. Specifically, the innovation in the compound-eye optical design allows NEMESIS to simultaneously cover a wide-field of regard (up to 60 deg) while providing high resolution imagery to identify personnel activity, clothing, and weapons at 45-75 m range. The high resolution imagery is wirelessly transmitted to the handheld control/display unit for camera activation and viewing via a software application (app) to maximize compatibility with existing mobile devices, radios, and emerging handheld device standards. As a result, NEMESIS provides a lightweight, low cost day/night camera with motion sensor to identify personnel with a modular display/control interface. In Phase I, POC will conduct and document a feasibility study of the NEMESIS system to satisfy USSOCOM requirements. POC will assess trade-offs, risks, and potential payoffs of the proposed technology and recommend the best option to achieve the USSOCOM objectives. In Phase II, POC will develop and demonstrate a prototype motion-detection sensor prototype based on the most feasible solution.

Contact Info

Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th St
Torrance, CA 90501-1510
McQ Inc.SOCOM15-006Miniature Target Recognition and Display System (MTRDS)

Abstract

The purpose of this SBIR is to develop a hand emplaced ruggedized device that provides motion detection sensing, day/night imaging, and image processing; to detect and identify personnel in the vicinity of the system. This device must be as low SWAP-C (size weight power and cost) as possible, connect to a hand held display 100m-200m away via a wired or wireless link, detect personnel with a 45-60 degree field of view at a range of 45m-75m. After detecting a target with motion sensing, video from a camera must be processed onboard to determine if the target is a person and if the person is exhibiting hostile intent. For this miniature target recognition an display system (MTRDS) project, McQ will leverage its extensive experience developing low SWAP-C and rugged unattended ground sensor systems specifically its experience developing carefully designed motion sensing and imaging systems and its extensive imaging processing experience to meet all of the objectives of this SBIR. In Phase I, personnel target data collection, image processing algorithm development, system modeling, and component selections will be performed.

Contact Info

Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th St
1551 Forbes St.
American Creative Machine Enterprise.llcSOCOM15-006Team Short Range Day/Night Motion Sensors and Display System

Abstract

ACME and subcontractor OPTICS 1 offer an approach to the Team Short Range Day/Night Motion Sensors and Display System topic called NoMADS. NoMADS, the Networked Motion And Display System, is a networked array of sensor nodes that can be deployed to provide information on the location and movements of enemy personnel outside of the Operators line of sight. At its core NoMADS consists of a sensor which is wirelessly controlled by and transmits motion alerts and imagery to a handheld display within 100m range, but the NoMADS technical approach emphasizes flexibility. Motion sensors and microphones alert Operators of local movement and trigger the sensors camera to provide imagery to the Operator via the handheld unit. Our sensor unit design can incorporate either high performance cameras or a variety of lower performance options with low enough cost to make the latter sensor configuration disposable. NoMADS operates effectively as a single sensor/display pair, with multiple sensor units networked to a single local display unit, or with multiple sensor units networked though a hub unit to a remote display/control unit 1km away. Our NoMADS approach provides Special Forces Teams the ability to tailor NoMADS configuration to best fit a particular mission.

Contact Info

5 FIDDLEHEAD LN
1551 Forbes St.
Toyon Research Corp.SOCOM15-006Team Short Range Day/Night Motion Sensors and Display System

Abstract

Motion detection and camera systems can act as effective force multipliers for ground personnel. There are several reasons that this capability has not made major inroads into field use. The first is overall size, weight, and power as well as cost (SWaP-C) has been unappealing given the capabilities of current systems. The second has to do with the fact that most current systems are proprietary to the vendor. By only providing end-to-end solutions these systems are unable to take advantage of technology advances in core technology areas of other vendors. In this effort Toyon proposes to conduct a thorough feasibility study. This will involve a comprehensive review of existing systems, individual technology component that could be used as part of a system, as well as core technologies that could be used to create system components. The study will consider sensor technologies, data transmission, and display requirements. Our study will place special emphasis on overall technology trends and seek to identify components that can be reused that have broad use. For instance, with the increasing prevalence of Internet Protocol (IP) capable radios and personnel-carried PDAs, there are now means to convey and display information with only nominal amounts of software development.

Contact Info

5 FIDDLEHEAD LN
6800 Cortona Drive
Physical Sciences Inc.SOCOM15-007Rapidly-Installed, Transferable, Tiled Armor (RITTA)

Abstract

"The DoD needs to rapidly add and then subsequently remove protective armor to and from civilian vehicles without altering their external appearance and without permanently altering their interior. Existing solutions are heavy, bulky, and are time consuming to install. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) is teamed with an existing armor manufacturer to provide both opaque and transparent solutions that can be fitted and field-installed in a few hours with minimal training. The building-block based approach uses common components to assemble tailored opaque panels as well as custom-fit window sections. The panels are easily installed, removed, and transferred between vehicles of the same type. Once removed, the common components can also be reconfigured and reused in a different type of vehicles. Both the opaque and transparent armors are based on existing composite armor systems. The ballistic performance of these systems has been extensively tested and fielded for many years. The initial development will transform these existing solutions to kits that can be fielded immediately. Future research will further reduce the weight and volume required to meet various threat levels."

Contact Info

20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810-1077
Technical Products, Inc.SOCOM15-007Transferable Armor for Non Standard Commercial Vehicle (NSCV)

Abstract

The objective of Phase I is to define, develop and demonstrate a modular armor system for commercial vehicles that can be tailored to the threat, is platform agnostic and which can be installed in and is in fact transferable between vehicles in the field. The proposed project will facilitate the scenario where by a SOF team would acquire a likely battered indigenous vehicle, and then convert it to the up-armored NSCV configuration in an austere remote base. The SOF operatives would then be able to perform their mission in the most inconspicuous fashion possible and in fact transfer the armor between vehicles as needed. At the completion of the Phase I effort, TPI will have demonstrated a Transferable Armor system in the representative environment of several body and glass panels taken from an appropriate civilian vehicle. We will have evaluated the potential protection level provided, installation work load, transfer workload and support and supplies required in terms of armor, mounting system parts and material, tools and consumables (metal cleaner, adhesives, etc.) for both initial and subsequent installations.

Contact Info

50 Pratt's Junction Road
Sterling, MA 01564-2340